Myrmica smythiesii

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Myrmica smythiesii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Myrmicini
Genus: Myrmica
Species group: tibetana
Species complex: smythiesii
Species: M. smythiesii
Binomial name
Myrmica smythiesii
Forel, 1902

Myrmica smythiesii P casent0907657.jpg

Myrmica smythiesii D casent0907657.jpg

Specimen Label


Myrmica smythiesii is distributed in forest composed of conifers (Pinus, Cedrus) and Rhododendron species at the subtemperate zone of Northwest Himalaya. The nests were located under stones and in rotten wood covered with leaves. The temperature and humidity recorded at the collection site were 25°C and 67%, respectively, the nest temperature varied from 15°C to 20°C. Alates appear in the months of May, June and July. At few localities, Myrmica smythiesii is sympatric with Myrmica rugosa. The altitudinal range for this species is 2133-3749m above mean sea level. (Bharti et al., 2016)


A member of the smythiesii group.

Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: India (type locality), Nepal.
Palaearctic Region: China.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • smythiesii. Myrmica smythiesii Forel, 1902c: 226 (w.) INDIA. Radchenko & Elmes, 2002: 37 (q.). Senior synonym of himalayana: Radchenko & Elmes, 2001a: 253. See also: Bingham, 1903: 269; Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 282.
  • himalayana. Myrmica smythiesi subsp. himalayana Weber, 1947: 460 (w.) INDIA. Junior synonym of smythiesii: Radchenko & Elmes, 2001a: 253.

Type Material

Myrmica smythiesii

  • Lectotype (designated by Radchenko & Elmes, 2001): worker, “Himalaya (Smythies)”, “M. smythiesii Forel”, “LX/1, LX/12” (MHNG).
  • Paralectotypes (designated by Radchenko & Elmes, 2001): 2 workers “Himalaya (Smythies)”, “M. smythiesii Forel”, “LX/1, LX/12” ; 1 worker, “M. smythiesi Forel, Himalaya, 7000-12,000 ft (Smythies)”, “M.C.Z type 20533” (MCZ); 2 workers (upper with gaster and waist stuck separately; bottom - without postpetiole and gaster), “M. smythiesii For. Himalaya” (MSNG).

Myrmica smythiesi himalayana

  • Lectotype (designated by Radchenko & Elmes, 2001): worker, “India, Simla (Wroughton)” (MCZ).
  • Paralectotypes: (designated by Radchenko & Elmes, 2001): 2 workers “India, Simla (Wroughton)” (MCZ).



Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - this species was dedicated to “Smythies” who collected the material; most probably this was the Englishman Arthur Smythies, who started work for the Indian Forest Service in 1873 retiring from the post of Conservator in 1902, who was the father of the more famous forester and ornithologist E. A. Smythies.