Leptogenys polaszeki

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Leptogenys polaszeki
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Leptogenys
Species: L. polaszeki
Binomial name
Leptogenys polaszeki
Sharaf & Akbar, 2017

Leptogenys polaszeki casent0922261 p 1 high.jpg

Leptogenys polaszeki casent0922261 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Leptogenys polaszeki seems to be a rare taxon since only two specimens were collected during extensive insect surveys near the type locality, including setting more than 200 pitfall traps bimonthly over two consecutive years (Sharaf and Akbar 2017).

Identification

Sharaf and Akbar (2017) - Leptogenys polaszeki is a member of the Leptogenys sulcinoda-group as defined by Bolton (1975) and cannot be identified using his key to Afrotropical species. L. polaszeki is most similar to Leptogenys bellii from Ethiopia. The two species are uniformly black to brown-black with mandibles, antennae, legs, and tip of gaster brown. L. polaszeki has the metanotal groove deeply impressed in profile, whereas in L. bellii the metanotal groove is shallowly impressed. In addition, L. polaszeki has longer scapes (SI 150-159), lower dorsal petiolar node index (DNI 90-100), and lower lateral petiolar node index (LNI 120-156), versus (SI 122, DNI 127, LNI 171) for L. bellii. Moreover, L. polaszeki has smaller eyes, with 13 ommatidia in the longest row, while the eyes of L. bellii are larger, with about 21 ommatidia in the longest row. Superficially, L. polaszeki appears similar to Leptogenys elegans from Nigeria, but it can be readily separated by the larger body size (TL 5.75-6.00; HL 1.15-1.25; HW 0.85-0.90), the longer scapes (SI 150-159), and the less abundant hair-pits on the body surface; while L. elegans has a smaller body (TL 4.50 -4.90; HL 0.96-1.02; HW 0.60 - 0.72), shorter scapes (SI 125-138), and abundant hair-pits on the body surface.

In frontal view, mandibles subtriangular and feebly curved, but capable of closing tightly against the anterior margin of clypeus without a gap between them; eyes smaller, with about 13 ommatidia in the longest row; in profile, petiolar node making a right angle with the straight posterior face; petiole as long as or little longer than broad in dorsal view; scapes long (SI 150 – 159) ........... L. polaszeki

In frontal view, mandibles elongate and curvilinear, not capable of closing tightly against the clypeus, the apices leaving a large gap between themselves and the clypeus when closed; eyes larger, with about 25 ommatidia in the longest row; petiolar node making a continuous curve with the convex posterior margin; petiole at least 1.5 x broader than long in dorsal view; scapes shorter (SI 101–110) ….. Leptogenys maxillosa

Fig. 4, Automontage images of Leptogenys polaszeki and L. maxillosa: A. holotype worker of L. polaszeki, head in frontal view, CASENT 0922261, B. L. maxillosa, Syntype worker, head in frontal view, CASENT0102266 photographer: April Nobile), C. holotype worker of L. polaszeki, body in profile, CASENT 0922261, D. L. maxillosa, syntype worker, body in profile, CASENT0102266, E. holotype worker of L. polaszeki, body in dorsal view.

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Saudi Arabia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Fig. 3 Sharaf et al. 2017 Type locality Raydah.png

Sharaf and Akbar (2017) - The type locality, the Raydah Nature Reserve, is a part of the Asir Mountains and is located 10 km west of Abha City. The village of Raydah lies at 1600 m just outside the protected area. Raydah Nature Reserve has one of the last remnants of bushy juniper forests existing in Saudi Arabia, with a distinct altitudinal zonation of vegetation. The diversity of the vegetation cover of the region is exceptionally high including Juniperus procera (Cupressaceae), Olea europaea africana (Oleaceae), Lycium shawii roem (Solanaceae), Aloe officinalis (Xanthorrhoeaceae), Panicum turgidum (Poaceae), Haloxylon salicornicum (Chenopodiaceae), Maerua crassifolia (Capparceae), Opuntia ficus-indica (Cactaceae), Ziziphus spina-christi (Rhamnaceae), Coffea arabica (Rubiaceae) and Acacia spp. (Mimosaceae).

