Similar to Myrmica sabuleti but much less thermophilous and inhabiting more shady, relatively cooler and humid microhabitats.
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Nomenclature
- 6 References
- 7 References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
Radchenko and Elmes (2010) – A member of the sabuleti complex of the scabrinodis species group (see also Radchenko and Elmes 2004). It is very similar to Myrmica sabuleti and differs from it mainly by the extremely well-developed, large lobe at the base of scape, which is raised above the level of the dorsal plane of scape, and by a somewhat narrower frons. However, the males of these two species are practically indistinguishable.
Keys including this Species
- Key to Myrmica of East Europe, West Siberia, northern Kazakhstan, Caucasus, Asia Minor, Turkmenistan and Iran
- Key to Myrmica of Romania
- Key to Myrmica of West Europe and North Africa
Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - Central and North Europe, Balkans (from NW Italy to Bulgaria), East Europe, Asia Minor, Caucasus, West Siberia, northern Kazakhstan, Altai Mts.; all previous records of M. sabuleti east of Ural Mts. belong to M. Zonae (see Radchenko 1994d).
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Palaearctic Region: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Finland (type locality), Germany, Greece, Hungary, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - Generally, M. lonae is a much less thermophilous species than Myrmica sabuleti and inhabits more shady, relatively cooler and humid microhabitats. For example, we found a population living on “humid heath” in the east of The Netherlands (Elmes et al. 1994) where M. lonae comprised about 15% of the population of Myrmica nests (M. ruginodis comprised about 50% and M. scabrinodis 35%). The vegetation was typical for humid heath and very little difference could be detected in the microhabitats used by these three species. M. sabuleti very rarely co-exists with Myrmica ruginodis in west Europe so the population of M. lonae was recognised as being unusual even before noting their huge scape lobes; M. sabuleti were not present on the site but nests could be found in warmer, drier areas of grassland in the same locality. On the other hand, M. sabuleti quite often coexists with M. scabrinodis on grassland sites (see notes to ecology of M. sabuleti). Four nests were excavated and ranged in population from 1 queen with 19 workers to 2 queens with almost 1600 workers.
In Finland, M. lonae is common in open pine and mixed forests where it builds nests in the moss and underlying soil. A common feature of these sites is that they are rather cold and wet in early summer but become quite hot and dry in mid and late summer. In more southerly mountains (e.g. Transcarpathia, Ukraine) we have observed M. lonae living in meadows at the forest edge and in higher mountain meadows up to 1200 m a.s.l. In these habitats nests are built in soil, often under stones, but also in decayed wood. M. sabuleti live sympatrically at these sites and appear to prefer the more open better grazed vegetation, but we have not made a detailed study of this. Nuptial flight occurs in August-September and swarms often contain both M. lonae and M. sabuleti gynes.
We indicated that M. lonae might be a morph produced in response to ecological conditions. Our evidence for this comes from unpublished observations on a site managed to produce a large population of M. sabuleti as a management strategy for the conservation of a Large Blue Buttert1y in the UK (see Thomas et al. 1998). Before management of this site in southwest England, the M. sabuleti population lived at the hotter end of a natural temperature gradient created on a south-facing slope. A few Myrmica schencki colonies lived in the hottest places while M. scabrinodis dominated the central open grassy parts, and M. ruginodis were found in the coolest conditions among gorse scrub (Ulex spp.) at the bottom of the slope. Management consisted of a mixture of burning and grazing to generally increase soil temperatures throughout the site and specifically to maximise the hot shortsward conditions favoured by M. sabuleti. After some years the distribution of Myrmica species reflected the desired outcome with M. sabuleti dominating the grassy middle part of the site, M. scabrinodis lived in the cooler conditions lower on the slope (of course there was an area of overlap between these two species) and the M. ruginodis population had decreased and nests were more or less restricted to the edges of the remaining clumps of gorse at the bottom of the slope. However, in the long grass in the glades between the gorse M. sabuleti were apparently living, in considerably more shaded cooler conditions than M. scabrinodis. These ants were generally somewhat larger, darker with a somewhat differing foraging behaviour than the M. sabuleti. By ecological differences, we would call these ants M. lonae but we were unable to make any separation from M. sabuleti using the character proposed by Seifert (see notes above) however, the scape lobes were much larger than in the typical M. sabuleti found on the site. We suggest that M. sabuleti might produce a female morph to exploit habitat that is quite cool and moist in spring but becomes quite hot and dry in summer. Based on other studies one would expect such a morph to be “physiologically more active” and this might in some way be linked to a more developed scape lobe. It would not be unusual if such characters were only expressed in the female caste and males from either lineage might mate freely with any type of female. However, this hypothesis would need testing by a series of careful breeding tests combined with physiological and molecular genetical studies.
