Monomorium albopilosum

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Monomorium albopilosum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Monomorium
Species: M. albopilosum
Binomial name
Monomorium albopilosum
Emery, 1895

Monomorium albopilosum casent0235920 p 1 high.jpg

Monomorium albopilosum casent0235920 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Arnold (1916) characterizes albopilosum as a pugnacious species which stings freely. He adds that the nest is in the ground and surrounded by a large low mound of earth. Both alate and apterous females of albopilosum are known.

Identification

Bolton (1987) - One of only two very densely hairy species within the salomonis-group as it is represented in sub-Saharan Africa, the abundant pilosity of albopilosum will isolate this species from all others in the group except Monomorium hirsutum. This latter species, however, shows the strongly contrasting colours of the bicolor-complex and has a broader head and shorter scapes than in albopilosum; compare the hirsutum CI of 81-83 and SI of 99-103 with the measurements given above.

Within the opacum-complex only Monomorium junodi and albopilosum have hairs present on the dorsal alitrunk, but in junodi these are sparse and do not occur on the propodeum, whereas in albopilosum dense pilosity is present everywhere.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa (type locality), Zimbabwe.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • albopilosum. Monomorium albopilosum Emery, 1895h: 24 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Combination in M. (Xeromyrmex): Santschi, 1919b: 235. Senior synonym of clarithorax, fingo, paucipilosa, thales: Bolton, 1987: 335.
  • thales. Monomorium albopilosum var. thales Forel, 1913a: 136 (w.) ZIMBABWE. Arnold, 1916: 208 (q.m.). Junior synonym of albopilosum: Bolton, 1987: 335.
  • clarithorax. Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) albopilosum var. clarithorax Santschi, 1919b: 235 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Junior synonym of albopilosum: Bolton, 1987: 335.
  • paucipilosa. Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) albopilosum st. paucipilosa Santschi, 1919b: 235 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Junior synonym of albopilosum: Bolton, 1987: 335.
  • fingo. Monomorium albopilosum subsp. fingo Arnold, 1946: 61, fig. 13 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Junior synonym of albopilosum: Bolton, 1987: 335.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Bolton (1987) - TL 3.4-4.4, HL 0.80-1.02, HW 0.58-0.78, CI 73-78, SL 0.68-0.90, SI 110-120, PW 0.42-0.52, AL 1.00-1.32 (30 measured).

Median portion of anterior clypeal margin concave. Head relatively long and narrow, scapes long (CI and SI, above). Eyes of moderate size, the maximum diameter 0.22-0.25 x HW and with 10-12 ommatidia in the longest row. Petiole node high and conical in profile; in dorsal view the two nodes usually of about equal width but sometimes the petiole slightly broader. Sculpture usually of fine dense and sharply defined reticulate-punctation all over the head and alitrunk, but sometimes it is reduced on the head posteriorly, or on the pronotum, or both. Petiole and postpetiole weakly reticulate-punctate to virtually smooth. Gaster shining but first tergite at least with superficial shagreening.

Entire body abundantly hairy; all dorsal surfaces of head and body with dense standing pilosity and sides of head in full-face view with freely projecting hairs both in front of and behind the eyes. Pubescence and pilosity of scapes and tibiae elevated, not appressed. Colour uniform light to dark brown, sometimes the gaster slightly darker than the head and alitrunk.

Type Material

Bolton (1987) - Syntype workers, South Africa: Bloemfontein, Kimberley, Makapan (E. Simon); Leribe (Weitzecker) (Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Genoa) [Kimberley syntypes examined].

References