Messor meridionalis

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Messor meridionalis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Messor
Species: M. meridionalis
Binomial name
Messor meridionalis
(André, 1883)

Messor meridionalis casent0249414 p 1 high.jpg

Messor meridionalis casent0249414 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Identification

Collingwood and Agosti (1996) - HW 2.3-2.6; EL/HW 0.204-0.223. This bicoloured species known from Afghanistan (Pisarki 1967) and most of the countries of the Middle East including Iraq and Iran is immediately distinguishable from Messor semirufus, Messor wasmanni and other superficially similar species by its relatively large eyes. In museum collections several different species are placed under the name M meridionalis so that there is uncertainty as to which species this name should apply.

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates.
Palaearctic Region: Afghanistan, Albania, Georgia, Greece (type locality), Iran, Iraq, Israel, Kuwait, Montenegro, Republic of Macedonia, Turkey.

It is known from Central Asia and the Middle East (Abdul-Rassoul et al. 2013).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • meridionalis. Aphaenogaster barbara var. meridionalis André, 1883b: 355 (w.) GREECE, ALBANIA, TURKEY, ALGERIA, TUNISIA.
    • Ruzsky, 1905b: 747 (q.m.); Emery, 1908e: 450 (q.).
    • Combination in Aphaenogaster (Messor): Forel, 1890a: lxx; Ruzsky, 1905b: 746;
    • combination in Stenamma (Messor): Emery, 1898c: 125;
    • combination in Messor: Emery, 1897f: 239; Emery, 1908e: 450.
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1891b: 12; Forel, 1904b: 373; Forel, 1904c: 15; Ruzsky, 1905b: 746; Forel, 1906c: 190; Emery, 1922c: 94; Karavaiev, 1926b: 100; Santschi, 1926f: 287.
    • Subspecies of capitatus: Dalla Torre, 1893: 101.
    • Subspecies of barbarus: Forel, 1886e: clxviii; Forel, 1890a: lxx; Emery, 1898c: 125; Emery, 1901e: 57; Ruzsky, 1902d: 28; Ruzsky, 1903b: 315; Emery, 1908d: 23; Emery, 1908e: 450; Forel, 1910a: 24; Santschi, 1910a: 43; Karavaiev, 1910a: 270; Karavaiev, 1910b: 64; Forel, 1911d: 346; Emery, 1912f: 97; Karavaiev, 1912a: 9; Krausse, 1912b: 164; Emery, 1914d: 156; Wheeler, W.M. & Mann, 1916: 170; Emery, 1916b: 142; Karavaiev, 1916: 507; Santschi, 1917e: 90; Stitz, 1917: 343; Santschi, 1921a: 110; Menozzi, 1921: 26; Emery, 1921b: 208; Emery, 1921f: 71; Finzi, 1923: 3; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1923: 256; Viehmeyer, 1923: 87; Ruzsky, 1923: 5; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927a: 90 (in key); Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929b: 45; Donisthorpe, 1950e: 1060.
    • Subspecies of instabilis: Santschi, 1923f: 325 (in text).
    • Subspecies of semirufus: Santschi, 1927c: 230; Kutter, 1927: 99; Finzi, 1928c: 788; Finzi, 1930c: 22; Santschi, 1934d: 275; Grandi, 1935: 100; Menozzi, 1936d: 276; Finzi, 1939c: 155; Santschi, 1939c: 6; Novák & Sadil, 1941: 82 (in key).
    • Subspecies of minor: Arnol'di, 1948: 211 (in list).
    • Junior synonym of semirufus: Baroni Urbani, 1974: 227.
    • Junior synonym of caducus: Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 121; Arakelian, 1994: 34; Bolton, 1995b: 255.
    • Status as species: Bondroit, 1918: 155; Müller, 1923a: 68; Müller, 1923b: 64; Cori & Finzi, 1931: 238; Collingwood, 1961a: 58; Collingwood, 1961b: 289; Baroni Urbani, 1964a: 2; Pisarski, 1967: 384; Baroni Urbani, 1968b: 434; Pisarski, 1970: 306; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 59; Collingwood, 1978: 81 (in key); Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, H. 1981: 144; Collingwood, 1985: 251; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 54; Poldi, et al. 1995: 3; Collingwood & Agosti, 1996: 318; Werner & Wiezik, 2007: 148; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008: 139; Paknia, et al. 2008: 155; Vonshak, et al. 2009: 42; Legakis, 2011: 10; Collingwood, et al. 2011: 426; Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 19; Borowiec, L. 2014: 109; Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, 2014: 134; Lebas, et al. 2016: 300.