Associations with other Organisms
Sielezniew et al. (2010) - This ant is parasitized by the butterfly Phengaris arion.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
- lonae. Myrmica scabrinodis subsp. lonae Finzi, 1926: 103, fig. 11 (w.q.m.) FINLAND. Subspecies of sabuleti: Santschi, 1931b: 346; Stitz, 1939: 96. Junior synonym of scabrinodolobicornis: Sadil, 1952: 249; of sabuleti: Bernard, 1967: 117; Seifert, 1988b: 31. Revived from synonymy: Seifert, 1994: 12; Seifert, 1996b: 146 (in key); Radchenko, Czechowski & Czechowska, 1997: 490; Seifert, 2000c: 198. See also: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 194.
Ebsen et al (2019) - Myrmica lonae was recently resurrected as a species separate from Myrmica sabuleti (Seifert, 2000), but where our mtDNA data could not find any evidence to support this. No specific M. lonae haplotypes were found in the four sequenced specimens (Figs. 1 and 2), which suggests that they share the same gene pool as M. sabuleti, as most of the samples were from sympatric populations in The Netherlands and Hungary, and the remaining GenBank sequence came from Finland where only M. lonae has been recorded (Seifert, 2000). The similarity between M. lonae and M. sabuleti is remarkable, because all specimens shared the most abundant Cyt-B M. sabuleti haplotype (Fig. 3), whereas established closely related species (Myrmica hirsuta, Myrmica spinosior, Myrmica vandeli) were differentiated with good bootstrap support. The M. lonae phenotype is associated with colder and wetter habitats than typical M. sabuleti (Elmes et al., 1998; Seifert, 2000; Radchenko & Elmes, 2010; JRE, personal observation), suggesting that this may be an ecotype of M. sabuleti. This interpretation is also supported by the fact that M. lonae and M. sabuleti have identical cuticular hydrocarbon profiles, while other Myrmica species examined can be readily separated based on surface chemistry (Guillem, 2014).
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - named for Carlo Lona (1885-1971) of Trieste, a coleopterologist and schoolteacher who participated in the 1923 Ravasini-Lona expedition to Albania; they made their ant collection available to Finzi.
- Bernard, F. 1967a . Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. (page 117, Junior synonym of sabuleti)
- Ebsen, J.R., Boomsma, J.J. & Nash, D.R. 2019. Phylogeography and cryptic speciation in the Myrmica scabrinodis Nylander, 1846 species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), and their conservation implications. Insect Conservation and Diversity 12: 467-480 (doi:10.1111/icad.12366).
- Finzi, B. 1926. Le forme europee del genere Myrmica Latr. Primo contributo. Boll. Soc. Adriat. Sci. Nat. Trieste 29: 71-119 (page 103, fig. 11 worker, queen, male described)
- Radchenko, A. G.; Czechowski, W.; Czechowska, W. 1997. The genus Myrmica Latr. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in Poland - a survey of species and a key for their identification. Ann. Zool. (Warsaw) 47: 481-500 (page 490, Revived from synonymy)
- Radchenko, A.G. & Elmes, G.W. 2010. Myrmica ants of the Old World. Fauna Mundi 3: 1-789.
