Myrmica ademonia

Every Ant Tells a Story - And Scientists Explain Their Stories Here
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Myrmica ademonia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Myrmicini
Genus: Myrmica
Species: M. ademonia
Binomial name
Myrmica ademonia
Bolton, 1995
Synonyms

Fig5 Myrmica-ademonia hal.jpg

Fig5 Myrmica-ademonia had.jpg

In the Russian Far East M. ademonia is a forest species, living in mixed and deciduous forests and nesting mainly in decayed wood, rarely in soil. In Korea it lives in mixed and deciduous forests (oak, maple, elm, pine, fir) mainly at altitudes between 600 and 1500 m, although it also has been found living in relatively wet places at lower altitudes (ca.0200 m). As in Russia, it usually nests in decayed wood and very rarely in soil under stones. The preference for decaying wood appears to be one of the main ecological differences from Myrmica sulcinodis that usually nests directly in coarse, sandy soil or under stones. (Radchenko and Elmes 2010)

Identification

Myrmica ademonia is most similar to Myrmica sulcinodis and is a member of the sulcinodis complex of the lobicornis species group. It differs from M. sulcinodis by its longer propodeal spines, less coarsely sculptured petiole, and well-developed petiolar peduncle.(Radencko and Elmes, 2010)

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Southern part of Russian Far East, Korean Peninsula.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, Russian Federation (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Known from workers, queens, and males.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • aspersa. Myrmica aspersa Kupyanskaya, 1990: 105, figs. 16, 17, 18 (w.q.m.) RUSSIA. [Junior primary homonym of Myrmica aspersa Smith, F. 1865: 72, above.] Replacement name: ademonia Bolton, 1995b: 277.
  • ademonia. Myrmica ademonia Bolton, 1995b: 277. Replacement name for aspersa Kupyanskaya, 1990: 105. [Junior primary homonym of aspersa Smith, F. 1865: 72.] See also: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 79.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

The propodeal spines are very long and sharp and are directed upwards at an acute angle.

Type Material

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Myrmica aspersa - One worker syntype in Oxford University Museum of Natural History, one worker syntype in The Natural History Museum. Both labelled “M” (= Morotai I.). Oxford University Museum of Natural History syntype has a Donisthorpe type-label.

Etymology

Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - apparently Bolton made-up this replacement name, loosely basing it on the word ademptio meaning "to take away" (Barry Bolton, pers. comm.). Interestingly, in medicine the name means sad, weary or depressed which may have described Bolton's mood at having to find another replacement name, but more appropriately, the Ademonia family have red and black among their heraldic colours.

References

  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 277, replacement name for M. aspersa)
  • Kupyanskaya, A. N. 1990b. Ants of the subgenus Dendrolasius Ruzsky, 1912 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, genus Lasius Fabricius, 1804) from the Soviet Far East. Entomol. Rev. (Wash.) 69 (4): 99-111 (page 105, junior primary homonym of Myrmica aspersa Smith)
  • Radchenko, A.G. & Elmes, G.W. 2010. Myrmica ants of the Old World. Fauna Mundi 3: 1-789.
  • Smith, F. 1865a. Descriptions of new species of hymenopterous insects from the islands of Sumatra, Sula, Gilolo, Salwatty, and New Guinea, collected by Mr. A. R. Wallace. J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. Zool. 8: 61-94 (page 72, see under Tetramorium)