Lioponera longitarsus

Every Ant Tells a Story - And Scientists Explain Their Stories Here
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Lioponera longitarsus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Lioponera
Species: L. longitarsus
Binomial name
Lioponera longitarsus
(Mayr, 1879)

Cerapachys longitarsus casent0217388 p 1 high.jpg

Cerapachys longitarsus casent0217388 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Lioponera longitarsus was originally described from India and subsequently recorded from UAE (Collingwood et al., 2011); Egypt (Sharaf, 2006); Philippines, North Australia, and Taiwan (Terayama et al., 1988). At Rawdhat Khorim, Saudi Arabia, this species is considered rare, with only four specimens. All are alate males, three attracted to a light trap and one collected by a pitfall trap. They were collected in April, October and November (Sharaf et al., 2013).

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates.
Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).
Indo-Australian Region: New Guinea, Philippines (type locality).
Oriental Region: Bangladesh, India (type locality), Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam.
Palaearctic Region: China, Egypt (type locality), Israel.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Heterick (2009) - The existence of this ant in Perth (WA) is interesting, given its tropical distribution elsewhere in Australia and overseas (south and south-east Asia). The species doubtless occurs as a tramp here: I have never seen specimens from outside of the Perth metropolitan area, and it is the only Dorylinae that can be found in built-up suburbs in Perth. Brown (1975) speculated that since it is a hollow twig dweller, L. longitarsus could have been transported across water in floating branches. However, the workers I have seen have all been found crawling on paths or grass.

Castes

Worker

Male

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • longitarsus. Lioponera longitarsus Mayr, 1879: 667 (w.q.) INDIA.
    • Forel, 1900d: 329 (m.).
    • Combination in Cerapachys: Brown, 1975: 23.
    • Combination in Lioponera: Borowiec, M.L. 2016: 164.
    • Status as species: Emery, 1887b: 444; Dalla Torre, 1893: 17; Forel, 1895f: 422; Forel, 1900d: 329; Emery, 1902c: 24; Rothney, 1903: 97; Bingham, 1903: 27; Emery, 1911d: 12; Forel, 1913f: 187; Donisthorpe, 1939a: 253; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 21; Brown, 1975: 23; Collingwood, 1985: 237; Taylor & Brown, 1985: 26; Terayama, et al. 1988: 38; Bolton, 1995b: 143; Tang, Li, et al. 1995: 26; Wu, J. & Wang, 1995: 48; Collingwood & Agosti, 1996: 312; Tiwari, 1999: 33; Mathew & Tiwari, 2000: 269; Framenau & Thomas, 2008: 58; Heterick, 2009: 127; Terayama, 2009: 122 (in key); Collingwood, et al. 2011: 408; Sharaf, Abdel-Dayem, et al. 2013: 570; Bharti & Akbar, 2013a: 83 (in key); Bharti & Wachkoo, 2013d: 1192 (in key); Borowiec, L. 2014: 62; Chen, Shi & Zhou, 2016: 9 (in key).
    • Senior synonym of aegyptiacus: Bolton, 1995b: 143.
    • Senior synonym of alfierii: Bolton, 1995b: 143.
    • Senior synonym of australis Forel, 1895f: 422; Taylor & Brown, 1985: 26.
    • Senior synonym of bicolor: Brown, 1975: 23.
    • Senior synonym of cooperi: Bolton, 1995b: 143.
    • Senior synonym of parva: Brown, 1975: 23.
    • Senior synonym of pygmaeus: Brown, 1975: 23; Taylor & Brown, 1985: 26.
  • australis. Lioponera longitarsus var. australis Forel, 1895f: 422 (w.) AUSTRALIA.
    • Raised to species: Wheeler, W.M. 1918a: 264.
    • Junior synonym of longitarsus: Brown, 1975: 23.
  • parva. Lioponera longitarsus r. parva Forel, 1900d: 330 (w.m.) INDIA.
    • Raised to species: Bingham, 1903: 27.
    • Junior synonym of longitarsus: Brown, 1975: 23.
    • [Incorrectly revived from synonymy by Tang, Li, et al. 1995: 26.]
  • bicolor. Lioponera bicolor Wheeler, W.M. & Chapman, 1925: 54, pl. 1, figs. 15, 16 (w.q.m.) PHILIPPINES.
    • Junior synonym of longitarsus: Brown, 1975: 23.
  • pygmaeus. Phyracaces pygmaeus Clark, 1934b: 26, pl. 2, fig. 7 (w.) AUSTRALIA.
    • Junior synonym of longitarsus: Brown, 1975: 23.
  • alfierii. Lioponera alfierii Donisthorpe, 1939a: 256 (m.) EGYPT.
    • Combination in Cerapachys: Brown, 1975: 22.
    • Junior synonym of longitarsus: Bolton, 1995b: 142.
  • cooperi. Lioponera cooperi Donisthorpe, 1939a: 255 (m.) EGYPT.
    • [Junior secondary homonym of cooperi Arnold, 1915: 14.]
    • Replacement name: aegyptiacus Brown, 1975: 22.
  • aegyptiacus. Cerapachys aegyptiacus Brown, 1975: 22.
    • Replacement name for Lioponera cooperi Donisthorpe, 1939a: 255. [Junior secondary homonym of Cerapachys cooperi Arnold, 1915: 14.]
    • Junior synonym of longitarsus: Bolton, 1995b: 142.