Taxonomic Notes

Borowiec & Salata (2020): This taxon is species dubium. According to the original description (André 1883), it was described from specimens belonging to more than one species. Location of types is unknown and before their study and designation of the lectotype the status of this species is uncertain. Recent authors assigned records of Messor meridionalis from Europe, Turkey and the Middle East to Messor wasmanni.

Description

References

  • Abdul-Rassoul, M.S., Ali, H.B. & Augul, R.SH. 2013. New Records of Unidentified Ants worker (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae) stored in Iraqi Natural History Museum with key to Species. Adv. Biores., Vol 4 (2): 27-33.
  • André, E. 1883b. Les fourmis. [concl.]. Pp. 345-404 in: André, Edm. 1881-1886. Species des Hyménoptères d'Europe et d'Algérie. Tome Deuxième. Beaune: Edmond André, 919 + 48 pp. (page 355, worker described)
  • Arnol'di, K. V. 1948a. Ants of Talysh and the Diabar depression. Their importance for the characterization of communities of terrestrial invertebrates and for historical analysis of the fauna. Tr. Zool. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR 7(2 2: 206-262 (page 211, Subspecies of minor)
  • Atanassov, N.; Dlussky, G. M. 1992. Fauna of Bulgaria. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Fauna Bûlg. 22: 1-310 (page 121, Junior synonym of caducus)
  • Baroni Urbani, C. 1974a. Studi sulla mirmecofauna d'Italia. XII. Le Isole Pontine. Fragm. Entomol. 9: 225-252 (page 227, Junior synonym of semirufus)
  • Bondroit, J. 1918. Les fourmis de France et de Belgique. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 87: 1-174 (page 155, Status as species)
  • Borowiec, L., Salata, S. 2020. Review of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Jordan. Annals of the Upper Silesian Museum in Bytom, Entomology 29 (online 2): 1-26 (doi:10.5281/zenodo.3733156).
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1961a [1960]. The third Danish Expedition to Central Asia. Zoological Results 27. Formicidae (Insecta) from Afghanistan. Vidensk. Medd. Dan. Naturhist. Foren. 123: 51-79. (page 58, Status as species)
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1985. Hymenoptera: Fam. Formicidae of Saudi Arabia. Fauna Saudi Arab. 7: 230-302 (page 251, Revived from synonymy, status as species)
  • Collingwood, C. A. and D. Agosti. 1996. Formicidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of Saudi Arabia (part 2). Fauna Saudi Arabia. 15:300-385. (page 318, Revived from synonymy, status as species.)
  • Emery, C. 1897g. Anhang. Verzeichniss der auf der zweiten Reise nach Kleinasien (1897) gesammelten Ameisen, mit einer Neubeschreibung. P. 239 in: Escherich, K. Zur Kenntniss der Myrmecophilen Kleinasiens. I. Coleoptera. Wien. Entomol. Ztg. 16:229-239. (page 239, Combination in Messor)
  • Emery, C. 1898c. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der palaearktischen Ameisen. Öfvers. Fin. Vetensk.-Soc. Förh. 20: 124-151 (page 125, Combination in Stenamma (Messor))
  • Emery, C. 1908f. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) Teil III. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1908: 437-465 (page 450, queen described, Subspecies of barbarus)
  • Finzi, B. 1928c. Weitere Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Fauna Griechenlands und der Inseln des Aegäischen Meeres. 1. Ameisen aus Griechenland und von den Aegäischen Inseln. Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. Abt. I 137: 787-792 (page 788, Subspecies of semirufus)
