Lophomyrmex opaciceps

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Lophomyrmex opaciceps
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Lophomyrmex
Species: L. opaciceps
Binomial name
Lophomyrmex opaciceps
Viehmeyer, 1922

Lophomyrmex opaciceps casent0281612 p 1 high.jpg

Lophomyrmex opaciceps casent0281612 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Moffet (1986) studied the foraging behavior of this species. A databased specimen with ecological information noted it was collected from a moist streambed in rainforest.

Identification

A member of the Lophomymrex quadrispinosus group.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Indonesia (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • opaciceps. Lophomyrmex quadrispinosus var. opaciceps Viehmeyer, 1922: 211 (w.) INDONESIA (Java). Raised to species and senior synonym of javana: Rigato, 1994a: 58.
  • javana. Lophomyrmex quadrispinosus var. javana Karavaiev, 1933c: 270 (w.) INDONESIA (Java). Junior synonym of opaciceps: Rigato, 1994a: 58.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Rigato (1994) - I was unable to acquire the type-series of javana from IZUAS for examination. However, the original description and locality correspond well with the features and distribution of L. opaciceps; this species seems to be a Javan endemic. Therefore I propose the synonymy of javana with opaciceps. Some series formed by small specimens of opaciceps have reduced rugulae and nearly no pubescence on the gaster; but I have not found any consistent character which could suggest a separate specific status for them.

Description

Worker

Rigato (1994) - TL 2.5-3.4, HL 0.64-0.84, HW 0.58-0.81, CI 88-96, SL 0.55-0.68, SI 80-92, PW 0.38-0.53, AL 0.71-0.99, SpL 0.18-0.25, HTL 0.51-0.64, TI 79-87 (33 measured).

With the characters given in the key and the following: Mesonotum in profile with a well-developed prominence and a posterior small step. Metanotal groove well defined in profile. Propodeal spines in profile slightly downcurved. Petiolar node rather rounded in profile.

Clypeus subopaque, except for its posteriormost median portion which is shining. Frontal triangle quite dull. Cephalic dorsum usually with longitudinal rugulae throughout, subopaque to opaque; a reticulate ground sculpture is also present and evident chiefly on the posterior half of the head. Anterior pronotal slope with transverse rugulae, quite distinct in dorsal view. Pronotal dorsum between the spines appearing irregularly sculptured with a fine reticulation and superimposed more or less developed longitudinal rugulae (evident above all near the tips of the spines); a faint longitudinal median carina may also be present. Pronotal sides longitudinally weakly costulate. Smallest specimens have reduced rugulation on the head and pronotum. Mesonotum behind the prominence, mesopleuron, propodeum, excluding the declivity, petiole and postpetiole clearly reticulate and opaque. Gaster faintly reticulate, shining.

Pilosity as usual in the genus. Pubescence quite rich on the posterior half of the first gastral tergite. Smallest specimens have very sparse gastral pubescence.

Colour brownish yellow to light brown, usually with slightly more infuscated cephalic dorsum and gaster.

Type Material

Rigato (1994) - Syntype workers. Indonesia: Java. Semarang (H. Overbeck) (Berlin Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universität) [examined].

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Chapman, J. W., and Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monogr. Inst. Sci. Technol. Manila 1: 1-327
  • Ettershank G. 1966. A generic revision of the world Myrmicinae related to Solenopsis and Pheidologeton (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Aust. J. Zool. 14: 73-171.
  • Herwina H., and K. Nakamura. 2007. Ant species diversity study using pitfall traps in a small yard in Bogor Botanic garden, West Java, Indonesia. Treubia 35: 99-116.
  • Ito, F.; Yamane, S.; Eguchi, K.; Noerdjito, W. A.; Kahono, S.; Tsuji, K.; Ohkawara, K.; Yamauchi, K.; Nishida, T.; Nakamura, K. 2001. Ant species diversity in the Bogor Botanic Garden, West Java, Indonesia, with descriptions of two new species of the genus Leptanilla (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Tropics 10:379-404.
  • Karavaiev V. 1933. Ameisen aus dem Indo-Australischen Gebiet, VII. (Schluss). Konowia 12: 260-271.
  • Kugler C. 1986. Stings of ants of the tribe Pheidologetini (Myrmicinae). Insecta Mundi 1: 221-230.
  • Latumahina F., M. Borovanska, N. S. Putra, and M. Janda. 2015. Ants of Ambon Island – diversity survey and checklist. ZooKeys 472: 43–57.
  • Moffett M.W. 1986. Observations on Lophomyrmex ants from Kalimantan, Java and Malaysia. Malayan Nature Journal 39: 207-211.
  • Rigato F. 1994. Revision of the myrmicine ant genus Lophomyrmex, with a review of its taxonomic position (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Systematic Entomology 19: 47-60.
  • Rizali A., M. M. Bos, D. Buchori, Sk. Yamane, and C. H. Schulze. 2008. Ants in tropical urban habitats: the myrmecofauna in a densely populated area of Bogor, West Java, Indonesia. Hayati Journal of Biosciences 15(2): 77-84.
  • Rizali A., M.M. Bos, D. Buchori, Sk. Yamane, C. Hans, and J. Schulze. 2008. Ants in tropical urban habitats: the myrmecofauna in a densely populated area of Bogor, West Java, Indonesia. Hayati Journal of Biosciences 77-84.
  • Viehmeyer H. 1922. Neue Ameisen. Archiv für Naturgeschichte (A)88(7): 203-220.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1936. Ecological relations of ponerine and other ants to termites. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. 71: 159-243.