Lepisiota simplex

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Lepisiota simplex
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Plagiolepidini
Genus: Lepisiota
Species: L. simplex
Binomial name
Lepisiota simplex
(Forel, 1892)

Lepisiota simplex casent0906465 p 1 high.jpg

Lepisiota simplex casent0906465 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Identification

Sharaf et al. (2016) - Lepisiota simplex differs from Lepisiota capensis by the following characters: pilosity less abundant on body surface, represented by a few pairs scattered over propodeal dorsum and gastral tergites; eyes larger, with approximately 16 ommatidia in the longest row (EL 0.36 × HW, OI 36) and smaller head (HL 0.55, HW 0.50) versus smaller eyes, with about 10 ommatidia in the longest row (EL 0.19 × HW, OI 20) and relatively larger head (HL 0.77, HW 0.66) in L. capensis. In addition, L. simplex has a smooth and shining mesosoma, whereas in L. capensis the mesosoma is irregularly sculptured and dull.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Kenya, Lesotho, Saudi Arabia, Somalia (type locality), Zimbabwe.
Oriental Region: Bangladesh, India.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • simplex. Acantholepis simplex Forel, 1892a: 43 (diagnosis in key) (w.) SOMALIA.
    • Combination in Lepisiota: Bolton, 1995b: 228.
    • Forel, 1892e: 351 (m.).
    • Subspecies of capensis: Forel, 1907g: 86 (footnote); Arnold, 1920a: 572; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 937; Emery, 1925b: 24; Weber, 1943c: 330.
    • Status as species: Forel, 1892e: 350 (redescription); Dalla Torre, 1893: 172; Forel, 1894c: 414; Bingham, 1903: 317; Forel, 1910e: 449; Forel, 1913a: 143; Forel, 1916: 438; Santschi, 1914d: 378; Collingwood, 1985: 295; Bolton, 1995b: 228; Sharaf, Monks, et al. 2016: 11.

Type Material

Taxonomic Notes

A specimen in Museum of Comparative Zoology (MCZC #21405) is labelled as a type but was collected by Taylor rather than Keller. It is likely this is not a true type.

Description

References

  • Arnold, G. 1920a. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part IV. Myrmicinae. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 14: 403-578 (page 572, Subspecies/race of capensis)
  • Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. (page 317, Status as species)
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 228, Combination in Lepisiota)
  • Forel, A. 1892a. Notes myrmécologiques. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 36: 38-43 (page 43, (diagnosis in key) worker described)
  • Forel, A. 1892e. Liste der aus dem Somaliland von Hrn. Prof. Dr. Conr. Keller aus der Expedition des Prinzen Ruspoli im August und September 1891 zurückgebrachten Ameisen. Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 8: 349-354 (page 350, queen, male described)
  • Forel, A. 1907i. Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika. Wiss. Ergeb. Reise Ostafr. 2: 75-92 (page 86, Subspecies/race of capensis (footnote))
  • Forel, A. 1910f. Note sur quelques fourmis d'Afrique. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 54: 421-458 (page 449, Status as species)
  • Forel, A. 1916. Fourmis du Congo et d'autres provenances récoltées par MM. Hermann Kohl, Luja, Mayné, etc. Rev. Suisse Zool. 24: 397-460 (page 438, Status as species)
  • Santschi, F. 1914d. Formicides de l'Afrique occidentale et australe du voyage de Mr. le Professeur F. Silvestri. Boll. Lab. Zool. Gen. Agrar. R. Sc. Super. Agric. 8: 309-385 (page 378, Status as species)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922j. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VIII. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 711-1004 (page 937, Subspecies/race of capensis)