  • Forel, A. 1910a. Glanures myrmécologiques. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 54: 6-32 (page 24, Subspecies of barbarus)
  • Müller, G. 1923b. Le formiche della Venezia Guilia e della Dalmazia. Boll. Soc. Adriat. Sci. Nat. Trieste 28: 11-180 (page 64, Status as species)
  • Pisarski, B. 1970a [1969]. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Fauna Afghanistans. (Sammelergebnisse von O. Jakes 1963-64, D. Povolny 1965, D. Povolny & Fr. Tenora 1966, J. Simek 1965-66, D. Povolny, J. Gaisler, Z. Sebek & Fr. Tenora 1967). Formicidae, Hym. Cas. Morav. Mus. Brne 54(Su Suppl: 305-326 (page 306, Status as species)
  • Ruzsky, M. 1903b. Essay on the myrmecofauna of the Kirghiz steppe. Tr. Rus. Entomol. Obshch. 36: 294-316 (page 315, Combination in Messor)
  • Ruzsky, M. 1905b. The ants of Russia. (Formicariae Imperii Rossici). Systematics, geography and data on the biology of Russian ants. Part I. Tr. Obshch. Estestvoispyt. Imp. Kazan. Univ. 38(4-6 6: 1-800 (page 747, male described; page 746, Combination in Messor)
  • Santschi, F. 1921a. Notes sur les fourmis paléarctiques. II. Fourmis d'Asie Mineure récoltées par M. H. Gadeau de Kerville. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 21: 110-116 (page 110, Subspecies of barbarus)
  • Santschi, F. 1927d. Revision des Messor du groupe instabilis Sm. (Hymenopt.). Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 27: 225-250 (page 230, Subspecies of semirufus)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Abdul-Rassoul M. S., H. B. Ali, and R. SH. Augul. 2013. New Records of Unidentified Ants worker (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae) stored in Iraqi Natural History Museum with key to Species. Adv. Biores., Vol 4 (2): 27-33.
  • Agosti, D. and C.A. Collingwood. 1987. A provisional list of the Balkan ants (Hym. Formicidae) and a key to the worker caste. I. Synonymic list. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft, 60: 51-62
  • Al-Khalifa M. S., A. M. Ahmed, A. M. A. Mashaly, F. A. Al-Mekhafi, G. K. M. Iqbal Siddiqui, and M. Fadl Ali. 2010. Studies on the Distribution of Pachycondyla sennaarensis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ponerinae) in Saudi Arabia. 1. Ar-Riyadh Region. Pakistan J. Zool. 42(6): 707-713.
  • Aldawood AS, Sharaf MR (2011) Monomorium dryhimi sp. n., a new ant species (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of the M. monomorium group from Saudi Arabia, with a key to the Arabian Monomorium monomorium-group. ZooKeys 106: 47–54. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.106.139
  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Cecconi G. 1908. Contributo alla fauna delle Isole Tremiti. Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia ed Anatomia Comparata della Reale Università di Torino 23(583): 1-53.
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  • Collingwood C. A., D. Agosti, M. R. Sharaf, A. Van Harten, 2011. Order Hymenoptera, family Formicidae. Arthropod Fauna of the UAE 4: 405-474
  • Collingwood C.A., D.Agosti, M.R. Sharaf, and A. van Harten. 2011. Order Hymenoptera, family Formicidae. Arthropod fauna of the UAE, 4: 405–474
  • Collingwood, C. A., and Donat Agosti. "Formicidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of Saudi Arabia (Part 2)." Fauna of Saudi Arabia 15 (1996): 300-385.
  • Czechowski W., A. Radchenko, W. Czechowska and K. Vepsäläinen. 2012. The ants of Poland with reference to the myrmecofauna of Europe. Fauna Poloniae 4. Warsaw: Natura Optima Dux Foundation, 1-496 pp
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