Myrmica kozlovi

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Myrmica kozlovi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Myrmicini
Genus: Myrmica
Species: M. kozlovi
Binomial name
Myrmica kozlovi
Ruzsky, 1915

Myrmica kozlovi P casent0900299.jpg

Myrmica kozlovi D casent0900299.jpg

Specimen Label

Synonyms

Poorly known. M. kozlovi has been found at the highest altitudes recorded for any Myrmica species worldwide (4800 m) which probably accounts for it being the only Myrmica species that has crossed the Himalayan barrier to live on both the western and eastern slopes. Donisthorpe (1929) wrote that “According to Major Higston [the collector of Myrmica specularis, a junior synonym] the ants found at the higher elevations [in the Himalaya] are exceedingly lethargic and sluggish in their movements.” (Radchenko and Elmes 2010; Bharti et al., 2016)

Identification

A member of the kurokii group.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

M. kozlovi is probably widespread in the Himalayn mountain system and isolated populations predictably can morphologically vary.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: India, Nepal, Tibet (type locality).
Palaearctic Region: China.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • kozlovi. Myrmica kozlovi Ruzsky, 1915a: 435, figs. 10, 11 (w.) TIBET. Senior synonym of specularis: Radchenko & Elmes, 2001a: 259; of mekongi, ruzskyi Weber, subalpina, subbrevispinosa: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 175.
  • mekongi. Myrmica kozlovi subsp. mekongi Ruzsky, 1915a: 437, fig. 12 (w.) TIBET. Junior synonym of kozlovi: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 175.
  • subalpina. Myrmica kozlovi subsp. subalpina Ruzsky, 1915a: 438, fig. 14 (w.) TIBET. Senior synonym of ruzskyi Weber (unnecessary replacement name): Bolton, 1995b: 283. Junior synonym of kozlovi: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 175. See also: Menozzi, 1939a: 294.
  • subbrevispinosa. Myrmica kozlovi subsp. subbrevispinosa Ruzsky, 1915a: 437, fig. 13 (w.) TIBET. Junior synonym of kozlovi: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 175.
  • specularis. Myrmica specularis Donisthorpe, 1929a: 446 (w.) TIBET. Junior synonym of kozlovi: Radchenko & Elmes, 2001a: 259.
  • ruzskyi. Myrmica kozlovi subsp. ruzskyi Weber, 1947: 471. [Unresolved junior primary homonym of ruzskyi Kiseleva, above.] Unnecessary replacement name for, and hence junior synonym of, subalpina Ruzsky, 1915a: 438: Bolton, 1995b: 282.

Type Material

Myrmica kozlovi

  • Lectotype (designated by Radchenko & Elmes, 2010) 1 worker, “tributary of riv. Dza-chju, Kam, riv. Yangtze, 12-13000’, leg. Kozlov, beginning of iii.01” (original label in Russian) (ZISP).
  • Paralectotypes (designated by Radchenko & Elmes, 2010): 34 workers “tributary of riv. Dza-chju, Kam, riv. Yangtze, 12-13000’, leg. Kozlov, beginning of iii.01”; 27 workers, “valley of riv. Yangtze, Kam, Tibet, leg. Kozlov, iii.01”; 1 worker, “riv. Dza-chju, 11000’, Kam, basin of riv. Yangtze, leg. Kozlov, middle of iv.01”; 10 workers, “riv. Dza-chju, riv. Yangtze, 12-13000’, leg. Kozlov, beginning of v.01” (all original labels in Russian) (ZISP, ZMMU, SIZK);

Myrmica kozlovi mekongi

  • Lectotype (designated by Radchenko & Elmes, 2010): worker, “riv. Bar-chju, basin of riv. Mekong, Kam, end of ix.1900, leg. Kozlov” (original label in Russian), “Myrm. kozlovi sub. mekongi n. sub. M. Ruzsky” (ZMMU).
  • Paralectotypes (designated by Radchenko & Elmes, 2010): 15 workers “riv. Bar-chju, basin of riv. Mekong, Kam, end of ix.1900, leg. Kozlov”; 1 worker, “riv. Ba-chju 12,000’ Kam, basin of riv. Yangtze, leg. Kozlov, 2-3.viii.00” (original label in Russian) (ZMMU, ZISP, SIZK);

Myrmica kozlovi subbrevispinosa

  • Holotype worker, “valley of riv. Yangtze, Kam, Eastern Tibet, leg. Kozlov, iii.01” (original label in Russian), “M. kozlovi v. subbrevispinosa n. var.” (ZMMU).

Myrmica specularis

  • Holotype worker, “Tibetan side of the Mt. Everest: Tibet, Gautsa, 13000 ft, 5.ìv.1924” (Hingston) (BMNH).
  • Paratypes: 4 workers “Tibetan side of the Mt. Everest: Tibet, Gautsa, 13000 ft, 5.ìv.1924” (BMNH).

Description

Etymology

Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - dedicated to Colonel Peter Kuzmich Kozlov (1863-1935), the outstanding Russian geographer and explorer, head of many expeditions to Central Asia (Mongolia, China, Tibet).

References