Myrmica smythiesii is distributed in forest composed of conifers (Pinus, Cedrus) and Rhododendron species at the subtemperate zone of Northwest Himalaya. The nests were located under stones and in rotten wood covered with leaves. The temperature and humidity recorded at the collection site were 25°C and 67%, respectively, the nest temperature varied from 15°C to 20°C. Alates appear in the months of May, June and July. At few localities, Myrmica smythiesii is sympatric with Myrmica rugosa. The altitudinal range for this species is 2133-3749m above mean sea level. (Bharti et al., 2016)
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Nomenclature
- 6 References
A member of the smythiesii group.
Keys including this Species
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
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The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- smythiesii. Myrmica smythiesii Forel, 1902c: 226 (w.) INDIA. Radchenko & Elmes, 2002: 37 (q.). Senior synonym of himalayana: Radchenko & Elmes, 2001a: 253. See also: Bingham, 1903: 269; Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 282.
- himalayana. Myrmica smythiesi subsp. himalayana Weber, 1947: 460 (w.) INDIA. Junior synonym of smythiesii: Radchenko & Elmes, 2001a: 253.
- Lectotype (designated by Radchenko & Elmes, 2001): worker, “Himalaya (Smythies)”, “M. smythiesii Forel”, “LX/1, LX/12” (MHNG).
- Paralectotypes (designated by Radchenko & Elmes, 2001): 2 workers “Himalaya (Smythies)”, “M. smythiesii Forel”, “LX/1, LX/12” ; 1 worker, “M. smythiesi Forel, Himalaya, 7000-12,000 ft (Smythies)”, “M.C.Z type 20533” (MCZ); 2 workers (upper with gaster and waist stuck separately; bottom - without postpetiole and gaster), “M. smythiesii For. Himalaya” (MSNG).
Myrmica smythiesi himalayana
- Lectotype (designated by Radchenko & Elmes, 2001): worker, “India, Simla (Wroughton)” (MCZ).
- Paralectotypes: (designated by Radchenko & Elmes, 2001): 2 workers “India, Simla (Wroughton)” (MCZ).
Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - this species was dedicated to “Smythies” who collected the material; most probably this was the Englishman Arthur Smythies, who started work for the Indian Forest Service in 1873 retiring from the post of Conservator in 1902, who was the father of the more famous forester and ornithologist E. A. Smythies.
- Bharti, H., Sasi, S., Radchenko, A. 2016. Biogeography and ecology of Myrmica species (Formicidae: Myrmicinae) in Himalayan regions. Sociobiology 63, 956-975 (DOI 10.13102/sociobiology.v63i3.1145).
- Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. (page 269, see also)
- Collingwood, C. A. 1961a . The third Danish Expedition to Central Asia. Zoological Results 27. Formicidae (Insecta) from Afghanistan. Vidensk. Medd. Dan. Naturhist. Foren. 123: 51-79 PDF
- Forel, A. 1902c. Myrmicinae nouveaux de l'Inde et de Ceylan. Rev. Suisse Zool. 10: 165-249 (page 226, worker described)
- Radchenko, A. G.; Elmes, G.W. 2001b. A taxonomic revision of the ant genus Myrmica Latreille, 1804 from the Himalaya (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Entomol. Basil. 23: 237-276 (page 253, Senior synonym of himalayana)
- Radchenko, A. G.; Elmes, G. W. 2002. First descriptions of the sexual forms of seven Himalayan Myrmica species (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Vestn. Zool. 36(5): 35-46 (page 37, queen described)
- Radchenko, A.G. & Elmes, G.W. 2010. Myrmica ants of the Old World. Fauna Mundi 3: 1-789.
- Seifert, B., Schltz, R., Ritz, M.S., Ritz, C.M. 2018. Cryptic species of the Myrmica tibetana complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) revealed by integrative taxonomy. Myrmecological News, 27: 93-110.