Myrmicaria natalensis

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Myrmicaria natalensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Myrmicaria
Species: M. natalensis
Binomial name
Myrmicaria natalensis
(Smith, F., 1858)

Myrmicaria natalensis casent0217894 p 1 high.jpg

Myrmicaria natalensis casent0217894 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


A wide ranging Afrotropical species that is known in southern Africa as the Natal droptail ant.



Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 25.45° to -30.8711339°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Guinea, Ivory Coast, Namibia, South Africa (type locality), Uganda.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.


Flight Period

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec



Images from AntWeb

Myrmicaria natalensis casent0235940 d 1 high.jpgMyrmicaria natalensis casent0235940 p 1 high.jpgMyrmicaria natalensis casent0235940 h 1 high.jpgMyrmicaria natalensis casent0235940 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0235940. Photographer Shannon Hartman, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by AFRC, Pretoria, South Africa.
Myrmicaria natalensis casent0900501 p 1 high.jpgMyrmicaria natalensis casent0900501 d 1 high.jpgMyrmicaria natalensis casent0900501 h 1 high.jpgMyrmicaria natalensis casent0900501 l 1 high.jpgMyrmicaria natalensis casent0900501 p 2 high.jpg
Syntype of Myrmicaria natalensisQueen (alate/dealate). Specimen code casent0900501. Photographer Ryan Perry, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by NHMUK, London, UK.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • natalensis. Physatta natalensis Smith, F. 1858b: 172 (q.) SOUTH AFRICA. Santschi, 1925c: 143 (q.m.). Combination in Myrmicaria: Mayr, 1866b: 905. Junior synonym of eumenoides: Mayr, 1866b: 905 (note that natalensis has priority). Revived from synonymy and senior synonym of sulcatus: Emery, 1922e: 123. Current subspecies: nominal plus eumenoides, navicula, nigriventris, obscuriceps, taeniata, verticalis. [M. natalensis referred by error to Myrmica by Santschi, 1925c: 143.]
  • sulcatus. Heptacondylus sulcatus Mayr, 1862: 756 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA (not Cuba as stated; see Mayr, 1893: 195). Junior synonym of eumenoides: Dalla Torre, 1893: 155; of natalensis: Emery, 1922e: 123.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Bernard F. 1953. La réserve naturelle intégrale du Mt Nimba. XI. Hyménoptères Formicidae. Mémoires de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire 19: 165-270.
  • Braet Y., and B. Taylor. 2008. Mission entomologique au Parc National de Pongara (Gabon). Bilan des Formicidae (Hymenoptera) recoltes. Bulletin S. R. B. E./K.B.V.E. 144: 157-169.
  • IZIKO South Africa Museum Collection
  • Samways M. J. 1990. Species temporal variability: epigaeic ant assemblages and management for abundance and scarcity. Oecologia 84: 482-490.
  • Santschi F. 1925. Révision des Myrmicaria d'Afrique. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique. 64: 133-176.
  • Santschi F. 1933. Contribution à l'étude des fourmis de l'Afrique tropicale. Bulletin et Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique. 73: 95-108.
  • Santschi F. 1937. Résultats de la Mission scientifique suisse en Angola (2me voyage) 1932-1933. Fourmis angolaises. Revue Suisse de Zoologie. 44: 211-250.
  • Santschi, F. "Résultats de la Mission scientifique suisse en Angola, 1928-1929. Formicides de l'Angola." Revue Suisse de Zoologie 37 (1930): 53-81.