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Zhao et al. (2018) - Twenty-one volatile terpenes and terpenoids were found in Monomorium chinense Santschi (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), a native Chinese ant, by using headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) coupled with gas-phase chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC-MS), which makes this ant one of the most prolific terpene producers in insect. A sesquiterpene with unknown structure (terpene 1) was the main terpene in workers and neocembrene in queens. Terpenes and terpenoids were detected in poison, Dufour's and mandibular glands of both workers and queens. Worker ants raised on a terpene-free diet showed the same terpene profile as ants collected in the field, indicating that denovo terpene and terpenoid synthesis occurs in M. chinense.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- chinense. Monomorium minutum var. chinensis Santschi, 1925f: 86 (w.) CHINA. Wheeler, W.M. 1929f: 6 (q.m.). Raised to species: Bolton, 1987: 288 (in text). See also: Wang & Wu, 1995: 88.
- Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. 54: 263-452 (page 288, (in text) raised to species)
- Santschi, F. 1925f. Contribution à la faune myrmécologique de la Chine. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 56: 81-96 (page 86, worker described)
- Wheeler, W. M. 1929g. Some ants from China and Manchuria. Am. Mus. Novit. 361: 1-11 (page 6, queen, male described)
- Wu, J., Wang, C. 1995. The ants of China. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, x + 214 pp. (page 88, see also)
- Zhao, R., Lu, L., Shi, Q., Chen, J., He, Y. 2018. Volatile Terpenes and Terpenoids from Workers and Queens of Monomorium chinense (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Molecules 23, 2838; (doi 10.3390/molecules23112838).