Leptothorax kutteri

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Leptothorax kutteri
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Leptothorax
Species: L. kutteri
Binomial name
Leptothorax kutteri
Buschinger, 1966

Leptothorax kutteri casent0281814 p 1 high.jpg

Leptothorax kutteri casent0281814 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

This species is a workerless inquiline. Queens live in the nest of a different ant species, have no workers and are entirely dependent on their hosts for food. The queens produce eggs that are cared for and raised to maturity by the host workers.

At a Glance • Workerless Inquiline  • Polygynous  • Diploid male  



Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 62.9592° to 46.433333°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Austria, Estonia, Finland, Germany (type locality), Norway, Poland, Russian Federation, Sweden, Switzerland.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.


Ødegaard et al. (2015) - In Norway, 1 dealate queen and 3 alate males, in a colony of Leptothorax acervorum established in a rotten pine log. The site was located in a boreal forest dominated by Scots pine Pinus sylvestris Linnaeus, 1753 and Norway spruce Picea abies (Linnaeus, 1753) Karsten, 1881. Relatively large amounts of dead wood in proper state for establishment of L. acervorum was present in the surroundings. The occurrence of this species in Norway is not surprising, as it has a wide distribution in both Sweden and Finland. The species lives in an inquiline relationship with Leptothorax acervorum. One or a few queens are normally found in the host colony and their presence do not seem to affect brood productions by the host appreciably (Douwes et al. 2012).

Flight Period

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Source: antkeeping.info.

Association with Other Organisms

Explore-icon.png Explore: Show all Associate data or Search these data. See also a list of all data tables or learn how data is managed.


  • This species is a host for the gregarine Mattesia geminata (a parasite) in Germany (Buschinger & Kleespies, 1999).

Life History Traits

  • Queen number: polygynous



Diploid males are known to occur in this species (found in 19.7% of 61 examined nests) (Buschinger & Fischer, 1991; Cournault & Aron, 2009).

Radchenko, Dlussky, and Perfilieva 2018. Figure 12.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • kutteri. Leptothorax (Mychothorax) kutteri Buschinger, 1966a: 327, figs. 1, 2, 3 (q.m.) GERMANY. Combination in Doronomyrmex: Buschinger, 1981: 215; in Leptothorax: Heinze, 1998: 195 (combination not stated); Bolton, 2003: 270. See also: Kutter, 1967b: 85; Kutter, 1977c: 130; Buschinger, 1972: 169.



  • n = 23; 24; 25 (France; Germany; Italy; Sweden; Switzerland) (Buschinger & Fischer, 1991; Douwes & Buschinger, 1983; Fischer, 1987) (as Doronomyrmex kutteri).


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Alinvi, O., J. Bohlin and J. P. Ball. 2008. RETRACTED ARTICLE: Interspecific competition among ants in the boreal forest: Testing predictions from a linear hierarchical competition model. Insectes Sociaux 55(1):1-11.
  • AntArea. Accessed on February 5th 2014 at http://antarea.fr/fourmi/
  • Antarea (Personal Communication - Rumsais Blatrix- 27 April 2018)
  • Antarea (at www.antarea.fr on June 11th 2017)
  • ArtDatabanken Bugs (via GBIG)
  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Borowiec M. L. 2007. Second record of the ant Leptothorax kutteri Buschinger, 1966 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Poland. Przeglad Zoologiczny 50: 37-40.
  • Buschinger A. 1999. Bemerkenswerte ameisenfunde aus Sudtirol (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecologische Nachrichten 3: 1-8.
  • Casevitz-Weulersse J., and C. Galkowski. 2009. Liste actualisee des Fourmis de France (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Bull. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 114: 475-510.
  • Czechowski W., A. Radchenko, W. Czechowska and K. Vepsäläinen. 2012. The ants of Poland with reference to the myrmecofauna of Europe. Fauna Poloniae 4. Warsaw: Natura Optima Dux Foundation, 1-496 pp
  • Douwes, P., and A. Buschinger. "Två för Nordeuropa nya myror." Entomologisk Tidskrift 104 (1983): 1-4.
  • Gjershaug J. O., F. Odegaard, A. Staverlokk, and K. M. Olsen. 2016. Records of bilateral gynandromorphism in three species of ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in Norway. Norwegian. Journal of Entomology 63: 65–70.
  • Heinze, J. 1995. The Origin of Workerless Parasites in Leptothorax (S. Str.) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Psyche 102 (3-4) :195-214
  • Odegaard F., K. M. Olsen, A. Staverlokk, and J. O. Gjershaug. 2015. Towards a new era for the knowledge of ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in Norway? Nine species new to the country. Nowegian Journal of Entomology 62: 80–99.
  • Saaristo M. I. 1995. Distribution maps of the outdoor myrmicid ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Finland, with notes on their taxonomy and ecology. Entomol. Fennica 6: 153-162.
  • Seifert B. 1994. Die freilebenden Ameisenarten Deutschlands (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) und Angaben zu deren Taxonomie und Verbreitung. Abhandlungen und Berichte des Naturkundemuseums Görlitz 67(3): 1-44.
  • Seifert B. 1998. Rote Liste der Ameisen. - in: M. Binot, R. Bless, P. Boye, H. Gruttke und P. Pretscher: Rote Liste gefährdeter Tiere Deutschlands. Bonn-Bad Godesberg 1998: 130-133.
  • Steiner F. M., S. Schödl, and B. C. Schlick-Steiner. 2002. Liste der Ameisen Österreichs (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), Stand Oktober 2002. Beiträge zur Entomofaunistik 3: 17-25.