Monomorium triviale

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Monomorium triviale
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Monomorium
Species: M. triviale
Binomial name
Monomorium triviale
Wheeler, W.M., 1906

Monomorium triviale casent0914396 p 1 high.jpg

Monomorium triviale casent0914396 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Common Name
Language: Japanese

This species is found in open land and at woodland margins, and is quite rare in Japan (Japanese Ant Image Database). Idogawa and Dobata (2018) found colonies nesting in bamboo cavities in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan in a thicket dominated by deciduous broad-leaved trees.

At a Glance • Parthenogenetic  • Polygynous  

Photo Gallery

  • Monomorium triviale nest with workers, larvae and eggs from Tsushima Island, Japan. Photo by Minsoo Dong.


Apart from coloration, this species is similar to Monomorium intrudens. In Japan, the general appearance of M. triviale (coloration, size, sculpturing) is also similar to Solenopsis japonica, although M. triviale has a 3- rather than 2-segmented antennal club.


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 33.8446° to 33.8446°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: China, Japan (type locality), Republic of Korea.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • triviale. Monomorium triviale Wheeler, W.M. 1906c: 311 (w.) JAPAN.
    • Type-material: 7 syntype workers.
    • Type-locality: Japan: Kanagawa (H. Sauter).
    • Type-depository: MCZC (perhaps also in DEIB).
    • Status as species: Emery, 1908h: 683; Yano, 1910: 419; Emery, 1922e: 173; Azuma, 1950: 35; Azuma, 1951: 87; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 165; Azuma, 1953: 2; Ettershank, 1966: 92; Azuma, 1977: 114; Onoyama, 1980: 198; Ogata, 1991b: 107; Morisita, et al. 1992: 40; Bolton, 1995b: 268; Imai, et al. 2003: 133; Guénard & Dunn, 2012: 46.
    • Distribution: China, Japan, Korea.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Azuma M. 1977. On the myrmecological-fauna of Mt. Rokko, Hyogo, with description of a new species (Formicidae, Hymenoptera). Hyogo Biology 7:112-118.
  • Chapman, J. W., and Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monogr. Inst. Sci. Technol. Manila 1: 1-327
  • Choi B.-M. 1987. Taxonomic study on ants (Formicidae) in Korea (1). On the genus Monomorium. Journal of the Institute of Science Education (Cheongju National Teachers' College) 11:17-30.
  • Choi B.M. 1996. Distribution of ants (Formicidae) in Korea (16) - Ant fauna from Chollabukdo. Korean J. Soil. Zoology 1(1): 5-23.
  • Choi B.M. 1996. Distribution of ants (Formicidae) in Korea (16): Ant fauna from Chollabukdo. Korean Journal of Soil Zoology 1(1): 5-23.
  • Choi B.M. and C.H. Kim, 1987, Studies on the distribution of ants (Formicidae) in Korea (4). Ant fauna in Is. Hongdo and Is. Taehukusando. Journal of Chongju National Teacher College 24: 357-370.
  • Choi B.M., Kim, C.H., Bang, J.R. 1993. Studies on the distribution of ants (Formicidae) in Korea (13). A checklist of ants from each province (Do), with taxonomic notes. Cheongju Sabom Taehakkyo Nonmunjip (Journal of Cheongju National University of Education) 30: 331-380.
  • Emery, C. "Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) Teil V. Monomorium." Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1908 (1908): 663-686.
  • Guénard B., and R. R. Dunn. 2012. A checklist of the ants of China. Zootaxa 3558: 1-77.
  • Ha S.J, S.J. Park, and B.J. Kim. 2002. Comparative ant faunas between Seonyudo and seven other islands of West Sea in Korea. Korean Journal of Entomology 32(2): 75-79.
  • Huang Jian-hua, Zhou Shan-yi. 2007. A checklist of family Formicidae of China - Myrmicinae (Part II) (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Journal of Guangxi Normal University : Natural Science Edition 25(1): 91-99.
  • Kim B.J. 1996. Synonymic list and distribution of Formicidae (Hymenoptera) in Korea. Entomological Research Bulletin Supplement 169-196.
  • Kubota. S., and M. Terayama. 1988. Ant fauna of Tokyo. (1) A list of ants collected at the parks. ARI Reports of the Myrmecologists Society (Japan) 16: 14-16
  • Miyama D., S. Yamane, T. Hishida, T. Kyono, T. Saito, T. Kuwahara, and N. Inoue. 2007. Ant Fauna in a Coppice Area around Shishitsuka-Ohike in Tsuchiura, Central Japan (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Bulletin of Ibaraki Nature Museum 10: 1-10.
  • Ogata. K., Touyama, Y. and Choi, B. M. 1994. Ant fauna of Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. ARI Reports of the Myrmecologists Society (Japan) 18: 18-25
  • Sato T., N. Tsurusaki, K. Hamaguchi, and K. Kinomura. 2010. Ant fauna of Tottori prefecture, Honshu, Japan. Bulletin of the Tottori Prefectural Museum 47: 27-44.
  • So, Ha, Seong, Jin, Park, Joon and Byung, and Kim, Jin. 2002. Comparitive Ant Faunas between Seonyudo and Seven other Islands of West Sea in Korea. Korean Journal of Entomology. 32:75-79.
  • Tanaka B., N. Kanie, T. Mano, R. Arita, and A. Shiragane. 1999. The insect fauna between Takabashi bridge and Nomi-kouen Park, margins of the Yahagigawa river. ????? 3: 35-79.
  • Terayama M. 1992. Structure of ant communities in East Asia. A. Regional differences and species richness. Bulletin of the Bio-geographical Society of Japan 47: 1-31.
  • Terayama M. 2001. Ants of the Institute for Nature study in Minato-ku, Tokyo: species composition, relative nest abundance, and nest density. Rept. Inst. Nat. Stu. 33: 289-300.
  • Terayama M., K. Ogata, and B.M. Choi. 1994. Distribution records of ants in 47 prefectures of Japan. Ari (report of the Myrmecologists Society of Japan) 18: 5-17.
  • Teruyama. M. 1988. Ant fauna of Saitama Prefecture, Japan. ARI Reports of the Myrmecologists Society (Japan) 16: 4-13