Myrmica dongi

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Myrmica dongi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Myrmicini
Genus: Myrmica
Species: M. dongi
Binomial name
Myrmica dongi
Chen, Zhou & Huang, 2016

Chen, Z., Zhou, S., Huang, J hal.jpg

Chen, Z., Zhou, S., Huang, J had.jpg

Found foraging on the ground of alpine meadow at the altitudes of 3437m. Nesting site unknown.

Identification

Chen et al. (2016) - This species belongs to the pachei group. The worker of this group is easily distinguished from other Myrmica species by a combination of the following characters: mesosoma dorsum at least partly with transverse rugosity; scape gradually though distinctly curved at the base, not angled, with no trace of lobe or carina. Anterior clypeal margin rounded or slightly prominent with no medial notch; petiole with a relatively short peduncle. Myrmica dongi is very similar to Myrmica pleiorhytida, but differs from the latter by anterior surface of the petiole concave, dorsum of node with a distinct dorsal plate, slightly convex, posterior surface steep. Only the mesonotal dorsum with a fine transverse rugae, number of rugae on this area < 20, number of rugae between frontal carinae level the eyes ≤ 20.

This species is also closely related to Myrmica mifui, but differs from the latter by petiole with a stronger triangular ventral process; propleuron with rugose; mesonotal and propodeal dorsum with about 20 moderately coarse transverse sinuous rugae.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: China (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • dongi. Myrmica dongi Chen, Zhue & Huang, 2016: 96, figs. 8-13 (w.q.) CHINA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Holotype. HL 1.40, HW 1.25, FW 0.50, FLW 0.53, SL 1.15, PW 0.87, ML 1.75, PL 0.50, PH 0.45, ESL 0.40, CI 1.12, FI 0.40, FLI 1.06, SI1 0.82, SI2 0.92, ESLI 0.32. Paratypes. HL 1.30−1.41, HW 1.10−1.25, FW 0.48−0.50 FLW 0.50−0.53, SL 1.10−1.12, PW 0.82−0.90, ML 1.70−1.79, PL 0.42−0.51, PH 0.42−0.58, ESL 0.37−0.45, CI 1.13−1.17, FI 0.35−0.36, FLI 1.04−1.06, SI1 0.80−0.87, SI2 0.89−0.94, ESLI 0.27−0.34.

Holotype. Head longer than broad, with very weakly convex sides, almost straight posterior margin and rounded posterior corners; anterior clypeal margin rounded, slightly prominent, not notched medially. Frontal carinae curved outwards to merge with the rugae that surround antennal sockets. Frons wide, frontal lobes not extended. Antennal scape relatively long (SI2 = 0.92), slightly shorter than head width, gradually though distinctly curved at the base, without any trace of lobe or carina.

Mesosoma robust, promesonotum in profile view slightly convex, promesonotal suture in dorsal view indistinct. Metanotal groove distinct, wide, but shallow. Propodeal lobes rounded. Propodeal spines relatively short, straight, sharp, directly backwards at an angle of less than 45º. Petiole high, with very short peduncle; petiolar node in profile view cylindric, anterior surface concave, dorsum of node slightly convex, with a distinct broad dorsal plate, posterior surface steep. Postpetiole subglobular, with anterior and dorsal surfaces forming a regular arch. Spurs of middle and hind tibiae well-developed and pectinate. Frons with dense, fine, slightly sinuous, longitudinal rugae, number of rugae between frontal carinae level with the eyes ca. 20, posterior part of the head and its sides with fine reticulation, spaces between rugae sparsely superficially punctate, appearing more or less shiny and never dull. Clypeus with longitudinal rugae, spaces between them shiny. Frontal triangle smooth and shiny. Pronotal dorsum with reticulation, lateral sides longitudinally rugose-punctate. Mesonotal and propodeal dorsum with < 20 moderately coarse transverse sinuous rugae. Lower parts of mesopleura and lateral sides of propedeum with longitudinal rugae. Spaces between rugae on mesosoma with fine punctures, but appearing quite shiny. Petiole and postpetiole dull, densely punctate.

Head without subdecumbent pilosity at lateral margins, posterior margin with erect to suberect long hairs, genae with a few long hairs; dorsum of mesosoma with long hairs; petiole with 5−6 long hairs and a few short hairs. Antennal scapes and tibiae with subdecumbent hairs. Body colored blackish-brown, appendages somewhat lighter.

Paratypes. With similar morphological characters as holotype, but in some individuals, color reddish-brown to yellowish-brown; petiole only with 3 long hairs.

Queen

Paratype: HL1.25, HW 1.18, FW 0.53, FLW 0.55, SL 1.17, PW 0.95, ML 1.88, PL 0.5, PH 0.20, ESL 0.20, CI 1.06, FI 0.45, FLI 1.04, SI1 0.93, SI2 0.99, ESLI 0.17.

Paratype. Queen generally similar to workers in the shape and sculpture of the head, frontal lobes, propodeal spines (which are more blunt at the apex), petiole and postpetiole. Mesosoma long and low, coarsely sculptured; anterior half of scutum with sinuous longitudinal rugae and reticulations; posterior half of scutum, scutellum and propodeal dorsum with coarse, slightly sinuous longitudinal rugae; pronotum with coarse irregular rugae and reticulations; mesopleura and lower part of propodeum with longitudinal rugose. Petiolar node and postpetiole dull, more coarsely rugose than in the worker, ground sculptures developed.

Type Material

Holotype worker. Sejila Mountain, Linzhi County, Xizang Autonomous Region, 29°40'00"N, 94°23'08"E, 4200m, 14.vi.2009, leg. Shuang Zhao, No. G090156. Paratypes. 1 worker, 11.vi.2009, No. G090156; 1 worker, 14.vi.2009, No. G090137; 1 worker, 15.vi.2009, No. G090141; 1 queen, 17.vi.2009, No. G090149; the locality and collector the same as holotype Deposited in the Insect Collection of Guangxi Normal University.

Etymology

The specific epithet is the last name of a famous Chinese artist in the Ming Dynasty, Qichang Dong.

References