Melophorus teretinotus

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Melophorus teretinotus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Melophorini
Genus: Melophorus
Species group: aeneovirens
Species complex: aeneovirens
Species: M. teretinotus
Binomial name
Melophorus teretinotus
Heterick, Castalanelli & Shattuck, 2017

Melophorus teretinotus minor side JDM32-004552.jpg

Melophorus teretinotus minor top JDM32-004552.jpg

Specimen labels

Evolutionary Relationships

Melophorus ludius species group

Melophorus potteri species group

Melophorus aeneovirens species group

Melophorus biroi species group (biroi species complex)

Melophorus biroi species group (wheeleri species complex)

Melophorus biroi species group (brevignathus species complex)

Melophorus biroi species group (fieldi species complex)

Based on Heterick et al., 2017. Only selected species groups/complexes are included.

Nothing is known about the biology of Melophorus teretinotus.


Heterick et al. (2017) - Melophorus teretinotus is a member of the Melophoprus aeneovirens species-group (in full-face view, the anterior clypeal margin convex, apron-like and covering whole or part of the retracted mandible, except in Melophorus nemophilus, the medial clypeal sector often produced so that it is protrusive when seen in profile; the psammophore frequently with coarse and well-separated ammochaetae, these always placed on or just above anterior margin; in profile, the propodeum elongate and oblique or broadly rounded), and the Melophoprus aeneovirens species-complex (in full-face view, psammophore ranged along or just above anterior margin of clypeus and following the curve of the margin; anterior margin of clypeus broadly medially produced, and often with central notch that may be deeply impressed, but is never acuminate at its midpoint; metatibia with maximum of two rows of preapical spines). In M. teretinotus the tibiae possess stout, socketed, appressed to subdecumbent setae only, with fine, appressed pubescence lacking. The minor worker only is known. Melophorus teretinotus cannot be mistaken for any other Melophorus: the mesosoma is strongly arched, smooth and glabrous, the mesonotum and propodeum are confluent and the metanotal groove is completely lacking.

The odd outline of the minor worker of this species makes it impossible to confuse it with any other Melophorus. The absence of the metanotal groove is distinctive, and the shining, broadly expansive pronotum and mesonotum smoothed over into a deeply declivitous propodeum brings to one’s mind the curve of a snail shell. Only the minor worker has so far been recognized.


Heterick et al. (2017) - All records have come from WA, where it appears occasionally in collections from the Kimberley and Pilbara region on the mainland and from Barrow Island, but the species is also likely to occur in the NT.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • teretinotus. Melophorus teretinotus Heterick, Castalanelli & Shattuck, 2017: 131, fig. 22 (w.) AUSTRALIA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



(n = 4): CI 82–85; EI 26–30; EL 0.21–0.25; HL 0.83–1.16; HW 0.68–0.98; ML 1.38–1.64; MTL 0.62–0.79; PpH 0.10–0.17; PpL 0.68–1.04; SI 127–149; SL 1.02–1.25.

Minor. Head. Head square; posterior margin of head extended posteriad as a convex, sloping surface with a slight medioccipital protuberance; frons shining with superficial shagreenation or microreticulation only; frons consisting exclusively or almost exclusively of well-spaced, appressed setae only (small, erect setae, if present, usually confined to ocular triangle or posterior margin of head). Eye moderate (eye length 0.20–0.49 length of side of head capsule); in full-face view, eyes set above midpoint of head capsule; in profile, eye set anteriad of midline of head capsule; eyes elliptical or slightly reniform. In full-face view, frontal carinae concave; frontal lobes curved inward in front of antennal insertion. Anteromedial clypeal margin narrowly convex and protruding, clypeal midpoint distinctly notched; clypeal psammophore set at or just above anterior clypeal margin; palp formula 6,4. Five mandibular teeth in minor worker; mandibles triangular, weakly incurved; third mandibular tooth distinctly shorter than apical tooth and teeth numbers two and four; masticatory margin of mandibles approximately vertical or weakly oblique. Mesosoma. Integument of pronotum, mesonotum and mesopleuron moderately shining and shagreenate throughout; anterior mesosoma in profile broadly convex; erect pronotal setae absent; in profile, metanotal groove absent; propodeum shining and uniformly striolate; propodeum always smoothly rounded; propodeal dorsum and declivity confluent; erect propodeal setae always absent; appressed propodeal setulae short, separated by more than own length and inconspicuous; propodeal spiracle situated on or beside declivitous face of propodeum, and shorter (length < 0.50 × height of propodeum). Petiole. In profile, petiolar node squamiform; in full-face view, shape of petiolar node uniformly rounded; node shining and smooth throughout. Gaster. Gaster shining, shagreenate (‘LP record’ appearance); pilosity of first gastral tergite consisting of well-spaced short, inconspicuous, appressed setae only, erect setae always absent. General characters. Colour brown, gaster slightly darker than foreparts.

Type Material

Holotype minor worker (top ant) from Ethel Creek, Western Australia, February 1996, F. K. Sengarayar [JDM32-004552] (Western Australian Museum). Paratypes: minor worker on same pin and with same data as holotype (WAM); minor worker from Barrow Island, 20°47'38'S, 115°36'24"E, Western Australia, 24 April, 2005, S. Callan, Suction RI pit AL [JDM32-004553] (Australian National Insect Collection).


Latin terete (‘cylindrical and tapering’) plus Neo-Latin notus (‘back’); adjective in the nominative singular.