Monomorium opacum

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Monomorium opacum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Monomorium
Species: M. opacum
Binomial name
Monomorium opacum
Forel, 1913

Monomorium opacum casent0908734 p 1 high.jpg

Monomorium opacum casent0908734 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

The sparse information shown on specimen labels show this species has been collected in miombo woodland and a Combretum/Commiphora thicket.


Bolton (1987) - A member of the M. opacum complex in the M. salomonis species group. M. opacum is characterized by its dense, sharply defined reticulate-punctate sculpture, sparse pilosity and dark colour. It is most closely related to Monomorium subdentatum from which it is only weakly separated, and to Monomorium micropacum which has about 10 pairs of hairs on the first gastral tergite and is noticeably smaller (HW 0.48, SL 0.50-0.51, PW 0.33-0.34).

Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo (type locality), Malawi, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • opacum. Monomorium opacum Forel, 1913b: 333 (w.) DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO. See also: Bolton, 1987: 353.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Bolton (1987) - TL 3.3-3.5, HL 0.80-0.86, HW 0.64-0.72, CI 80-86, SL 0.60-0.68, SI 90-100, PW 0.42-0.46, AL 0.96-1.04 (12 measured).

Anterior free margin of median portion of clypeus transverse to shallowly convex. Maximum diameter of eye 0.22-0.25 x HW, with 10-11 ommatidia in the longest row. Metanotal groove only shallowly indented. Dorsum of propodeum flattened or shallowly concave , the posteriorly divergent lateral margins of the propodeum sometimes bluntly angular. Petiole bluntly conical in profile; in dorsal view the node somewhat broader than long and approximately the same width as the postpetiole. Dorsum and sides of head, entirety of alitrunk, petiole and postpetiole sharply densely reticulate-punctate everywhere. First gastral tergite finely shagreenate. Dorsum of head behind level of frontal lobes hairless or with a single pair close to the occipital margin. Dorsal alitrunk lacking hairs. Petiole with one pair and postpetiole with 1-2 pairs of backward directed hairs. First gastral tergite with 1-2 pairs of hairs in front of the apical transverse row. If only one pair present it is at the midlength of the tergite; when a second pair also occurs it is usually between the base and the midlength of the tergite. Colour uniform medium to dark brown, the gaster usually darker in shade than the head and alitrunk.

Type Material

Bolton (1987) - Syntype workers, Zaire: Katanga ( = Shaba) , Shinsenda, (Bequaert) (Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève; Musee Royal de I' Afrique Centrale) [examined].


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Bolton B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 54: 263-452.
  • IZIKO South Africa Museum Collection