Leptanilla clypeata

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Leptanilla clypeata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Leptanillinae
Tribe: Leptanillini
Genus: Leptanilla
Species: L. clypeata
Binomial name
Leptanilla clypeata
Yamane & Ito, 2001

Wong and Guenard 2016 L. clypeata l.jpg

Wong and Guenard 2016 L. clypeata d.jpg

A species discovered during a study of the ant fauna in the Bogor Botanical Garden (Kebun Raya Bogor) in Bogor, West Java.

At a Glance • Larval Hemolymph Feeding  



Ito et al. (2001) - This species is closely related to Leptanilla thai from Khao Chong, Thailand, but distinguished therefrom by the following details: clypeus more strongly produced anteriorly, having a distinctly raised platform which is defined posteriorly; in profile dorsal and posterior faces of propodeum not forming a blunt angle; anterior portion of head lacking a pair of whitish markings. It also differs from another close relative, Leptanilla havilandi from Singapore, in the following details: median lobes of clypeus much more strongly divergent apically; seen from above anterolateral corners of petiole distinctly angulate; in profile postpetiole more distinctly smaller than petiole; ventral process of postpetiole narrower in profile; most of the body hairs suberect or erect.

Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Indonesia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.


Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.





The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • clypeata. Leptanilla clypeata Yamane & Ito, in Ito, Yamane, Eguchi, et al. 2001: 393, fig. 7 (w.) INDONESIA (Java).

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Wong and Guénard 2016. Figure 2. Head view focusing on the mandibles of Leptanilla clypeata from Java (A) and L. hypodracos from Singapore (Holotype) (B). Photographs are on the same scale.

Head in full-face view weakly convex laterally, rather strongly narrowed anteriorly, with posterior margin almost straight. Clypeus strongly convex dorsally, forming a raised platform between antennal insertions, anteriorly strongly produced and apically distinctly bilobed; the lobes divergent apically. Mandible elongate-triangular, strongly bowed inwardly, with three teeth including apical one which tapers sharply; other two teeth located close to each other near basal angle of mandible, small and apically not sharply

Wong and Guénard 2016. Figure 5. Profile view focusing on the pronotum, mesonotum and anterior part of propodeum of Leptanilla clypeata from Java (A) and Leptanilla hypodracos from Singapore (Holotype) (B). Note that the right side of Leptanilla hypodracos is presented here. Photographs are on the same scale.

pointed. Scape gradually widened toward its 2/3 length, then slightly narrowed toward apex, reaching about 1/2 length of head as measured from posterior margin of antennal insertion to posterior margin of head. Second antenna! segment 1.5 times as long as wide; 3rd, 4th and 8th to 11th segments approximately as long as wide; 5th and 7th segments slightly wider than long; apical segment almost twice as long as wide. Pronotum in dorsal view roughly round, narrower than head; pro-mesonotal suture wide and deep; the rest of alitrunk distinctly narrower than pronotum, wider in posterior 2/3 than in anterior 1/3. In profile alitrunk with almost straight dorsal outline, with a distinct interruption at promesonotal suture; suture between mesopleuron and metapleuron weak but discernible; dorsal face of propodeum smoothly merged into posterior face; metapleural gland elongate and very large, almost as long as petiolar node. Petiolar node in dorsal view longer than wide, very weakly convex laterally; its anterior margin almost straight; postpetiole wider than petiole; its node wider than long, with rounded sides. In profile petiolar node with relatively steep anterior slope, round dorsal outline and weakly convex ventral margin; postpetiolar node distinctly smaller than petiolar node, with evenly rounded dorsal outline in profile; ventral process of postpetiole well developed. Seen from above first gastral segment with antero-lateral corners not angulate.

Wong and Guénard 2016. Figure 6. Profile view focusing on the propodeum, petiole and subpetiole of Leptanilla clypeata from Java (A) and Leptanilla hypodracos from Singapore (Holotype) (B). Photographs are on the same scale.

Body almost smooth and somewhat shining, only with small and shallow punctures. Body hairs dense; most of them being suberect to erect on head, alitrunk and waist, but many being appressed on gaster; hairs around the tip of gaster nearly as long as those on other parts of gaster; short appressed pubescence absent.

Wong and Guénard 2016. Figure 7. Dorsal view focusing on the pronotum and neck of Leptanilla clypeata from Java (A) and Leptanilla hypodracos from Singapore (Holotype) (B). Photographs are on the same scale.

(holotype). Total length 1.60 mm. Head length measured along sagittal plane 0.38 mm. Head width 0.31 mm. Scape length excluding condylar bulb 0.19 mm. Petiolar node length 0.11 mm; its width 0.09 mm. Postpetiolar node length 0.08 mm; its width 0.11 mm.

Wong and Guénard (2016) - HL 0.37 mm; HW 0.31 mm; MaL 0.16 mm; SL 0.20 mm; WL 0.48 mm; PNW 0.20 mm; PNH 0.14 mm; MW 0.12 mm; PTL 0.10 mm; PTW 0.10 mm; PTH 0.11 mm; TL 1.79 mm (stinger not included), PPL 0.09 mm; PPW 0.12 mm; PPH 0.15 mm; CI 84; SI 65, MaI 53; PI 100; PPI 133, PPHI 80.

Type Material

Holotype: worker, Kebun Raya, Bogar, Java, Indonesia, 7 iv 1997, F. Ito leg. (colony code: FI97-556). Paratypes: 11 workers from the same colony. The holotype will be deposited in the Bogor Zoological Museum.


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Ito, F.; Yamane, S.; Eguchi, K.; Noerdjito, W. A.; Kahono, S.; Tsuji, K.; Ohkawara, K.; Yamauchi, K.; Nishida, T.; Nakamura, K. 2001. Ant species diversity in the Bogor Botanic Garden, West Java, Indonesia, with descriptions of two new species of the genus Leptanilla (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Tropics 10:379-404.
  • Wong M., and B. Guenard. 2015. Leptanilla hypodracos, a new species of the cryptic ant genus Leptanilla (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from Singapore, with new distribution data and an updated key to Oriental Leptanilla species. Zookeys (in press).