Messor marocanus

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Messor marocanus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Messor
Species: M. marocanus
Binomial name
Messor marocanus
Santschi, 1927

Messor marocanus casent0281606 p 1 high.jpg

Messor marocanus casent0281606 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

This ant is preyed upon by numerous spider species in the genus Zodarion (Araneae: Zodariidae). All members of this genus are specialized ant predators that exclusively prey on ants. (Pekár et al. 2018)


Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Gibraltar, Iberian Peninsula, Morocco (type locality), Portugal, Spain.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • marocanus. Messor minor st. marocanus Santschi, 1927c: 248 (in key) (w.) MOROCCO. [First available use of Messor barbarus subsp. meridionalis var. maroccana Emery, 1908e: 451; unavailable name.] Cagniant & Espadaler, 1998: 426 (m.); Gómez & Espadaler, 2005: 25 (q.). Subspecies of instabilis: Santschi, 1929e: 142. Raised to species: Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969: 64.



  • Cagniant, H.; Espadaler, X. 1998 [1997]. Le genre Messor au Maroc (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (n.s.) 33: 419-434 (page 426, male described)
  • Collingwood, C. A.; Yarrow, I. H. H. 1969. A survey of Iberian Formicidae (Hymenoptera). EOS. Rev. Esp. Entomol. 44: 53-101 (page 64, Raised to species)
  • Emery, C. 1908f. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) Teil III. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1908: 437-465 (page 451, First available use of Messor barbarus subsp. meridionalis var. maroccana; unavailable name.)
  • Gómez, K; Espadaler, X. 2005. Description of the queen caste in Messor marocanus Santschi, 1927 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecol. Nachr. 7: 25-29 (page 25, queen described)
  • Pekar, S., L. Petrakova, O. Sedo, S. Korenko, and Z. Zdrahal. 2018. Trophic niche, capture efficiency and venom profiles of six sympatric ant-eating spider species (Araneae: Zodariidae). Molecular Ecology. 27:1053-1064. doi:10.1111/mec.14485
  • Santschi, F. 1927d. Revision des Messor du groupe instabilis Sm. (Hymenopt.). Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 27: 225-250 (page 248, (in key) worker described)
  • Santschi, F. 1929e. Fourmis du Maroc, d'Algérie et de Tunisie. Bull. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 69: 138-165 (page 142, Stirps of instabilis)