Myrmecia piliventris

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Myrmecia piliventris
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmeciinae
Tribe: Myrmeciini
Genus: Myrmecia
Species: M. piliventris
Binomial name
Myrmecia piliventris
Smith, F., 1858

Myrmecia piliventris casent0907100 p 1 high.jpg

Myrmecia piliventris casent0907100 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Qian et al. 2012 - Polymorphic microsatellite markers revealed 1 to 4 queens per colony. Queens were estimated to mate with 1–9 inferred and 1.0–11.4 effective mates. This is the first time that the rare co-occurrence of polygyny and high polyandry has been found in the M. pilosula species group. Significant maternity and paternity skews were detected at the population level. We also found an isolation-by-distance pattern, and together with the occurrence of polygynous polydomy, this suggests the occurrence of dependent colony foundation (DCF)

Castes

Queen described as subapterous (Clark 1951)

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • piliventris. Myrmecia piliventris Smith, F. 1858b: 146 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Mayr, 1876: 93 (q.); Clark, 1943: 141 (m.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1971d: 251 (l.); Imai & Taylor, 1986: 59 (k.). Combination in M. (Pristomyrmecia): Emery, 1911d: 21; in M. (Promyrmecia): Wheeler, W.M. 1933i: 67; in Promyrmecia: Clark, 1943: 140; in Myrmecia: Brown, 1953j: 20. Senior synonym of rectidens: Brown, 1953j: 20. See also: Crawley, 1926: 385; Clark, 1951: 156.
  • rectidens. Myrmecia piliventris var. rectidens Forel, 1910b: 5 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Clark, 1951: 160 (q.). Combination in M. (Pristomyrmecia): Emery, 1911d: 21; in Promyrmecia: Clark, 1943: 141. Subspecies of piliventris: Clark, 1943: 141. Raised to species: Clark, 1951: 159. Junior synonym of piliventris: Brown, 1953j: 20.

Type Material

Description

Karyotype

  • n = 2, 2n = 4, karyotype = 4ST (Australia) (Imai & Taylor, 1986; Imai et al., 1988a).
  • n = 32, 2n = 64 (Australia) (Imai & Taylor, 1986; Imai et al., 1988a).
  • n = 17, 2n = 34 (Australia) (Imai & Taylor, 1986; Imai et al., 1988a).
  • 2n = 6 (Australia) (Imai & Taylor, 1986; Imai et al., 1988a).

References

  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1953j. Revisionary notes on the ant genus Myrmecia of Australia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 111: 1-35 (page 20, Combination in Myrmecia)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1953j. Revisionary notes on the ant genus Myrmecia of Australia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 111: 1-35 (page 20, Senior synonym of rectidens)
  • Clark, J. 1943. A revision of the genus Promyrmecia Emery (Formicidae). Mem. Natl. Mus. Vic. 13: 83-149 (page 141, male described)
  • Clark, J. 1943. A revision of the genus Promyrmecia Emery (Formicidae). Mem. Natl. Mus. Vic. 13: 83-149 (page 140, Combination in Promyrmecia)
  • Clark, J. 1951. The Formicidae of Australia. 1. Subfamily Myrmeciinae: 230 pp. CSIRO, Melbourne. [(31.xii).1951.] PDF
  • Crawley, W. C. 1926. A revision of some old types of Formicidae. Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 1925: 373-393 (page 383, see also)
  • Emery, C. 1911e. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125 (page 21, Combination in M. (Pristomyrmecia))
  • Imai, H. T.; Taylor, R. W. 1986. The exceptionally low chromosome number n=2 in an Australian bulldog ant Myrmecia piliventris Smith. Annu. Rep. Natl. Inst. Genet. Jpn. 36: 59-61 (page 59, karyotype described)
  • Mayr, G. 1876. Die australischen Formiciden. J. Mus. Godeffroy 12: 56-115 (page 93, queen described)
  • Qian, Z.-Q., Schlick-Steiner, B. C., Steiner, F. M., Robson, S. K. A., Schlüns, H., Schlüns, E. A., Crozier, R. H. 2012. Colony genetic structure in the Australian jumper ant Myrmecia pilosula. Insectes Sociaux 59:109-119.
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 146, worker described)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1971d. Ant larvae of the subfamily Myrmeciinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Pan-Pac. Entomol. 47: 245-256 (page 251, larva described)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1933i. Colony founding among ants, with an account of some primitive Australian species. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, viii + 179 pp. (page 67, Combination in M. (Promyrmecia))