Castes

Male

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • polaszeki. Leptogenys polaszeki Sharaf & Akbar, in Sharaf et al., 2017: 2 (w.m.) SAUDI ARABIA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Holotype (paratype in brackets): EL 0.25 (0.25); HL 1.25 (1.15); HW 0.90 (0.85); PNH 0.70 (0.60); PNL 0.45 (0.50); PNW 0.45 (0.45); PW 0.65 (0.60); SL 1.35 (1.35); TL 5.75 (6.00); WL 1.90 (1.85). Indices: CI 72 (74); DNI 100 (90); EI 28 (29); LNI 156 (120); SI 150 (159).

Head. Slightly oval, longer than broad in frontal view, lateral margins converging posteriorly; posterior margin nearly straight in frontal view; antenna 12-segmented; scape long, extending beyond posterior margin of head by about one-third of its length; second funicular segment longer than third; in frontal view, eyes just breaking lateral sides of head in frontal view; eyes of moderate size, with a straight ventral margin and convex dorsal margin, and with 13 ommatidia in the longest row; in frontal view, mandibles subtriangular, but capable of closing tightly against the anterior margin of clypeus without a gap between them when apices overlap, and with a terminal tooth and a small basal dent; clypeus triangular with a distinct median carina and a prominent median lobe; anterior clypeal margin with a large translucent, fringing lamella. Mesosoma. Metanotal groove deeply impressed; propodeal dorsum long, more than 2.5 x longer than descending face; metapleural gland orifice prominent. Petiole. In profile, anterior face shorter than the posterior face and rounding to dorsum, which meets the posterior face at a right angle, posterodorsal angle not projecting posteriorly. Sculpture. Mandible smooth and shining with scattered punctures; clypeus finely, longitudinally rugulose; cephalic surface smooth and shining with relatively pit-like punctures; promesonotum, mesonotum, and propodeal dorsum with few scattered pitlike punctures; metanotal groove cross-ribbed in dorsal view; meso-, metapleuron and descending face of propodeum transversally rugulose; petiole, and gastral tergites finely shagreened. Pilosity. Body with long, yellow, stiff erect to suberect setae; antennae with appressed dense pubescence. Colour. Black to brown-black; mandibles, antennae, legs, and tip of gaster brown.

Male

A single male was collected by a pitfall trap in the type locality. This specimen is similar to the workers of L. polaszeki sp. n. in terms of body size, colour, sculpture and pilosity and appears to be the male caste of this species. However, a final confirmation is required.

EL 0.36; HL 0.92; HW 0.72; PNH 0.51; PNL 0.38; PNW 0.39; SL 0.28; TL 5.52; WL 1.92. Indices: CI 78; DNI 103; EI 50; LNI 134; SI 39 (n=1).

Head. Longer than broad with strongly convex posterior margin in frontal view; antenna 13-segmented; scape short (SI 39); all funicular segments distinctly longer than broad; eyes large (EL 0.5 x HW, EI 50), with a straight ventral margin and convex dorsal margin; in frontal view, mandibles reduced; clypeus broad, rectangular, with a feeble but distinct median carina. Petiole. Like worker. Sculpture. Mandible as worker; clypeus superficially, irregularly rugulose; cephalic surface as worker; in dorsal view, promesonotum and mesonotum finely longitudinally irregularly rugulose; propodeal dorsum transversely rugulose; petiole smooth and shining. Pilosity. Like worker. Colour. As worker, but mandibles, antennae, legs, and tip of gaster yellow or yellow- brown.

Type Material

Holotype: Asir Province: Abha, Raydah, Saudi Arabia, 18.19465°N, 42.39485°E, alt. 1851 m, 06.ix.2015 (Al Dhafer leg.), Pitfall Trap (P.T.), No. 1-3-1, King Saud University Museum of Arthropods (KSMA), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Paratype. 1 worker, same data as the holotype (KSMA) (CASENT0922261).

Etymology

The species is named in honour of Dr. Andrew Polaszek (Natural History Museum, London).

References