Messor hebraeus

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Messor hebraeus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Messor
Species group: instabilis
Species complex: wasmanni
Species: M. hebraeus
Binomial name
Messor hebraeus
Santschi, 1927

Messor hebraeus casent0913184 p 1 high.jpg

Messor hebraeus casent0913184 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Pashaei Rad et al. (2018) found this species in Iran on parkland ground in a moderate rainfall area.

Photo Gallery

  • Messor hebraeus from near Rishon LeZion, Israel, May 2016. Photo by Eran Schnecke
  • Messor hebraeus worker, Israel. Photo by Eran Schnecke, 20.6.2014.
  • Messor hebraeus worker, Israel. Photo by Eran Schnecke, 20.6.2014.
  • Major worker excavating nest, Israel. Photo by Eran Schnecke, 21.3.2014.



Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 36.202778° to 31.766667°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Iran, Israel (type locality), Lebanon, Syria.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.



Images from AntWeb

Messor hebraeus casent0913185 p 1 high.jpgMessor hebraeus casent0913185 d 1 high.jpgMessor hebraeus casent0913185 h 1 high.jpgMessor hebraeus casent0913185 l 1 high.jpg
Syntype of Messor hebraeusWorker. Specimen code casent0913185. Photographer Z. Lieberman, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by NHMB, Basel, Switzerland.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • hebraeus. Messor semirufus var. hebraeus Santschi, 1927c: 229, fig. 7 (w.) ISRAEL.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Israel: Jerusalem (Chadli Mrabet).
    • Type-depository: NHMB.
    • Subspecies of semirufus: Menozzi, 1933b: 52; Santschi, 1939c: 6.
    • Junior synonym of semirufus: Baroni Urbani, 1974: 227.
    • Status as species: Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, H. 1981: 143; Bolton, 1995b: 254; Vonshak, et al. 2009: 42; Borowiec, L. 2014: 106; Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, 2014: 134.
    • Distribution: Israel, Lebanon, Syria.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Izhaki I., B. Idelovich, R. Laster, and Y. Ofer. 2009. The impact of macro- vs micro environmental factors on the structure of ant communities inhabiting East-Mediterranean Aleppo pine forests. Israel Journal of Entomology 39: 129-146.
  • Pashaei Rad S., B. Taylor, R. Torabi, E. Aram, G. Abolfathi, R. Afshari, F. Borjali, M. Ghatei, F. Hediary, F. Jazini, V. Heidary Kiah, Z. Mahmoudi, F. Safariyan, and M. Seiri. 2018. Further records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 64(2): 145-159.
  • Santschi, F.. "Revision des Messor du groupe instabilis Sm. (Hymenopt.)." Boletín de la Real Sociedad española de Historia natural (Madrid) 27 (1927): 225-250.
  • Santschi, F.. "Trois notes sur quelques fourmis du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique." Bulletin du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique 15 (1939): 1-15.
  • Tohme G. 1996. Formicidae. Etude de la diversité biologique n° 4 . Ministère de l’Agriculture à Beyrouth (Eds.). P85-87.
  • Tohme G., and H. Tohme. 2014. Nouvelles liste des especes de fourmis du Liban (Hymenoptera, Formicoidea). Lebanese Science Journal 15(1): 133-141.
  • Tohmé, G., and H. Tohmé. "Les fourmis du genre Messor en Syrie. Position systématique. Description de quelques ailés et de formes nouvelles. Répartition géographique." Ecologia Mediterranea 7 (1) (1981): 139-153, fig. 1-22.
  • Vonshak M., and A. Ionescu-Hirsch. 2009. A checklist of the ants of Israel (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Israel Journal of Entomology 39: 33-55.