Mycetomoellerius

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Mycetomoellerius
Temporal range: 20.43–0 Ma Early Miocene – Recent
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Mycetomoellerius
Solomon, Rabeling, Sosa-Calvo & Schultz, 2019
Type species
Atta iheringi, now Mycetomoellerius iheringi
Diversity
31 species
1 fossil species
(Species Checklist, Species by Country)
At a Glance • Fungus Grower  

Identification

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Keys to Species in this Genus

Distribution

Distribution and Richness based on AntMaps

Species by Region

Number of species within biogeographic regions, along with the total number of species for each region.

Afrotropical Region Australasian Region Indo-Australian Region Malagasy Region Nearctic Region Neotropical Region Oriental Region Palaearctic Region
Species 0 0 0 0 2 31 0 0
Total Species 2840 1735 3042 932 835 4378 1740 2862

Fossils

Fossils are known from: Dominican amber, Dominican Republic (Burdigalian, Early Miocene).

Biology

Association with Other Organisms

All Associate Records for Genus

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Taxon Relationship Associate Type Associate Taxon Associate Relationship Locality Source Notes
Mycetomoellerius zeteki host ant Megalomyrmex adamsae xenobiont
Mycetomoellerius zeteki host diapriid wasp Acanthopria sp. parasite Panama Pérez-Ortega et al., 2010 ant species as ''Trachymyrmex'' cf. ''zeteki''
Mycetomoellerius zeteki host diapriid wasp Acanthopria sp. parasitoid Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Mycetomoellerius zeteki host diapriid wasp Mimopriella sp. parasite Panama Pérez-Ortega et al., 2010 ant species as ''Trachymyrmex'' cf. ''zeteki''
Mycetomoellerius zeteki host diapriid wasp Mimopriella sp. 1 parasitoid Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Mycetomoellerius zeteki host diapriid wasp Mimopriella sp. 2 parasitoid Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Mycetomoellerius zeteki host diapriid wasp Oxypria sp. parasite Panama Pérez-Ortega et al., 2010 ant species as ''Trachymyrmex'' cf. ''zeteki''
Mycetomoellerius zeteki host diapriid wasp Oxypria sp. parasitoid Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Mycetomoellerius zeteki host diapriid wasp Szelenyiopria sp. parasite Panama Pérez-Ortega et al., 2010 ant species as ''Trachymyrmex'' cf. ''zeteki''
Mycetomoellerius zeteki host diapriid wasp Szelenyiopria sp. 1 parasitoid Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest
Mycetomoellerius zeteki host diapriid wasp Szelenyiopria sp. 2 parasitoid Quevillon, 2018 encounter mode independent; direct transmission; transmission outside nest

Castes

Morphology

Worker Morphology

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  • Antennal segment count: 11
  • Antennal club: gradual-3, weak
  • Palp formula: 4,2
  • Total dental count: 8-12
  • Spur formula: 0,0
  • Scrobes: weak
  • Caste: polymorphic
  • Sting: present

Male Morphology

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 • Antennal segment count 13 • Antennal club gradual-4 weak • Palp formula 4,2 • Total dental count 3-7 • Spur formula 0,0

Karyotype

Species Uncertain

  • Mycetomoellerius: n = 9, 2n = 18, karyotype = 16M+2SM (Brazil) (Barros et al., 2014; Cardoso & Cristiano, 2021) (as Trachymyrmex fuscus and Mycetomoellerius fuscus).
  • Mycetomoellerius: 2n = 22, karyotype = 18M+4SM (Brazil) (Barros et al., 2013; Cardoso & Cristiano, 2021).

