Monomorium dichroum

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Monomorium dichroum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Monomorium
Species: M. dichroum
Binomial name
Monomorium dichroum
Forel, 1902

Monomorium dichroum casent0902222 p 1 high.jpg

Monomorium dichroum casent0902222 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

In Yemen this species was collected from a banana farm where the soil was moist and rich in decaying livestock faeces. Several pselaphine beetles were also observed in the same habitat (Sharaf et al., 2017).

Identification

Worker caste of this species can be confused with the cosmopolitan species Monomorium pharaonis (L., 1758) but it can be separated by the finely longitudinally striated head, the smooth first gastral tergite, and the dark patches in front of the eyes (Sharaf et al., 2017).

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Socotra Archipelago, Yemen.
Oriental Region: India (type locality), Pakistan.
Palaearctic Region: China, Oman.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Sharaf et al (2018) - Oman: Several workers were found in leaf litter under a date palm tree where the soil was soft and dry.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • dichroum. Monomorium dichroum Forel, 1902c: 212 (w.q.) INDIA. Imai, Baroni Urbani, et al. 1984: 7 (k.).

Description

Karyotype

  • 2n = 16 (India) (Imai et al., 1984).

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Forel A. 1902. Myrmicinae nouveaux de l'Inde et de Ceylan. Rev. Suisse Zool. 10: 165-249.
  • Forel A. 1903. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part X. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 14: 679-715.
  • Forel A. 1911. Ameisen aus Ceylon, gesammelt von Prof. K. Escherich (einige von Prof. E. Bugnion). Pp. 215-228 in: Escherich, K. Termitenleben auf Ceylon. Jena: Gustav Fischer, xxxii + 262 pp.
  • Forel, A. 1908. Fourmis de Ceylan et d'Égypte récoltées par le Prof. E. Bugnion. Lasius carniolicus. Fourmis de Kerguelen. Pseudandrie? Strongylognathus testaceus. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 44: 1-22
  • Narendra A., H. Gibb, and T. M. Ali. 2011. Structure of ant assemblages in Western Ghats, India: role of habitat, disturbance and introduced species. Insect Conservation and diversity 4(2): 132-141.
  • Rajan P. D., M. Zacharias, and T. M. Mustak Ali. 2006. Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae. Fauna of Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary (Karnataka). Conservation Area Series, Zool. Surv. India.i-iv,27: 153-188.
  • Ramachandra T. V., M. D. Subash Chandran, N. V. Joshi, A. Narendra, and T. M. Ali. 2012. Ant species composition and diversity in the Sharavathi Rivers basin, central Western Ghats. Sahyadri Conservation Series 3, ENVIS Technical Report 20. 51 pages.