Type Material

  • Lioponera longitarsus australis: Syntype, worker(s) (probable), Mackay, Queensland, Australia, Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève.
  • Lioponera longitarsus: Syntype, worker(s), queen(s), Calcutta, India, Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Vienna.
  • Phyracaces pygmaeus: Syntype, worker(s) (probable), Kuranda, Queensland, Australia, Museum Victoria, Melbourne.
  • Lioponera longitarsus parva: Syntype, worker(s), male(s), India.
  • Lioponera bicolor: Syntype, worker(s), queen(s), male(s), Philippines.
  • Lioponera alfierii: Syntype, male(s), Egypt.
  • Lioponera cooperi: Syntype, male(s), Egypt.

Description

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Bharti H., Y. P. Sharma, M. Bharti, and M. Pfeiffer. 2013. Ant species richness, endemicity and functional groups, along an elevational gradient in the Himalayas. Asian Myrmecology 5: 79-101.
  • Bharti H., and S. A. Akbar. 2013. Taxonomic studies on the ant genus Cerapachys Smith (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from India. ZooKeys 336: 79-103.
  • Brown W. L., Jr. 1975. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. V. Ponerinae, tribes Platythyreini, Cerapachyini, Cylindromyrmecini, Acanthostichini, and Aenictogitini. Search Agric. (Ithaca N. Y.) 5(1): 1-115.
  • Chapman, J. W., and Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monogr. Inst. Sci. Technol. Manila 1: 1-327
  • Chapman, J.W. and S.R. Capco. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monographs of the Institute of Science and Technology (Manila) 1: 1- 327
  • Dad J. M., S. A. Akbar, H. Bharti, and A. A. Wachkoo. 2019. Community structure and ant species diversity across select sites ofWestern Ghats, India. Acta Ecologica Sinica 39: 219–228.
  • Donisthorpe H. 1939. The genus Lioponera Mayr (Formicidae, Cerapachyinae), with descriptions of two new species and an ergatandromorph. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (11)3: 252-257.
  • Eguchi K., B. T. Viet, and S. Yamane. 2014. Generic Synopsis of the Formicidae of Vietnam (Insecta: Hymenoptera), Part II—Cerapachyinae, Aenictinae, Dorylinae, Leptanillinae, Amblyoponinae, Ponerinae, Ectatomminae and Proceratiinae. Zootaxa 3860: 001-046.
  • Emery C. 1887. Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte terza. Formiche della regione Indo-Malese e dell'Australia (continuazione e fine). [concl.]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 25(5): 427-473.
  • Emery, C.. "Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte terza. Formiche della regione Indo-Malese e dell'Australia (continuazione e fine)." Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria (Genova) (2) 5, no. 25 (1887): 427-473.
  • Fontanilla A. M., A. Nakamura, Z. Xu, M. Cao, R. L. Kitching, Y. Tang, and C. J. Burwell. 2019. Taxonomic and functional ant diversity along tropical, subtropical, and subalpine elevational transects in southwest China. Insects 10, 128; doi:10.3390/insects10050128
  • Forel A. 1900. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part VII. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 13: 303-332.
  • Forel A. 1906. Les fourmis de l'Himalaya. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 42: 79-94.
  • Forel A. 1909. Études myrmécologiques en 1909. Fourmis de Barbarie et de Ceylan. Nidification des Polyrhachis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 45: 369-407.