- Sadil, J. V. 1952 . A revision of the Czechoslovak forms of the genus Myrmica Latr. (Hym.). Sb. Entomol. Oddel. Nár. Mus. Praze 27: 233-278 (page 249, Junior synonym of scabrinodolobicornis (Sadil gives lonae as senior name, but scabrinodolobicornis has priority). )
- Santschi, F. 1931c. Notes sur le genre Myrmica (Latreille). Rev. Suisse Zool. 38: 335-355 (page 346, Stirps/subspecies of sabuleti)
- Sielezniew, M., Patricelli, D., Dziekańska, I., Barbero, F., Bonelli, S., Casacci, L.P., Witek, M. and E. Balletto. 2010. The first record of Myrmica lonae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) as a host of the socially parasitic large blue butterfly Phengaris (Maculinea) arion (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Sociobiology. 56:465–475.
- Seifert, B. 1988b. A taxonomic revision of the Myrmica species of Europe, Asia Minor, and Caucasia (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Abh. Ber. Naturkundemus. Görlitz 62(3): 1-75 (page 31, Junior synonym of sabuleti)
- Seifert, B. 1994a . Die freilebenden Ameisenarten Deutschlands (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) und Angaben zu deren Taxonomie und Verbreitung. Abh. Ber. Naturkundemus. Görlitz 67(3): 1-44 (page 12, Revived from synonymy (in key))
- Seifert, B. 1996b. Ameisen beobachten, bestimmen. Augsburg: Naturbuch Verlag, 351 pp. (page 146, Revived from synonymy)
- Seifert, B 2000a. A taxonomic revision of the ant subgenus Coptoformica Mueller, 1923 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zoosystema 22:517-568.(page 198, Revived from synonymy)
- Seifert, B 2000c. Myrmica lonae Finzi, 1926 - a species separate from Myrmica sabuleti Meinert, 1861 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Abh. Ber. Naturkundemus. Görlitz 72(2): 195-205 (see also)
- Stitz, H. 1939. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands und der angrenzenden Meersteile nach ihren Merkmalen und nach ihrer Lebensweise. 37. Theil. Hautflüger oder Hymenoptera. I: Ameisen oder Formicidae. Jena: G. Fischer, 428 pp. (page 96, Stirps/subspecies of sabuleti)
References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
- AntArea. Accessed on February 5th 2014 at http://antarea.fr/fourmi/
- Antarea (at www.antarea.fr on June 11th 2017)
- Antonov I. A. 2011. First record of Myrmica lonae Finzi, 1926 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) for the Baikal region. Euroasian Entomological Journal 10(1): 104.
- Antonova V., and L. Penev. 2008. Classification of assemblages of ants in the green areas in Sofia City. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 60(2): 103-110.
- ArtDatabanken Bugs (via GBIG)
- Boer P. 2019. Species list of the Netherlands. Accessed on January 22 2019 at http://www.nlmieren.nl/websitepages/specieslist.html
- Boer P., W. Dekoninck, A. J. Van Loon, and F. Vankerkhoven. 2003. Lijst van mieren (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) van Belgie en Nederland, hun Nederlandse namen en hun voorkomen. Entomologische Berichten (Amsterdam) 63: 54-58.
- Boer P., W. Dekoninck, A. J. van Loon, and F. Vankerkhoven. 2003. Lijst van mieren (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) van Belgie en Nederland, hun Nederlandse namen en hun voorkomen. Entomologische Berichten 63(3): 54-57.
- Boer P., W. Dekoninck, A. J. van Loon, and F. Vankerkhoven. 2003. List of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Belgium and The Netherlands, their status and Dutch vernacular names. Entomologische Berichten 63 (3): 54-58.
- Boer P., and J. Noordijk. 2004. De ruige gaststeekmier Myrmica hirsuta nieuw voor Nederland (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Ned. Faun. Meded. 20: 25-32.
- Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
- Borowiec L., and S. Salata. 2012. Ants of Greece - Checklist, comments and new faunistic data (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus 23(4): 461-563.
- Bracko G. 2007. Checklist of the ants of Slovenia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Natura Sloveniae 9: 15-24
- Bracko G., H. C. Wagner, A. Schulz, E. Gioahim, J. Maticic, and A. Tratnik. 2014. New investigation and a revised checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Republic of Macedonia. North-Western Journal of Zoology 10(1): 10-24.