All Karyotype Records for Genus

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Taxon Haploid Diploid Karyotype Locality Source Notes
Mycetomoellerius 22 18M+4SM Brazil Barros et al., 2013; Cardoso & Cristiano, 2021
Mycetomoellerius 9 18 16M+2SM Brazil Barros et al., 2014; Cardoso & Cristiano, 2021 as ''Trachymyrmex fuscus'' and ''Mycetomoellerius fuscus''
Mycetomoellerius holmgreni 10 20 20M Brazil Barros et al., 2018; Cardoso et al., 2018; Micolino et al., 2019; Micolino et al., 2020
Mycetomoellerius iheringi 10 20 18M + 2SM Brazil Micolino et al., 2020
Mycetomoellerius relictus 10 20 20M Brazil Barros et al., 2013; Micolino et al., 2020
Mycetomoellerius urichii 9 18 16M + 2SM Brazil Barros et al., 2013 as ''Mycetomoellerius fuscus''

Genus Uncertain

The following karyotypes were described as belonging to Trachymyrmex but lacked species-level identifications. As a result of the taxonomic changes proposed by Solomon et al. (2019) the generic placement of these specimens becomes uncertain, but they are likely to belong to either Mycetomoellerius or Paratrachymyrmex rather than Trachymyrmex (based on geographic distribution).

  • As Trachymyrmex sp.1: n = 6, 2n = 12, karyotype = 12M (Panama) (Murakami et al., 1998).
  • As Trachymyrmex sp.2: 2n = 18, karyotype = 18M (Panama) (Murakami et al., 1998).
  • As Trachymyrmex: 2n = 22, karyotype = 18M+4SM (Brazil) (Barros et al., 2013).

Phylogeny

Myrmicinae
Myrmicini
Pogonomyrmecini
Stenammini
Solenopsidini
Attini

Ochetomyrmex  (2 species, 0 fossil species)

Tranopelta  (2 species, 0 fossil species)

Diaphoromyrma  (1 species, 0 fossil species)

Lachnomyrmex  (16 species, 0 fossil species)

Blepharidatta  (4 species, 0 fossil species)

Allomerus  (8 species, 0 fossil species)

Wasmannia  (11 species, 0 fossil species)

Pheidole  (1,294 species, 7 fossil species)

Cephalotes  (123 species, 16 fossil species)

Procryptocerus  (44 species, 0 fossil species)

Strumigenys  (879 species, 4 fossil species)

Phalacromyrmex  (1 species, 0 fossil species)

Pilotrochus  (1 species, 0 fossil species)

Protalaridris  (7 species, 0 fossil species)

Rhopalothrix  (19 species, 0 fossil species)

Basiceros  (9 species, 0 fossil species)

Octostruma  (35 species, 0 fossil species)

Eurhopalothrix  (54 species, 0 fossil species)

Talaridris  (1 species, 0 fossil species)

Acanthognathus  (7 species, 1 fossil species)

Daceton  (2 species, 0 fossil species)

Lenomyrmex  (7 species, 0 fossil species)

Microdaceton  (4 species, 0 fossil species)

Orectognathus  (29 species, 0 fossil species)

Colobostruma  (16 species, 0 fossil species)

Epopostruma  (20 species, 0 fossil species)

Mesostruma  (9 species, 0 fossil species)

Paleoattina

Apterostigma  (44 species, 2 fossil species)

Mycocepurus  (6 species, 0 fossil species)

Myrmicocrypta  (31 species, 0 fossil species)

Neoattina

Cyatta  (1 species, 0 fossil species)

Kalathomyrmex  (1 species, 0 fossil species)

Mycetarotes  (4 species, 0 fossil species)

Mycetosoritis  (2 species, 0 fossil species)

some Cyphomyrmex  (23 species, 2 fossil species)

some Cyphomyrmex

Paramycetophylax  (1 species, 0 fossil species)

Mycetophylax  (21 species, 0 fossil species)

Mycetagroicus  (4 species, 0 fossil species)

Mycetomoellerius  (31 species, 1 fossil species)

Sericomyrmex  (11 species, 0 fossil species)

Xerolitor  (1 species, 0 fossil species)

Paratrachymyrmex  (9 species, 0 fossil species)

Trachymyrmex  (9 species, 0 fossil species)

