Leptogenys amazonica

Every Ant Tells a Story - And Scientists Explain Their Stories Here
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Leptogenys amazonica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Leptogenys
Species: L. amazonica
Binomial name
Leptogenys amazonica
Borgmeier, 1930

Leptogenys amazonica casent0178836 profile 1.jpg

Leptogenys amazonica casent0178836 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Lattke (2010) reported: A Yasuni, Ecuador specimen was taken on the ground in an open disturbed area, and Chiruisla, Ecuador specimens were found beneath the leaf petiole of a palm (J.M. Vieira, pers. comm.).

Identification

Lattke (2011) - Head mostly smooth and shining in full-face view; mandible arched and well separated from clypeus, mostly semi-parallel, weakly widening apicad; mesonotum longer than wide, propodeal dorsum transversely striate; node longer than wide in dorsal view, posterior apex with a brief and bluntly pointed, dorsoposteriorly pointing spine.

A member of the unistimulosa species group. Borgmeier (1930) considered this species close to Leptogenys bohlsi, though he did not explicitly state why and simply mentioned several characters useful for separating the two. This author agrees with Borgmeier’s statement since both species are considered within the same species group, though L. amazonica might be closer to Leptogenys punctaticeps on account of the weakly developed hypostomal teeth, elongate head shape, mandibles with widening apex, and elongate petiolar node, all characters shared by both species.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil (type locality), Ecuador.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

During a collecting trip by J. Lattke in October of 2014 in the SW Ecuadorean province of Zamora Chinchipe, a number of nests were found in decomposing logs on the ground in a humid and forested ravine at 1000m in the Copalinga private reserve, close to the Bombuscaro entrance of Parque Nacional Podocarpus, about 2.7 km SSE of the city of Zamora. The nests had at least 100 workers. Workers would rapidly flee into the surrounding litter or beneath the log itself or any other available debris.

Castes

Queen, male. Unknown.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • amazonica. Leptogenys (Leptogenys) amazonica Borgmeier, 1930: 25, pl. 3, fig. 10; pl. 4, figs. 11, 12 (w.) BRAZIL. See also: Lattke, 2011: 213.

Description

Worker

Lattke (2011) - Metrics (n =4): HL 1.21–1.27; HW 0.96– 0.99; ML 0.76 – 0.83; EL 0.28 – 0.30; SL 1.37 – 1.42; PW 0.78 – 0.81; WL 2.13 – 2.18; PH 0.83 – 0.89; PL 0.63 – 0.66; DPW 0.43–0.48 mm. CI 0.76–0.81; MI 0.77– 0.87; OI 0.28–0.32; SI 1.41–1.47; LPI 0.00–1.40; DPI 0.65 – 0.73.

Head longer than wide in full-face view, wider anterad than posterad, lateral margin broadly convex, posterior margin medially straight to broadly convex, vertexal carina visible; compound eye convex, covering about one-third of lateral cephalic margin; median clypeal lobe modest, apex oval, shorter than maximum scape width, laterally surrounded by narrow strip of translucent cuticle, apex with 3–4 setae. Lateral lobe low, convex, base of median lobe forms almost perpendicular angle with lateral lobe. Cephalic dorsal and ventral surfaces mostly smooth and shining; clypeus with weak oblique striae. Scape surpasses posterior cephalic border by about one-third its length, funicular segments longer than wide, fourth antennal segment longer than three-fourths length of third segment. Mandible elongate, arched and widely separated from clypeus; mostly semi-parallel in cephalic full-face view, modestly widening apicad; hypostomal tooth not visible in cephalic full-face view.

Promesonotal margin forms convexity in lateral view, propodeal dorsal margin forms another, very broad, convexity in lateral view; metanotal groove well impressed; propodeal declivitous margin convex, curving continously from dorsal margin, unarmed. Pronotum mostly smooth and shining, with variable amount of posterolateral longitudinal striae; mesopleuron rugulose towards dorsum, medially smooth and shining with posteroventral striae. Metapleuron and lateral propodeal face obliquely to transversely striate, metapleural-propodeal suture well impressed, broad and scrobiculate; anteroventral margin of mesopleuron bordered by low crest that forms minute triangular lobe anterad. Mesometapleural suture well impressed, pronotal dorsum and mesonotum mostly smooth and shining, mesonotum longer than wide in dorsal view; propodeal dorsum and declivity transversely striate, spiracle elongate.

Petiole with brief vertical anterior margin in lateral view, curving onto long and broadly convex dorsal margin, highest posterad, and ending in short, straight, bluntly pointed tooth; posterior petiolar margin sinuous in lateral view, concave below tooth, then convex. Ventral petiolar process shaped as rounded lobe, lateral face with longitudinal striae; node elongate in dorsal view, anterior margin slightly more than half width of posterior margin, petiolar tooth parallel-sided. Gaster smooth and shining, constriction between abdominal segments III and IV modest. Body with no applied pubescence, with sparse erect to suberect hairs. Head, mandibles, antennae, legs, and gaster colored ferruginous to orange; mesosoma and petiole ferruginous brown.

Type Material

Lattke (2011) - Holotype worker: Brazil, Amazonas, Teffe´, 1921, Cat. No. 2526 (Tastevin) (IBSP) [examined]. The holotype has a handwritten label by Borgmeier and bears the number 2526. It is in fine shape save a missing metatarsus.

References