- Bracko G., K. Kiran, C. Karaman, S. Salata, and L. Borowiec. 2016. Survey of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Greek Thrace. Biodiversity Data Journal 4: e7945. doi: 10.3897/BDJ.4.e7945
- Bracko, G. 2006. Review of the ant fauna (Hymenoptera:Formicidae) of Croatia. Acta Entomologica Slovenica 14(2): 131-156.
- Bracko, G. "New species for the ant fauna of Slovenia (Hymenoptera:Formicidae)." Natura Sloneniae 5 (1) (2003): 17-25.
- Bracko, G. "Review of the ant fauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Croatia." Acta Entomologica Slovenica Vol 14 st (2006): 131-156.
- Casevitz-Weulersse J., and C. Galkowski. 2009. Liste actualisee des Fourmis de France (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Bull. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 114: 475-510.
- Csősz S., B. Markó, and L. Gallé. 2011. The myrmecofauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Hungary: an updated checklist. North-Western Journal of Zoology 7: 55-62.
- Czechowski W., A. Radchenko, W. Czechowska and K. Vepsäläinen. 2012. The ants of Poland with reference to the myrmecofauna of Europe. Fauna Poloniae 4. Warsaw: Natura Optima Dux Foundation, 1-496 pp
- Czekes Z., Radchenko, A. G., Csősz, S. Szász-Len, A., Tăuşan, I., Benedek, K., and Markó, B. 2013. The genus Myrmica Latreille, 1804 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Romania: distribution of species and key for their identification. Entomologica Romanica 17: 29-50.
- Dauber, J., J. Bengtsson and L. Lenoir. 2006. Evaluating Effects of Habitat Loss and Land-Use Continuity on Ant Species Richness in Seminatural Grassland Remnants. Conservation Biology 20(4):1150-1160
- Dubovikoff D. A., and Z. M. Yusupov. 2018. Family Formicidae - Ants. In Belokobylskij S. A. and A. S. Lelej: Annotated catalogue of the Hymenoptera of Russia. Proceedingss of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences 6: 197-210.
- Ebsen J. R., J. J. Boomsma, and D. R. Nash. 2019. Phylogeography and cryptic speciation in the Myrmica scabrinodis Nylander, 1846 species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), and their conservation implications. Insect Conservation and Diversity doi: 10.1111/icad.12366
- Else G., B. Bolton, and G. Broad. 2016. Checklist of British and Irish Hymenoptera - aculeates (Apoidea, Chrysidoidea and Vespoidea). Biodiversity Data Journal 4: e8050. doi: 10.3897/BDJ.4.e8050
- Finzi B. 1926. Le forme europee del genere Myrmica Latr. Primo contributo. Bollettino della Società Adriatica di Scienze Naturali in Trieste. 29: 71-119.
- Giacalone I., and M. Moretti. 2001. Contributo alla conoscenza della mirmecofauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) dei castagneti al Sud delle Alpi (ticino, Svizzera). Bollettino della Societa ticinese di Scienze naturali 89(1-2): 51-60.
- Glaser F. 2009. Die Ameisen des Fürstentums Liechtenstein. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Amtlicher Lehrmittelverlag, Vaduz, 2009 (Naturkundliche Forschung im Fürstentum Liechtenstein; Bd. 26).
- Glaser F., A. Freitag, and H. Martz. 2012. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Münstertal (Val Müstair) a hot spot of regional species richness between Italy and Switzerland. Gredleriana 12: 273 - 284.
- Grzes I. M. 2009. Ant species richness and evenness increase along a metal pollution gradient in the Boles?aw zinc smelter area. Pedobiologia 53: 65-73.
- Hågvar S. 2005. Altitudinal zonation of ants (Formicidae) in a steep fjord landscape in Sogndal, Western Norway. Norw. J. Entomol. 52: 3-12.
- Kvamme T. 1999. Notes on Norwegian ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Norwegian Journal of Entomology 46: 19-23.
- Lenoir L. 2009. Ant Species Composition and Richness in Different Types of Semi Natural Grasslands. Russian Journal of Ecology 40(7): 471-476.
