Monomorium setuliferum

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Monomorium setuliferum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Monomorium
Species: M. setuliferum
Binomial name
Monomorium setuliferum
Forel, 1910

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Monomorium setuliferum casent0908719 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

This species has been found in open and semi-open habitats such as savanna, acacia woodland, and bushveld.

Identification

Bolton (1987) - A member of the M. setuliferum species group. M. setuliferum is distinguished from Monomorium notulum and Monomorium ebangaense only by relatively feeble characters pertaining to the size and shape of the eyes. Thus in setuliferum the maximum diameter of the eye is 0.29-0.33 x HW and the eye in profile is conspicuously reniform. In notulum and ebangaense the eye averages smaller, maximum diameter 0.23-0.28 x HW and is not reniform but rather has the anterior angle drawn out into a more or less straight lobe which is directed anteroventrally on the side of the head. In both notulum and setuliferum the eye shows variation in shape, and further collecting may force the synonymy of all three names, as notulum and ebangaense are only separated by weak sculptural differences which may merely reflect variation in a single species.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Angola, Botswana (type locality), Namibia.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • setuliferum. Monomorium setuliferum Forel, 1910f: 16 (w.) BOTSWANA. See also: Bolton, 1987: 370.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Bolton (1987) - TL 2.5-2.7, HL 0.54-0.63, HW 0.47-0.55, CI 86-90, SL 0.40-0.49, SI 85-90, PW 0.30-0.35, AL 0.64-0.74 (15 measured).

Eyes conspicuously in front of midlength of sides, markedly oblique with respect to the long axis of the head and usually distinctly reniform in profile, drawn out into a lobe anteroventrally which extends forward and downward on the side of the head anteriorly. Shape of eye variable even in a single series but conforming to this general pattern. Maximum diameter of eye 0.29-0.33 x HW and with 9-10 ommatidia in the longest row. Ventral surface of head with a number of long, anteriorly curved hairs. Metanotal groove shallowly impressed in profile . Standing hairs extensively suppressed on dorsal surfaces; absent from head behind level of frontal lobes, absent from alitrunk, absent from first gastral tergite except for the apical transverse row. Nodes of petiole and postpetiole each with a single pair of backward directed hairs. Fine appressed pubescence is present on all dorsal surfaces. Dorsum of head blanketed by reticulate-punctate to reticulate-shagreenate sculpture, usually with an extensive mid-dorsal patch which has extremely fine scratch-like striolae superimposed on the ground-sculpture. Dorsum and sides of alitrunk finely and densely reticulate-punctate everywhere, dorsally the punctures usually more sharply defined on the propodeum than on the pronotum, laterally the pronotum often reticulate rather than reticulate-punctate. First gastral tergite reticulate-shagreenate basally, fading to superficially reticular apically on the sclerite. Colour varying from yellowish brown to dark brown, the gaster often darker in shade than the alitrunk; sometimes the head also darker than the alitrunk.

Type Material

Bolton (1987) - Syntype workers, Botswana: Kalahari, Khakea (L. Schultze) (Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève; Museum of Comparative Zoology) [examined].

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Arnold G. 1916. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part II. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Annals of the South African Museum. 14: 159-270.
  • Bolton B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 54: 263-452.
  • Campbell H., M. D. E. Fellowes, and J. M. Cook. . Species diversity and dominance-richness relationships for ground and arboreal ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) assemblages in Namibian desert, saltpan, and savannah. Myrmecological News 21: 37-47.
  • IZIKO South Africa Museum Collection
  • Kusnezov N. 1949. El género Monomorium (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) en la Argentina. Acta Zoologica Lilloana 7: 423-448.
  • Prins A. J. 1963. A list of the ants collected in the Kruger National Park with notes on their distribution. Koedoe 6: 91-108.
  • Prins A. J. 1964. Revised list of the ants collected in the Kruger National Park. Koedoe 7: 77-93.
  • Santschi F. 1914. Formicides de l'Afrique occidentale et australe du voyage de Mr. le Professeur F. Silvestri. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura. Portici 8: 309-385.
  • Santschi, F. "Résultats de la Mission scientifique suisse en Angola, 1928-1929. Formicides de l'Angola." Revue Suisse de Zoologie 37 (1930): 53-81.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VIII. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 711-1004