Myrmica nitida

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Myrmica nitida
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Myrmicini
Genus: Myrmica
Species: M. nitida
Binomial name
Myrmica nitida
Radchenko & Elmes, 1999

Myrmica nitida P casent0900336.jpg

Myrmica nitida D casent0900336.jpg

Specimen Label

Myrmica nitida is distributed in alpine zone of Northwest Himalaya. The nests are located under stones in grasslands with scattered Juniper and Rhododendron, with ground cover of herbs and shrubs. The recorded nest temperature and humidity was 23.6°C and 89%, respectively. The altitudinal range for this species is 2600-3600m above mean sea level (Bharti et al., 2016).

A colony was found living in the same habitat in Kashmir as Myrmica rhytida, at 3600 m, under a stone, on small ridge on the west side of a lake, with scattered juniper and rhododendron shrubs and a ground cover of various herbs and flowers (Philip Ward).


By the general shape of their alitrunk, workers of M. nitida are similar to species from the cachmiriensis complex of the rugosa-group, but its males have a long antennal scape. By this feature of males, M. nitida should be related to the smythiesii-group but the workers do not fit with this group, because their frontal carinae do not curve outwards and do not merge with the rugae surrounding the antennal sockets. Moreover, the workers' alitrunk appears smooth and shiny with only fine superficial striation on the sides; similarly reduced sculpture is rather rare and occurs only in a few Myrmica species (i.e. Myrmica villosa, Myrmica inucta). Thus, we consider the taxonomic position of M. nitida as uncertain. (Radchenko and Elmes 2010)

Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: India (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • nitida. Myrmica nitida Radchenko & Elmes, 1999a: 35, fig. 3 (1-10) (w.q.m.) INDIA. See also: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 205.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


Type Material

Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - Holotype, W, “Kashmir, 1 km NE Yehmer Pass, 34°13'N, 75°10'E, 3600 m, 06.08.1978, leg. P. Ward, acc. No 3044; alpine vegetation, under stone” (London); paratypes: 9 W from the same nest as holotype; 17 W, 4 q (alate) ,1 2 m, “Kashmir, Sanang, 2600-2750 111, leg. W. Wittmer” (London, Basle, Ward, Kiev, Elmes).


Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - M. nitida: from the Latin word nitidus = shining, to describe its generally smooth and shiny appearance.