Messor capitatus

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Messor capitatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Messor
Species: M. capitatus
Binomial name
Messor capitatus
(Latreille, 1798)

Messor capitatus casent0010645 profile 1.jpg

Messor capitatus casent0010645 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Synonyms

A west-European ant, reported also from NW Africa (Rigato & Toni, 2011).

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Balearic Islands, Bulgaria, Croatia, France (type locality), Greece, Iberian Peninsula, Italy, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Portugal, Republic of Macedonia, Romania, Slovenia, Spain.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Life History Traits

  • Worker-produced males: absent (Delage (1968) cited in Choe (1988); Frumhoff & Ward, 1992) (workers reported to lay fertile (haploid) eggs in queenless colonies but only trophic eggs in queenright colonies)

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • capitatus. Formica capitata Latreille, 1798: 46 (w.) FRANCE.
    • Latreille, 1802c: 235 (q.); Mayr, 1855: 463 (m.).
    • Combination in Manica: Jurine, 1807: 279;
    • combination in Myrmica: Losana, 1834: 325;
    • combination in Atta: Latreille, 1809: 130; Leach, 1815: 147; Brullé, 1833: 327; Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 173; Lucas, H. 1849: 300;
    • combination in Aphaenogaster: Roger, 1863b: 29;
    • combination in Stenamma (Messor): Forel, 1902a: 148;
    • combination in Aphaenogaster (Messor): Ruzsky, 1905b: 744;
    • combination in Messor: Emery, 1908e: 449.
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1921f: 69; Emery, 1922c: 97; Emery, 1924b: 12; Kutter, 1927: 98.
    • Junior synonym of barbarus: Smith, F. 1858b: 162; Mayr, 1861: 66 (in key); Smith, F. 1861a: 35; Roger, 1863b: 29; Mayr, 1863: 395; Dours, 1873: 167; André, 1874: 203 (in list); Emery & Forel, 1879: 461; Nasonov, 1889: 37.
    • Subspecies of barbarus: Emery, 1891b: 12; Emery, in Dalla Torre, 1893: 100 (footnote); Emery, 1893c: 84; Forel, 1894d: 31; Forel, 1902a: 148; Forel, 1904b: 373; Forel, 1904c: 5; Forel, 1905b: 176; Ruzsky, 1905b: 744; Forel, 1906c: 190; Forel, 1907b: 204; Forel, 1907e: 15; Emery, 1908e: 449; Forel, 1909c: 104; Forel, 1909e: 371; Karavaiev, 1910b: 62; Karavaiev, 1912a: 7; Emery, 1912f: 97; Emery, 1916b: 142; Stitz, 1917: 343; Santschi, 1919e: 244; Menozzi, 1922b: 326; Ruzsky, 1923: 4; Santschi, 1923f: 325; Finzi, 1924a: 13; Santschi, 1925g: 341; Santschi, 1926f: 286; Finzi, 1929: 80; Cori & Finzi, 1931: 238; Santschi, 1931a: 4; Santschi, 1932g: 3; Finzi, 1933: 163; Grandi, 1935: 100; Zimmermann, 1935: 17; Menozzi, 1936d: 276; Finzi, 1940: 159; Consani & Zangheri, 1952: 40; Ceballos, 1956: 301.
    • Status as species: Latreille, 1802c: 234; Jurine, 1807: 279; Latreille, 1809: 130; Leach, 1815: 147; Brullé, 1833: 327; Losana, 1834: 325; Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 173; Brullé, 1840: 84; Lucas, H. 1849: 300; Schenck, 1852: 135; Mayr, 1855: 462 (redescription); Nylander, 1856b: 83; Mayr, 1866b: 896; Dalla Torre, 1893: 101; Bondroit, 1918: 153; Lomnicki, 1925b: 2; Baroni Urbani, 1964b: 40; Baroni Urbani, 1964c: 150; Cagniant, 1966b: 279; Bernard, 1967: 147 (redescription); Baroni Urbani, 1968b: 427; Cagniant, 1968a: 143; Baroni Urbani, 1969a: 331; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969: 62; Cagniant, 1970a: 416; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 57; Baroni Urbani, 1974: 232; Collingwood, 1978: 81 (in key); Bernard, 1980: 266; Schembri & Collingwood, 1981: 425; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 54; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 271 (in key); Casevitz-Weulersse, 1990b: 156 (in key); De Haro & Collingwood, 1994: 99; Bolton, 1995b: 253; Mei, 1995: 761; Poldi, et al. 1995: 3; Espadaler, 1997b: 30; Cagniant & Espadaler, 1998: 423; Markó & Csösz, 2002: 116; Bračko, 2006: 137; Cagniant, 2006a: 197; Petrov, 2006: 93 (in key); Bračko, 2007: 17; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009: 489; Lapeva-Gjonova, et al. 2010: 15; Karaman, M.G. 2011b: 36; Legakis, 2011: 9; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2012: 512; Borowiec, L. 2014: 103; Bračko, et al. 2014: 14; Lebas, et al. 2016: 294.
