Monomorium phoenicum

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Monomorium phoenicum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Monomorium
Species: M. phoenicum
Binomial name
Monomorium phoenicum
Santschi, 1927

Monomorium phoenicum casent0249831 p 1 high.jpg

Monomorium phoenicum casent0249831 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Nothing is known about the biology of Monomorium phoenicum.

Identification

Collingwood and Agosti (1996) - This species resembles Monomorium subopacum from the Mediterranean area but differs in the impressed propodeal furrow and the denser head sculpture.

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates.
Palaearctic Region: Greece, Israel, Lebanon (type locality), Oman.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • phoenicum. Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) subopacum var. phoenicum Santschi, 1927d: 242 (w.q.) LEBANON. [First available use of Monomorium salomonis subsp. subopacum var. phoenicia Emery, 1908h: 677; unavailable name.] Wheeler, W.M. & Mann, 1916: 170 (m.). Raised to species: Collingwood, 1985: 272. See also: Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 55; Collingwood & Agosti, 1996: 353.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Collingwood and Agosti (1996) - Mean HW 0.642; CI 77.8; SI 118.7; EL/HW 0.275.

The clypeus is emarginate. The antennal scape just reaches the occipital border. The head is comparatively long with gently curved sides and a weakly emarginate occipital border. The alitrunk is high with the promesonotal dorsum curving to the shallow mesopropodeal break. The propodeum has the dorsal face rounding steeply into the declivous face. The propodeal furrow is always distinct with raised margins. There are some subcephalic hairs, one pair on the petiole, one pair on the postpetiole and a few scattered hairs on the gaster. The whole body is densely punctate. The colour varies in different populations from reddish to various shades of brown.

References

  • Agosti, D. and C. A. Collingwood. 1987a. A provisional list of the Balkan ants (Hym. Formicidae) and a key to the worker caste. I. Synonymic list. Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 60: 51-62 (page 55, see also)
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1985. Hymenoptera: Fam. Formicidae of Saudi Arabia. Fauna Saudi Arab. 7: 230-302 (page 272, Raised to species)
  • Collingwood, C. A. and D. Agosti. 1996. Formicidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of Saudi Arabia (part 2). Fauna Saudi Arabia. 15:300-385. (page 353, see also)
  • Emery, C. 1908j. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) Teil V. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1908: 663-686 (page 677, [First available use of Monomorium salomonis subsp. subopacum var. phoenicia Emery, 1908h: 677; unavailable name.])
  • Santschi, F. 1927e. Révision myrmécologique. Bull. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 67: 240-248 (page 242, worker, queen described)
  • Wheeler, W. M.; Mann, W. M. 1916. The ants of the Phillips Expedition to Palestine during 1914. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 60: 167-174 (page 170, male described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Borowiec L., and S. Salata. 2012. Ants of Greece - Checklist, comments and new faunistic data (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus 23(4): 461-563.
  • Collingwood C. A. 1985. Hymenoptera: Fam. Formicidae of Saudi Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 7: 230-302.
  • Collingwood C. A., D. Agosti, M. R. Sharaf, A. Van Harten, 2011. Order Hymenoptera, family Formicidae. Arthropod Fauna of the UAE 4: 405-474
  • Collingwood C.A., D.Agosti, M.R. Sharaf, and A. van Harten. 2011. Order Hymenoptera, family Formicidae. Arthropod fauna of the UAE, 4: 405–474
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1993. A Comparitive Study of the Ant Fauna of Five Greek Islands. Biologia Gallo-hellenica. 20,1:191-197
  • Collingwood, C. A. "A comparative study of the ant fauna of five Greek islands." Biologia Gallo-Hellenica 20 (1993): 191-197.
  • Czechowski W., A. Radchenko, W. Czechowska and K. Vepsäläinen. 2012. The ants of Poland with reference to the myrmecofauna of Europe. Fauna Poloniae 4. Warsaw: Natura Optima Dux Foundation, 1-496 pp
  • El-Hawagry M. S., M. R. Sharaf, H. M. Al Dhafer, H. H. Fadl, and A. S. Aldawood. 2015. Addenda to the insect fauna of Al-Baha Province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia with zoogeographical notes. Journal of Natural History http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222933.2015.1103913
  • Emery, C. "Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) Teil V. Monomorium." Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1908 (1908): 663-686.
  • Finzi, B. "Risultati scientifici della spedizione di S. A. S. il Principe Alessandro della Torre e Tasso nell'Egitto e peninsola del Sinai. XI. Formiche." Bulletin de la Société Entomologique d'Egypte 20 (1936): 155-210.
  • Legakis Collection Database
  • Menozzi C. 1934. Reperti mirmecofaunistici raccolti dal Prof. L di Caporiacco nelle oasi di Cufra e in altre localita del deserto Libico. Atti della Societa dei Naturalisti e Matematici di Modena (6)13(65): 153-166
  • Santschi, F. 1927. Révision myrmécologique. Bulletin et Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belge 67: 240-248.
  • Santschi, F. "Fourmis d'une croisière." Bulletin et Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique (Bruxelles) 74 (1934): 273-282.
  • Santschi, F. "Révision myrmécologique." Bulletin et Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique (Bruxelles) 67 (1927): 240-248.
  • Sharaf M. R., B. L. Fisher, H. M. Al Dhafer, A. Polaszek, and A. S. Aldawood. 2018. Additions to the ant fauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Oman: an updated list, new records and a description of two new species. Asian Myrmecology 10: e010004
  • Tohme G. 1996. Formicidae. Etude de la diversité biologique n° 4 . Ministère de l’Agriculture à Beyrouth (Eds.). P85-87.
  • Tohme G., and H. Tohme. 2014. Nouvelles liste des especes de fourmis du Liban (Hymenoptera, Formicoidea). Lebanese Science Journal 15(1): 133-141.
  • Vonshak M., and A. Ionescu-Hirsch. 2009. A checklist of the ants of Israel (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Israel Journal of Entomology 39: 33-55.
  • Weber N. A. 1952. Observations on Baghdad ants. Baghdad: The Trading and Printing Co., 30 pp.
  • Wheeler W. M. and W. M. Mann. 1916. The ants of the Phillips Expedition to Palestine during 1914. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 60: 167-174.