Temporal range: Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene Baltic amber, Baltic Sea region
A tiny Baltic amber species with no close living relatives. The worker caste resembles superficially that of the modern species Lasius sitiens Wilson but can be distinguished from it readily on the basis of palpal and dentition characters.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
- †pumilus. †Lasius pumilus Mayr, 1868c: 46, pl. 2, fig. 33 (w.) BALTIC AMBER (Eocene).
- [The name †pumilus is misspelled as †pusillus by Wheeler, W.M. 1915h: 142.]
- Combination in Metalasius: Boudinot et al., 2022: 140.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Wilson (1955) - (1) Exceedingly small, PW under 0.30 mm. in the two specimens examined.
(2) Alitrunk completely lacking standing hairs.
(3) Funicular segments II, III, and IV slightly broader than long. Length of maxillary palp segment VI (ML) exceeding the EW.
(4) Mandibles with only one basal tooth in the single specimen which could be examined for this character.
Specimen no. 1. PW 0.30 mm., HW 0.46 mm., SL 0.48 mm., SI 105, or 92, ML 0.11+ mm., RW 0.10 mm. Funicular segments II, III, IV broader than long. ML exceeding the maximum width of the fore tibia, thus markedly longer than in the small modern species sitiens. Eye with only 12 ommatidia but not noticeably reduced proportionate to total head size. Mandibles relatively small, giving the head an unusually rounded appearance when viewed in full face. Anterior margin of the median clypeal lobe with straight lateral faces but with a broadly rounded middle so that an outline intermediate between the niger and neoniger conditions is obtained. Petiole broadly spatulate in frontal view, with gradually rounded dorsal corners and flattened dorsomedian margin.
Specimen no. 2. HW 0.41 mm., SL 0.45 mm., SI 109, CI 93, ML 0.14 mm. (greater than estimated EW). Funicular segments II, III, and IV broader than long. Mandibular dentition of elementary formicine type (see under Terminology and Measurements) but with only one basal tooth.
A conflict exists between Mayr's description and figure of this species: funicular segments II, III, and IV are stated to be broader than long, but the figure shows II and III longer than broad. The description is probably more accurate, as indicated by the two specimens measured in the present study.
Wilson (1955) - Assuming that Lasius punctulatus is the queen of pumilis, as all the evidence seems to indicate, this caste is distinguished from that of all other Lasius s. s. by its extremely small size. Total length, according to Mayr, 3.0-3.8 mm.
Wilson (1955) - SYNTYPES. Three specimens were mentioned by Mayr in the original description, one each in the Konigsberg Geological Institute Collection, Menge Collection, and Mayr Collection.
- Boudinot, B.E., Borowiec, M.L., Prebus, M.M. 2022. Phylogeny, evolution, and classification of the ant genus Lasius, the tribe Lasiini and the subfamily Formicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Systematic Entomology 47, 113-151 (doi:10.1111/syen.12522).
- Dlussky G. M. 2011. The Ants of the Genus Lasius (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from Late Eocene European Ambers. Vestnik zoologii, 45: 209-222 [printed version]; 45(3): e-14—e-27 (DOI 10.2478/v10058-011-0014-5) [PDF version].
- Mayr, G. 1868c. Die Ameisen des baltischen Bernsteins. Beitr. Naturkd. Preuss. 1: 1-102 (page 46, pl. 2, fig. 33 worker described)
- Perkovsky, E.E. 2016. Tropical and Holoarctic ants in late Eocene ambers. Vestnik zoologii, 50(2): 111–122 (DOI 10.1515/vzoo-2016-0014).
- Wilson, E. O. 1955a. A monographic revision of the ant genus Lasius. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 113: 1-201 (page 57, Senior synonym of punctulatus)