    • Senior synonym of galbula: Emery, 1921f: 70; Bolton, 1995b: 253.
    • Senior synonym of huberiana: Emery, 1921f: 70; Bolton, 1995b: 253.
    • Senior synonym of nigra: Menozzi, 1921: 26; Emery, 1922c: 97; Finzi, 1924a: 13; Finzi, 1929: 80; Cori & Finzi, 1931: 238; Zimmermann, 1935: 17; Bernard, 1967: 147; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 58; Collingwood, 1978: 68; Bolton, 1995b: 253; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009: 489.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus nigricans Santschi, 1929f.
  • galbula. Myrmica galbula Losana, 1834: 326, pl. 36, fig. 5 (w.) ITALY.
    • Combination in Aphaenogaster: Roger, 1863b: 29.
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 109.
    • Junior synonym of barbarus: Roger, 1863b: 29; Emery & Forel, 1879: 461.
    • Junior synonym of capitatus: Emery, 1921f: 70; Bolton, 1995b: 254.
  • huberiana. Formica huberiana Leach, 1825: 290 (w.q.m.) FRANCE.
    • Combination in Aphaenogaster: Roger, 1863b: 29.
    • Junior synonym of barbarus: Roger, 1863b: 29; Mayr, 1863: 395; Emery & Forel, 1879: 461; Dalla Torre, 1893: 100.
    • Junior synonym of capitatus: Emery, 1921f: 70; Bolton, 1995b: 254.
  • nigra. Aphaenogaster barbara var. nigra André, 1883b: 355 (w.q.) FRANCE (mainland, Corsica), ITALY (mainland, Sardinia, Sicily), ALGERIA.
    • Emery, 1908e: 447 (m.).
    • Combination in Stenamma (Messor): Ruzsky, 1902d: 28;
    • combination in Messor: Emery, 1908e: 446.
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1891b: 12; Emery, 1908e: 446; Emery, 1912f: 97; Emery, 1914d: 156; Emery, 1915a: 245; Emery, 1916b: 142; Menozzi, 1918: 82; Soudek, 1925b: 15.
    • Subspecies of barbarus: Dalla Torre, 1893: 100; Ruzsky, 1902d: 28; Emery, 1908d: 23; Forel, 1909c: 104; Forel, 1909e: 379; Forel, 1911d: 346; Krausse, 1912b: 164; Müller, 1923b: 63.
    • Junior synonym of capitatus: Menozzi, 1921: 26; Emery, 1922c: 97; Finzi, 1924a: 13; Finzi, 1929: 80; Cori & Finzi, 1931: 238; Zimmermann, 1935: 17; Bernard, 1967: 147; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 58; Collingwood, 1978: 68; Bolton, 1995b: 255; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009: 489.

Description

References

  • Atanackovic, V. 2013. Understanding contraints and potentials of weed management through seed predation by harvester ants (unpublished Ph.D. thesis).
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  • Baroni Urbani, C. 1964b. Studi sulla mirmecofauna d'Italia. II. Formiche di Sicilia. Atti Accad. Gioenia Sci. Nat. (6) 16: 25-66 (page 40, Status as species)
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  • Emery, C. 1891c. Exploration scientifique de la Tunisie. Zoologie. - Hyménoptères. Révision critique des fourmis de la Tunisie. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, iii + 21 pp. (page 12, Race/subspecies of barbarus)
  • Emery, C. 1908f. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) Teil III. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1908: 437-465 (page 449, Race/subspecies of barbarus)
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References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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