Messor aciculatus

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Messor aciculatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Messor
Species: M. aciculatus
Binomial name
Messor aciculatus
(Smith, F., 1874)

Messor aciculatus casent0217860 p 1 high.jpg

Messor aciculatus casent0217860 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies
Synonyms
Common Name
Kuronaga-ari
Language: Japanese

This species nests in bare areas near standing grasses and in open grasslands. Its nests open directly at the ground surface. Underground there is a nearly vertical shaft and many chambers; total nest depth may be up to 4 meters. In Japan, this species is known to be winter-active (Hosoishi et al., 2019) and in autumn workers collect grass seeds. Foraging workers show individual site tenacity: each returning repeatedly to search a particular area, though foraging methods vary according to food conditions. Winged sexuals fly from April to May (Onoyama, 1981a). The number of larval instars is three (Onoyama, 1981; Onoyama, 1982a). Chromosomal number 2n=44 (Imai & Yosida, 1965). In Japan Messor aciculatus is distributed from Iwate Prefecture to Yaku Island. It is also found widely on the Asian continent (Onoyama, 1981). (Japanese Ant Image Database)

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: China, Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, Japan (type locality), Mongolia, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Hosoishi et al. (2019) examined winter foraging activity in western Japan. They found foraging activity was generally low, except during relatively warm periods when the surface ground temperature was above 6–7°C or soil temperature was above 4–5°C. Tetramorium tsushimae, Messor aciculatus and Pheidole nodus were the most abundant in the open land type, whereas Nylanderia flavipes, Pheidole nodus and Crematogaster osakensis were the most abundant in the forest type.

Flight Period

X X
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • aciculatus. Aphaenogaster aciculata Smith, F. 1874: 405 (w.q.) JAPAN.
    • [Misspelled as acciculatus by Pisarski, 1969a: 227, Pisarski, 1969b: 295.]
    • Imai, 1966: 119 (k.); Onoyama, 1982: 325 (l.); Kupyanskaya, 1990: 122 (m.).
    • Combination in Stenamma (Messor): Forel, 1901h: 60;
    • combination in Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma): Emery, 1921f: 57;
    • combination in Messor: Forel, 1922: 93.
    • Status as species: Mayr, 1879: 670; Dalla Torre, 1893: 98; Wheeler, W.M. 1906c: 315; Emery, 1908c: 336; Yano, 1910: 420; Emery, 1921f: 57; Wheeler, W.M. 1928c: 9; Wheeler, W.M. 1928d: 107; Wheeler, W.M. 1929f: 2; Wheeler, W.M. 1930h: 63; Teranishi, 1940: 13; Azuma, 1951: 87; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 131, 136 (combinations in Aphaenogaster and Messor, respectively); Azuma, 1953: 2; Pisarski, 1969a: 227; Pisarski, 1969b: 295; Collingwood, 1976: 303; Arnol’di, 1977b: 1645 (in key); Azuma, 1977: 113; Onoyama, 1980: 197; Ogata, 1991b: 88; Wu, J. & Wang, 1992: 1305; Morisita, et al. 1992: 20; Bolton, 1995b: 252; Wu, J. & Wang, 1995: 98; Tang, J., Li, et al. 1995: 53; Park & Kim, 2000: 109; Imai, et al. 2003: 160; Radchenko, 2005b: 136; Pfeiffer, et al. 2007: 4; Terayama, 2009: 170; He & Song, 2009: 722; Guénard & Dunn, 2012: 44.
    • Senior synonym of brunneicorne: Yano, 1910: 420; Wheeler, W.M. 1928c: 9 (in text); Wheeler, W.M. 1928d: 107 (in text); Arnol’di, 1977b: 1645 (in key); Onoyama, 1980: 197; Bolton, 1995b: 252; Park & Kim, 2000: 109; Imai, et al. 2003: 160.
    • Senior synonym of lobulifera: Wheeler, W.M. 1928c: 9 (in text); Wheeler, W.M. 1928d: 107 (in text); Wheeler, W.M. 1930h: 63; Arnol’di, 1977b: 1645 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 252; Tang, J., Li, et al. 1995: 53; Imai, et al. 2003: 160.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus risianus.
  • brunneicorne. Stenamma (Messor) aciculatum var. brunneicorne Forel, 1901h: 60 (w.) JAPAN.
    • Combination in Messor: Emery, 1908e: 459.
    • Subspecies of aciculatus: Wheeler, W.M. 1906c: 315.
    • Status as species: Emery, 1908e: 459; Emery, 1921f: 73; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 137.
    • Junior synonym of aciculatus: Yano, 1910: 420; Wheeler, W.M. 1928c: 9 (in text); Wheeler, W.M. 1928d: 107 (in text); Arnol’di, 1977b: 1645 (in key); Onoyama, 1980: 197; Bolton, 1995b: 253; Park & Kim, 2000: 109; Imai, et al. 2003: 160.
  • lobulifera. Messor barbarus var. lobulifera Emery, 1901i: 159 (w.) MONGOLIA.
    • [Misspelled as lobifer by Santschi, 1925f: 83, Menozzi, 1930d: 329.]
    • Santschi, 1925f: 93 (q.m.); Santschi, 1928b: 31 (q.m.).
    • Status as species: Ruzsky, 1905b: 739; Emery, 1908e: 459; Ruzsky, 1915a: 443; Wheeler, W.M. 1921c: 535; Emery, 1921f: 74; Wheeler, W.M. 1923b: 1; Santschi, 1925f: 83, 93; Wheeler, W.M. 1927d: 2; Wheeler, W.M. 1927e: 1; Santschi, 1928b: 31; Menozzi, 1930d: 329; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 137.
    • Junior synonym of aciculatus: Wheeler, W.M. 1928c: 9 (in text); Wheeler, W.M. 1928d: 107 (in text); Wheeler, W.M. 1930h: 63; Arnol’di, 1977b: 1645 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 255; Tang, J., Li, et al. 1995: 53; Imai, et al. 2003: 160.

Description

Karyotype

  • n = 22, 2n = 44 (Japan) (Imai & Yosida, 1964; Imai, 1966; Imai, 1969).

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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