Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - From our observations to date the ecology and biology of M. spinosior is very similar to that of Myrmica sabuleti. It usually builds nests under stones or in the soil, in mountain grassland pastures at about 1000-2000 m. Colonies can vary from a few hundred to a thousand or more workers with several functional queens. Sexuals are in the nest in August and nuptial flights probably take place at the same time as those as M. sabuleti. In our experience there is no reason to think that M. spinosior is an ecological variant of M. sabuleti (e.g. Myrmica lonae) that is more thermophilic than M. sabuleti, we are more inclined to the opinion that it is derived from a separate lineage isolated during one of the more recent glaciations with a considerable overlap of range and possible hybridisation (see notes to M. lobicornis and M. obscura).
Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - A member of the sabuleti complex of the scabrinodis species group that most resembles [[Myrmica sabuleti from which it well differs by its distinctly wider frons (similar to or even wider than in Myrmica scabrinodis (mean FI 0.37 vs. 0.33 in M. sabuleti). However, M. spinosior differs from M. scabrinodis by the less extended frontal lobes (mean FLI l.33 VS. l.42 respectively).
Keys including this Species
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
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This species is a host for the fungus Rickia wasmannii (a pathogen) (Espadaler & Santamaria, 2012).
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- spinosior. Myrmica sabuleti var. spinosior Santschi, 1931a: 3 (w.q.m.) FRANCE. [Also described as new by Santschi, 1931b: 346.] Junior synonym of sabuleti: Seifert, 1988b: 31; Casevitz-Weulersse, 1990a: 137. Revived from synonymy and raised to species: Seifert, 2005: 7. See also: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 289.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - from the Latin word spinosus (thorn) with the adjectival comparative suffix ior giving spinosior = thornier, to describe the relatively longer propodeal spines of this species.
- Ebsen, J.R., Boomsma, J.J. & Nash, D.R. 2019. Phylogeography and cryptic speciation in the Myrmica scabrinodis Nylander, 1846 species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), and their conservation implications. Insect Conservation and Diversity (DOI 10.1111/icad.12366).
- Espadaler, X., Santamaria, S. 2012. Ecto- and Endoparasitic Fungi on Ants from the Holarctic Region. Psyche Article ID 168478, 10 pages (doi:10.1155/2012/168478).
- Radchenko, A.G. & Elmes, G.W. 2010. Myrmica ants of the Old World. Fauna Mundi 3: 1-789.
- Santschi, F. 1931a. Inventa entomologica itineris Hispanici et Maroccani, quod a. 1926 fecerunt Harald et Håkan Lindberg. Fourmis du Bassin Méditerranéen occidental et du Maroc récoltées par MM. Lindberg. Comment. Biol. 3(1 14: 1-13 (page 3, worker, queen, male described)
- Seifert, B. 1988b. A taxonomic revision of the Myrmica species of Europe, Asia Minor, and Caucasia (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Abh. Ber. Naturkundemus. Görlitz 62(3): 1-75 (page 31, Junior synonym of sabuleti)
- Seifert, B. 2005. Rank elevation in two European ant species: Myrmica lobulicornis Nylander, 1857, stat. n. and Myrmica spinosior Santschi, 1931, stat. n. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecol. Nachr. 7: 1-7 (page 7, Raised to species)
- Seifert, B., Yazdi, A. B. & Schultz, R. 2014. Myrmica martini sp.n. – a cryptic species of the Myrmica scabrinodis species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) revealed by geometric morphometrics and nest-centroid clustering. Myrmecological News 19, 171-183.