Some of the relatively few known specimens of this species are noted as being found in Bushveld.
Bolton (1987) - A member of the M. subopacum complex in the M. salomonis species group. The only member of the complex to possess standing hairs on the dorsal alitrunk, delagoense is also the species which links the opacum-complex to the subopacum-complex. It is very close to Monomorium junodi but is distinguishable by its reduced cephalic sculpture, which is much less strongly developed than on the promesonotum. In junodi the head and promesonotum are approximately evenly sculptured, both areas being densely reticulate-punctate. Most populations of junodi tend to have more than one pair of hairs on the dorsal alitrunk, although in some only the pair at the pronotal humeri is present. In delagoense hairs behind the humeral pair are apparently never developed.
Keys including this Species
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
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The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- delagoense. Monomorium salomonis r. delagoense Forel, 1894b: 87 (w.) MOZAMBIQUE. Forel, 1910e: 441 (q.m.). Combination in M. (Xeromyrmex): Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 870. Raised to species: Santschi, 1928f: 192. Senior synonym of grahamstownense, lacrymans: Bolton, 1987: 341.
- grahamstownense. Monomorium delagoense var. grahamstownense Santschi, 1936a: 39 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA. [First available use of Monomorium salomonis r. delagoense var. grahamstownensis Forel, 1914d: 245; unavailable name.] Junior synonym of delagoense: Bolton, 1987: 341.
- lacrymans. Monomorium delagoense var. lacrymans Arnold, 1944: 15, fig. 19 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Junior synonym of delagoense: Bolton, 1987: 341.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Bolton (1987) - TL 3.1-3.9, HL 0.72-0.92, HW 0.58-0.77, CI 80-85, SL 0.56-0.70, SI 88-95, PW 0.40-0.50, AL 0.84-1.08 (20 measured).
Anterior free margin of median portion of clypeus evenly concave. Eyes of moderate size, the maximum diameter 0.22-0.24 x HW and with 9-11 ommatidia in the longest row. Dorsum of head with 3-4 pairs of standing hairs behind the level of the frontal lobes. Dorsal alitrunk with a single pair of long hairs at the pronotal humeri, but otherwise hairless. Petiole node with one pair and postpetiole with 2-3 pairs of backward directed hairs, the first gastral tergite with numerous hairs which are more or less evenly distributed over the entire sclerite. Dorsum of head finely shagreenate to superficially reticulate everywhere, usually with fine longitudinal striolation between and immediately behind the frontal lobes. Alitrunk finely and densely reticulate-punctate everywhere, the promesonotal dorsum distinctly more strongly sculptured than the cephalic dorsum behind the level of the eyes. Petiole and postpetiole finely reticulate-punctate. First gastral tergite usually with fine superficial reticulation only, but sometimes this is absent, leaving the surface featureless. Sometimes the superficial reticulation is denser basally and fades out posteriorly on the sclerite. Colour uniform medium to dark brown, or with the gaster somewhat darker than the head and alitrunk.
- Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology. 54: 263-452. PDF. (page 341, Senior synonym of grahamstownense and lacrymans)
- Forel, A. 1894b. Abessinische und andere afrikanische Ameisen, gesammelt von Herrn Ingenieur Alfred Ilg, von Herrn Dr. Liengme, von Herrn Pfarrer Missionar P. Berthoud, Herrn Dr. Arth. Müller etc. Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 9: 64-100 (page 87, worker described)
- Forel, A. 1910f. Note sur quelques fourmis d'Afrique. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 54: 421-458 (page 441, queen, male described)
- Santschi, F. 1928f. Descriptions de nouvelles fourmis éthiopiennes (suite). Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 16: 191-213 (page 192, Raised to species)
- Wheeler, W. M. 1922j. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VIII. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 711-1004 (page 870, Combination in M. (Xeromyrmex))