Messor variabilis

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Messor variabilis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Messor
Species: M. variabilis
Binomial name
Messor variabilis
Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927

Messor variabilis casent0281593 p 1 high.jpg

Messor variabilis casent0281593 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels




Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 37.349167° to 34.763056°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Kazakhstan (type locality), Turkmenistan.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • variabilis. Messor variabilis Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927a: 94 (w.) TURKMENISTAN.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-localities: Turkmenistan: Railway station Geok-Tepe, Geok-Syur, Dort-Kuju, Ashgabat, Takir, Bagir village nr Ashgabat (no collector’s name, perhaps Kuznetsov-Ugamsky).
    • Type-depository: ZMUM.
    • Arnol'di, 1970a: 87 (m.).
    • Status as species: Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929d: 10; Pisarski, 1970: 307; Arnol'di, 1970a: 87; Arnol'di, 1977b: 1646 (in key); Dlussky, 1981a: 17; Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990: 228; Bolton, 1995b: 258; Paknia, et al. 2010: 33; Borowiec, L. 2014: 114; Khalili-Moghadam, et al. 2019: 177.
    • Senior synonym of macrops: Arnol'di, 1977b: 1646 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 258.
    • Distribution: Afghanistan, Iran, Turkmenistan.
  • macrops. Messor excursionis var. macrops Santschi, 1927d: 248 (w.) TURKMENISTAN.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Turkmenistan: Repetek (W. Karawajew).
    • Type-depository: NHMB.
    • [Note: this taxon is based on specimens of M. excursionis (Rusky, 1905b: 739), sensu Karavaiev, 1910b: 68, misidentification.]
    • Junior synonym of variabilis: Arnol'di, 1977b: 1646 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 255.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Dlussky G. M., O. S. Soyunov, and S. I. Zabelin. 1990. Ants of Turkmenistan. Ashkabad: Ylym Press, 273 pp.
  • Khalili-Moghadam A., L. Borowiec, and A. Nemati. 2019. New records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from the Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari Province of Iran with taxonomic comments. Polish Journal of Entomology 88 (2): 163–182.
  • Paknia O., and M. Pfeiffer. 2011. Hierarchical partitioning of ant diversity: implications for conservation of biogeographical diversity in arid and semi-arid areas. Diversity and Distributions 17: 122-131.
  • Paknia O., and M. Pfeiffer. 2014. Niche-based processes and temporal variation of environment drive beta diversity of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in dryland ecosystems of Iran. Myrmecological News 20: 15-23.
  • Paknia, O., A. G. Radchenko, and M. Pfeiffer. "New records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Iran." Asian Myrmecology 3, no. 29-38 (2010).