Myrmecia varians

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Myrmecia varians
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmeciinae
Tribe: Myrmeciini
Genus: Myrmecia
Species: M. varians
Binomial name
Myrmecia varians
Mayr, 1876

Myrmecia varians casent0902804 p 1 high.jpg

Myrmecia varians casent0902804 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels



Little separates M. varians from Myrmecia michaelseni and Myrmecia rugosa, but Ogata and Taylor (1991) use subtle differences in the length of the pronotal setae and the appearance of the mandibles to distinguish them.

Keys including this Species


Heterick (2009) - Myrmecia varians, described from the eastern states, is represented by one specimen each from Nerren Nerren Stn, just outside the boundaries of the SWBP (McKenzie, Keighery et al. 2000) and from Westonia.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


Life History Traits

  • Queen number: monogynous (Rissing and Pollock, 1988; Frumhoff & Ward, 1992)



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • varians. Myrmecia varians Mayr, 1876: 94 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Clark, 1943: 127 (q.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1971d: 254 (l.). Combination in Promyrmecia: Clark, 1943: 126; in Myrmecia: Brown, 1953j: 15. Senior synonym of rufonigra: Clark, 1943: 126; of goudiei, marmorata, shepherdi, wilsoni: Brown, 1953j: 15. See also: Clark, 1951: 181.
  • rufonigra. Myrmecia rufonigra Crawley, 1921: 87 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Junior synonym of varians: Clark, 1943: 126.
  • goudiei. Promyrmecia goudiei Clark, 1943: 129, pl. 15, figs. 48, 49 (w.q.) AUSTRALIA. Junior synonym of varians: Brown, 1953j: 15.
  • shepherdi. Promyrmecia shepherdi Clark, 1943: 128, pl. 15, figs. 50-52 (w.q.m.) AUSTRALIA. Junior synonym of varians: Brown, 1953j: 15.
  • wilsoni. Promyrmecia wilsoni Clark, 1943: 127, pl. 15, fig. 66 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Junior synonym of varians: Brown, 1953j: 15.
  • marmorata. Promyrmecia marmorata Clark, 1951: 188, fig. 157 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Junior synonym of varians: Brown, 1953j: 15.

Type Material



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Brown W. L., Jr. 1953. Revisionary notes on the ant genus Myrmecia of Australia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 111: 1-35.
  • Debuse V. J., J. King, and A. P. N. Hous. 2007. Effect of fragmentation, habitat loss and within-patch habitat characteristics on ant assemblages in semi-arid woodlands of eastern Australia. Lanscape Ecology 22: 731-745.
  • Taylor R. W. 1987. A checklist of the ants of Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization) Division of Entomology Report 41: 1-92.