Lasiomyrma wiwatwitayai

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Lasiomyrma wiwatwitayai
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Lasiomyrma
Species: L. wiwatwitayai
Binomial name
Lasiomyrma wiwatwitayai
Jaitrong, 2010

Lasiomyrma-wiwatwitayai-lateral-am-lg.jpg

Lasiomyrma-wiwatwitayai-dorsal-am-lg.jpg

Holotype Specimen Label

This is a first record of this genus from the continental Asia. The holotype and a paratype were taken from rotten wood on the forest floor in a highland (800-1,400 m alt.) hill evergreen forest, but the other paratype was collected in a lowland secondary forest. Thus L. wiwatwitayai inhabits forests located from lowland to highland, probably nesting in rotten wood.

Identification

Jaitrong (2010) - This species is distinguished from the other congeners by the promesonotum that is broader and dorsally more strongly convex than in the latter, the propodeal dorsum that is straight in profile and distinctly slopes to the base of the propodeal spines, and by the propodeal spine that is obtusely angulated and shorter than broad at base (in the latter it is longer than or as long as broad at base).

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: Thailand (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Known only from the worker caste.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • wiwatwitayai. Lasiomyrma wiwatwitayai Jaitrong, 2010: 428.figs. 1-3 (w.) THAILAND.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Measurements. Worker (n = 3): TL (total length) 2.6-2.9 mm; HL (head length) 0.70-0.73 mm; HW (head width) 0.63-0.65 mm; SL (scape length) 0.43-0.45 mm; WL (Weber’s length of alitrunk) 0.90-0.93 mm; PW (pronotal width) 0.50-0.53 mm; PL (petiole length) 0.33-0.35 mm; PH (petiole height) 0.28 mm; DPW (petiole width in dorsal view) 0.18-0.20 mm; PPL (postpetiole length) 0.18-0.20 mm; PPH (postpetiole height) 0.23 mm; PPW (postpetiole width) 0.25 mm; CI (cephalic index = HW/HL x 100) 86-90; SI (scape index = SL/HW x 100) 65-68.

(holotype and paratypes). Head in full-face view slightly longer than broad (1.11-1.12 times as long as broad), with slightly convex sides and very weakly concave posterior margin. Eye 0.18 mm in maximum diameter, with 9 omatidia along the longest axis. Antenna 11-segmented; scape extending beyond half of head length, but not reaching the posterolateral corner of head in full-face view; antennal segment II longer and broader than each of III-VIII; III-VIII each broader than long; the terminal segment (XI) large, almost 1.7 times as long as IX and X combined; antennal club indistinct with 2 or 3 segments. Clypeus convex anteriorly and lacking teeth. Mandible elongate-triangular with apical tooth large, followed by 7 denticles; basal margin of mandible lacking denticles.

Alitrunk rather robust; pronotum and mesonotum fused to form a dome, with a very shallow suture between them in at least two specimens, seen from above much broader anteriorly than posteiorly, laterally slightly convex; anterior margin of pronotum produced medially; mesonotum with a steep and short posterior slope. Mesopleuron rather short; anepisternum clearly demarcated from katepisternum by a deep groove. Metanotal groove relatively shallow and indistinct. Propodeum in profile extremely lower than promesonotum, with its dorsal outline slightly straight and distinctly sloping to the base of propodeal spine, seen from above dorsum and declivity of propodeum concave; propodeal spine obtusely angulated, shorter than broad at base. Propodeal lobe producted posteriorly.

Petiole pedunculate, slightly longer than high, with a thin node; the node reversed U-shaped in profile; subpetiolar process weakly developed, with its ventral outline almost straight. Postpetiole short, slightly shorter than high and broad, with convex dorsal margin in profile.

Gaster large and oval, in dorsal view 0.70-0.73 mm in maximum width, slightly broader than head.

Whole head covered with dense punctures (almost reticulate); area between frontal carinae with several longitudinal rugulae. Mandible almost smooth and shiny except at the base where short longitudinal rugulae are present. Antennal scape punctate but spaces between punctures smooth and shiny. Promesonotum with dense punctures (a condition similar to the head); mesopleuron with dense punctures; metapleuron and sides of proprodeum with dense rugulae, but sparsely punctate; dorsum and declivity of propodeum with more than 10 transverse rugulae. Anterior face of petiolar node smooth and shiny, but posterior face with dense punctures; whole postpetiole with smaller and dense punctures. First gasteral segment (tergite and sternite) punctate, others smooth and shiny.

Body reddish brown to dark brown; antenna and mandible yellowish brown to dark brown; legs reddish brown to dark brown.

Type Material

Holotype: worker from hill evergreen forest, Khao Yai, NE. Thailand, 30 V 2000, D. Wiwatwitaya leg. Paratypes: a worker from secondary forest, Khao Yai, Nakon Ratchasima Prov., NE. Thailand, 29 V 2000, W. Jaitrong leg.; a worker from Bueng Si To, 900-1,400 m asl., Khao Soi Dao, Chanthaburi Prov., Soi Dao Dist., 22 I 2008, W. Jaitrong leg. Type depository. The holotype is deposited in the Ant Museum of Kasetsart University (Thailand), and two paratypes are in Natural History Museum of the National Science Museum (Thailand).

Etymology

The species epithet is dedicated to Dr. Decha Wiwatwitaya of the Ant Museum, Kasetsart University, who loaned me the holotype.

References