- Markó B., B. Sipos, S. Csősz, K. Kiss, I. Boros, and L. Gallé. 2006. A comprehensive list of the ants of Romania (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecologische Nachrichten 9: 65-76.
- Markó B., S. Csősz. 2001: Nine new ant species in the Romanian fauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): morphology, biology and distribution. Entomologica Romanica 6: 127-132.
- Markó B., and S. Csősz. 2002. Die europäischen Ameisenarten (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) des Hermannstädter (Sibiu, Rumänien) Naturkundemuseums I.: Unterfamilien Ponerinae, Myrmicinae und Dolichoderinae. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 94: 109-121.
- Radchenko A. G., and G. W. Elmes. 2010. Myrmica ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Old World. Fauna Mundi 3. Warsaw: Natura Optima Dux Foundation, 790 pp.
- Saaristo M. I. 1995. Distribution maps of the outdoor myrmicid ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Finland, with notes on their taxonomy and ecology. Entomol. Fennica 6: 153-162.
- Salata S. 2014. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the National Park of the Stołowe Mts. Przyroda Sudetow 17: 161-172.
- Salata S. 2014. Mrówki (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) Parku Narodowego Gór Sto?owych. PRZYRODA SUDETÓW t. 17: 161-172.
- Santschi F. 1931. Notes sur le genre Myrmica (Latreille). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 38: 335-355.
- Seifert B. 1998. Rote Liste der Ameisen. - in: M. Binot, R. Bless, P. Boye, H. Gruttke und P. Pretscher: Rote Liste gefährdeter Tiere Deutschlands. Bonn-Bad Godesberg 1998: 130-133.
- Seifert B. 2000. Myrmica lonae Finzi, 1926 - a species separate from Myrmica sabuleti Meinert, 1861 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Abhandlungen und Berichte des Naturkundemuseums Görlitz 72(2): 195-205.
- Sielezniew M., D. Patricelli, I. Dziekanska, F. Barbero, S. Bonelli, L. P. Casacci, M. Witek, and E. Balletto. 2010. The frst record of Myrmica lonae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) as a host of the socially parasitic large blue butterfly Phengaris (Maculinea) arion (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Sociobiology 56(2): 465-.
- Slipinski P., B. Marko, K. Rzeszowski, H. Babik, and W. Czechowski. 2014. Lasius fuliginosus(Hymenoptera: Formicidae) shapes local ant assemblages. North-Western Journal of Zoology 10(2): 404-412.
- Sonnenburg H. 2005. Die Ameisenfauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) Niedersachsens und Bremens. Braunschweiger Naturkundliche Schriften 7: 377-441.
- Steiner F. M., S. Schödl, and B. C. Schlick-Steiner. 2002. Liste der Ameisen Österreichs (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), Stand Oktober 2002. Beiträge zur Entomofaunistik 3: 17-25.
- Tartally, A., D.R. Nash, S. Lengyel and Z. Varga. 2008. Patterns of host ant use by sympatric populations of Maculinea alcon and M. rebeli in the Carpathian Basin. Insectes Sociaux 55:370-381
- Tausan I., M. M. Jerpel, I. R. Puscasu, C. Sadeanu, R. E. Brutatu, L. A. Radutiu, and V. Giurescu. 2012. Ant fauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Sibiu County (Transylvania, Romania). Brukenthal. Acta Musei 7(3): 499-520.
- Wiezik M. 2006. Myrmica lonae (Hymenoptera, Formicidae)-first records in Slovakia. Biologica, Bratislava 61: 630
- Wiezik M., A. Wiezikova, and M. Svitok. 2010. Effects of secondary succession in abandoned grassland on the activity of ground-foraging ant assemblages (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Acta Soc. Zool. Bohem. 74: 153-160
- Wiezik M., M. Svitok, A. Wiezikova, and M. Dovciak. 2013. Shrub encroachment alters composition and diversity of ant communities in abandoned grasslands of western Carpathians. Biodivers Conserv 22: 23052320.
- Zryanin V. A., and T. A. Zryanina. 2007. New data on the ant fauna Hymenoptera, Formicidae in the middle Volga River Basin. Uspekhi Sovremennoi Biologii 127(2): 226-240.