Monomorium creticum

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Monomorium creticum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Monomorium
Species: M. creticum
Binomial name
Monomorium creticum
Emery, 1895

Monomorium creticum casent0281548 p 1 high.jpg

Monomorium creticum casent0281548 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels




Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Greece (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • creticum. Monomorium abeillei var. creticum Emery, 1895b: 66 (w.) GREECE (Crete). Karavaiev, 1927b: 107 (q.). Combination in M. (Xeromyrmex): Emery, 1922e: 178. Subspecies of salomonis: Forel, 1910a: 23 (in text). Raised to species: Karavaiev, 1927b: 107. Senior synonym of creticus Emery, 1908 (and hence also of its replacement name pseudoepixenus), biroianum: Legakis, 2011: 14.
  • biroi. Epixenus biroi Forel, 1910a: 21 (q.) CRETE. Combination in Monomorium: Brown & Wilson, 1957b: 244. [Junior secondary homonym of biroi Forel, 1907a: 19, above.] Replacement name: biroianum Bolton, 1995b: 260.
  • creticus. Epixenus creticus Emery, 1908f: 558, fig. 5 (m.) GREECE (Crete). [Unresolved junior secondary homonym of creticum Emery (Bolton, 1995b: 260).] Combination in Monomorium: Brown & Wilson, 1957b: 245. Replacement name: pseudoepixenus Özdikmen, 2010c: 991.
  • biroianum. Monomorium biroianum Bolton, 1995b: 260. Replacement name for Epixenus biroi Forel, 1910a: 21. [Junior secondary homonym of Monomorium biroi Forel, 1907a: 19.] Junior synonym of creticum: Legakis, 2011: 14.
  • pseudoepixenus. Monomorium pseudoepixenus Özdikmen, 2010c: 991. Replacement name for creticus Emery, 1908f: 558. [Junior secondary homonym of creticum Emery, 1895b: 66.] Junior synonym of creticum: see there and Legakis, 2011: 14.



  • Brown, W. L., Jr.; Wilson, E. O. 1957b. A new parasitic ant of the genus Monomorium from Alabama, with a consideration of the status of genus Epixenus Emery. Entomol. News 68: 239-246 (page 245, Combination in Monomorium)
  • Emery, C. 1908g. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) Teil IV. Parasitische und Gast-Myrmicinen mit Ausnahme von Strongylognathus. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1908: 549-558 (page 558, fig. 5 male described [Unresolved junior secondary homonym of creticum Emery])
  • Emery, C. 1895n. Sopra alcune formiche della fauna mediterranea. Mem. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna (5)5:59-75 (page 66, worker described)
  • Emery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B: 95-206 (page 178, Combination in M. (Xeromyrmex))
  • Forel, A. 1910a. Glanures myrmécologiques. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 54: 6-32 (page 23, Subspecies of salomonis (in text))
  • Karavaiev, V. 1927c [1926]. Myrmekologische Miszellen. Ezheg. Zool. Muz. 27: 104-112 (page 107, queen described)
  • Karavaiev, V. 1927c [1926]. Myrmekologische Miszellen. Ezheg. Zool. Muz. 27: 104-112 (page 107, Raised to species)