  • Forel A. 1913. H. Sauter's Formosa-Ausbeute: Formicidae II. Arch. Naturgesch. (A)79(6): 183-202
  • Framenau V.W., and M.L. Thomas. 2008. Ants of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean); identification and distribution. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25: 45-85.
  • Guénard B., and R. R. Dunn. 2012. A checklist of the ants of China. Zootaxa 3558: 1-77.
  • Li Z.h. 2006. List of Chinese Insects. Volume 4. Sun Yat-sen University Press
  • Musthak Ali T. M. 1991. Ant Fauna of Karnataka-1. Newsletter of IUSSI Indian Chapter 5(1-2): 1-8.
  • Rasheed M. T., I. Bodlah, A. G. Fareen, A. A. Wachkoo, X. Huang, and S. A. Akbar. 2019. A checklist of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Pakistan. Sociobiology 66(3): 426-439.
  • Tak N. 2009. Ants Formicidae of Rajasthan. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, Occasional Paper No. 288, iv, 46 p
  • Tak N., N. S. Rathore, and S. Kumar. 2007. Insecta: Hymenoptera. Fauna of Pichhola lake (Rajasthan). Wetland Ecosystem series. Zool. Surv. India. 8 : 127-130.
  • Tang J., Li S., Huang E., Zhang B. and Chen Y.. 1995. Hymenoptera: Formicidae (1). Economic Insect Fauna of China 47: 1-133.
  • Terayama M. 2009. A synopsis of the family Formicidae of Taiwan (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Research Bulletin of Kanto Gakuen University. Liberal Arts 17:81-266.
  • Terayama M., S. Kubota, H. Sakai, and A. Kawazoe. 1988. Rediscovery of Cerapachys sauteri Forel, 1913 (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Taiwan, with notes on the Taiwanese species of the genus Cerapachys. Bulletin of the Biogeographical Society of Japan 43: 35-38.
  • Terayama, M. 2009. A synopsis of the family Formicidae of Taiwan (Insecta; Hymenoptera). The Research Bulletin of Kanto Gakuen University 17: 81-266.
  • Tiwari R. N. 1999. Taxonomic studies on ants of southern India (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Memoirs of the Zoological Survey of India 18(4): 1-96.
  • Tiwari R.N., B.G. Kundu, S. Roychowdhury, S.N. Ghosh. 1999. Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae. Pp. 211-294 in: Director; Zoological Survey of India (ed.) 1999. Fauna of West Bengal. Part 8. Insecta (Trichoptera, Thysanoptera, Neuroptera, Hymenoptera and Anoplura). Calcutta: Zoological Survey of India, iv + 442 pp.
  • Tiwari, R.N. 1999. Taxonomic studies on ants of southern India (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Memoirs of the Zoological Survey of India 18(4):1-96
  • Umair M., A. Zia, M. Naeem, and M. T. Chaudhry. 2012. Species composition of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Potohar Plateau of Punjab Province, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 44(3): 669-705.
  • Varghese T. 2004. Taxonomic studies on ant genera of the Indian Institute of Science campus with notes on their nesting habits. Pp. 485-502 in : Rajmohana, K.; Sudheer, K.; Girish Kumar, P.; Santhosh, S. (eds.) 2004. Perspectives on biosystematics and biodiversity. Prof. T.C. Narendran commemoration volume. Kerala: Systematic Entomology Research Scholars Association, xxii + 666 pp.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1929. Ants collected by Professor F. Silvestri in Formosa, the Malay Peninsula and the Philippines. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura. Portici 24: 27-64.