Mycocepurus tardus

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Mycocepurus tardus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Mycocepurus
Species: M. tardus
Binomial name
Mycocepurus tardus
Weber, 1940

Nothing is known about the biology of Mycocepurus tardus.

Identification

The worker can be recognized by the pair of promesonotal spines located in the middle of the circlet of teeth on the promesonotum. It can be separated from the other two species (Mycocepurus curvispinosus and Mycocepurus goeldii) which also have these teeth, based on several different characters. It differs from the Mexican and Central American M. curvispinosus, as the anterior pronotal spines are well developed (lacking in M. curvispinosus), and propodeal spines are straight, and directed somewhat vertically. It can be easily separated from the Brazilian and Argentinean goeldii on the basis of the distributions, and in that the inferior lateral pronotal tooth is poorly developed (well-developed in M. goeldii). (Mackay et al. 2004)

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Habitat

Lowland rain forest.

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • tardus. Mycocepurus tardus Weber, 1940a: 416, fig. 13 (w.) PANAMA. See also: Kempf, 1963b: 430.

Description

References

  • Kempf, W. W. 1963b. A review of the ant genus Mycocepurus Forel, 1893 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Stud. Entomol. 6: 417-432 (page 430, see also)
  • Mackay, W. P.; Maes, J.-M.; Fernández, Patricia Rojas; Luna, G. 2004. The ants of North and Central America: the genus Mycocepurus (Hymenoptera : Formicidae). Journal of Insect Science (Tucson) 4(27): 1-7 (page 1, new record for Costa Rica, Nicaragua)
  • Weber, N. A. 1940b. The biology of the fungus-growing ants. Part VI. Key to Cyphomyrmex, new Attini and a new guest ant. Rev. Entomol. (Rio J.) 11: 406-427 (page 416, fig. 13 worker described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Bezdeckova K., P. Bedecka, and I. Machar. 2015. A checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Peru. Zootaxa 4020 (1): 101–133.
  • Dattilo W. et al. 2019. MEXICO ANTS: incidence and abundance along the Nearctic-Neotropical interface. Ecology https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2944
  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • Franco W., N. Ladino, J. H. C. Delabie, A. Dejean, J. Orivel, M. Fichaux, S. Groc, M. Leponce, and R. M. Feitosa. 2019. First checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of French Guiana. Zootaxa 4674(5): 509-543.
  • Groc S., J. H. C. Delabie, F. Fernandez, M. Leponce, J. Orivel, R. Silvestre, Heraldo L. Vasconcelos, and A. Dejean. 2013. Leaf-litter ant communities (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in a pristine Guianese rainforest: stable functional structure versus high species turnover. Myrmecological News 19: 43-51.
  • Groc S., J. Orivel, A. Dejean, J. Martin, M. Etienne, B. Corbara, and J. H. C. Delabie. 2009. Baseline study of the leaf-litter ant fauna in a French Guianese forest. Insect Conservation and Diversity 2: 183-193.
  • Kempf W. W. 1963. A review of the ant genus Mycocepurus Forel, 1893 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Studia Entomologica 6: 417-432.
  • Longino J. T. L., and M. G. Branstetter. 2018. The truncated bell: an enigmatic but pervasive elevational diversity pattern in Middle American ants. Ecography 41: 1-12.
  • Longino J. et al. ADMAC project. Accessed on March 24th 2017 at https://sites.google.com/site/admacsite/
  • Mackay, W.P., J.-P. Maes, P. Rojas Fernandez and G. Luna. 2004. The ants of North and Central America: the genus Mycocepurus (Hymentopera: Formicidae). Journal of Insect Science 4:27.
  • Sosa-Calvo J., F. Fernandez, and T. R. Schultz. 2018. Phylogeny and evolution of the cryptic fungus-farming ant genus Myrmicocrypta F. Smith (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) inferred from multilocus data. Systematic Entomology DOI: 10.1111/syen.12313
  • Weber N. A. 1940. The biology of the fungus-growing ants. Part VI. Key to Cyphomyrmex, new Attini and a new guest ant. Rev. Entomol. (Rio J.) 11: 406-427.
  • Weber N. A. 1941. The biology of the fungus-growing ants. Part VII. The Barro Colorado Island, Canal Zone, species. Rev. Entomol. (Rio J.) 12: 93-130.