Amoimyrmex  (3 species, 0 fossil species)

Atta  (20 species, 1 fossil species)

some Acromyrmex  (56 species, 0 fossil species)

some Acromyrmex

Pseudoatta  (2 species, 0 fossil species)

Crematogastrini

Rostromyrmex  (1 species, 6 fossil species)

Cardiocondyla  (90 species, 0 fossil species)

Ocymyrmex  (34 species, 0 fossil species)

Nesomyrmex  (84 species, 2 fossil species)

Xenomyrmex  (5 species, 0 fossil species)

Terataner  (14 species, 0 fossil species)

Atopomyrmex  (3 species, 0 fossil species)

Cataulacus  (65 species, 3 fossil species)

Carebara  (249 species, 9 fossil species)

Diplomorium  (1 species, 0 fossil species)

Melissotarsus  (4 species, 1 fossil species)

Rhopalomastix  (14 species, 0 fossil species)

Calyptomyrmex  (38 species, 0 fossil species)

Strongylognathus  (27 species, 0 fossil species), Tetramorium  (598 species, 2 fossil species)

Cyphoidris  (4 species, 0 fossil species)

Dicroaspis  (2 species, 0 fossil species)

Aretidris  (2 species, 0 fossil species)

Vollenhovia  (83 species, 3 fossil species)

Dacetinops  (7 species, 0 fossil species)

Indomyrma  (2 species, 0 fossil species)

Crematogaster  (783 species, 3 fossil species)

Meranoplus  (91 species, 0 fossil species)

Lophomyrmex  (13 species, 0 fossil species)

Adlerzia  (1 species, 0 fossil species)

Recurvidris  (12 species, 0 fossil species)

Stereomyrmex  (3 species, 0 fossil species)

Trichomyrmex  (29 species, 0 fossil species)

Eutetramorium  (3 species, 0 fossil species)

Royidris  (15 species, 0 fossil species)

Malagidris  (6 species, 0 fossil species)

Vitsika  (16 species, 0 fossil species)

Huberia  (2 species, 0 fossil species)

Podomyrma  (62 species, 1 fossil species)

Liomyrmex  (1 species, 0 fossil species)

Metapone  (31 species, 0 fossil species)

Kartidris  (6 species, 0 fossil species)

Mayriella  (9 species, 0 fossil species)

Tetheamyrma  (2 species, 0 fossil species)

Dacatria  (1 species, 0 fossil species)

Proatta  (1 species, 0 fossil species)

Dilobocondyla  (22 species, 0 fossil species)

Secostruma  (1 species, 0 fossil species)

Acanthomyrmex  (19 species, 0 fossil species)

Myrmecina  (106 species, 0 fossil species)

Perissomyrmex  (6 species, 0 fossil species)

Pristomyrmex  (61 species, 3 fossil species)

some Lordomyrma  (36 species, 0 fossil species)

Propodilobus  (1 species, 0 fossil species)

Lasiomyrma  (4 species, 0 fossil species)

some Lordomyrma

Ancyridris  (2 species, 0 fossil species)

some Lordomyrma

Paratopula  (12 species, 0 fossil species)

Poecilomyrma  (2 species, 0 fossil species)

Romblonella  (10 species, 0 fossil species)

Rotastruma  (3 species, 0 fossil species)

Gauromyrmex  (3 species, 0 fossil species)

Vombisidris  (19 species, 0 fossil species)

Temnothorax  (504 species, 7 fossil species)

Harpagoxenus  (4 species, 0 fossil species)

Formicoxenus  (8 species, 0 fossil species)

Leptothorax  (20 species, 0 fossil species)

See Phylogeny of Myrmicinae for details.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • MYCETOMOELLERIUS [Myrmicinae: Attini]
    • Mycetomoellerius Solomon, Rabeling, Sosa-Calvo & Schultz, 2019: 950. Type-species: Atta (Acromyrmex) iheringi, by original designation.

References