Myrmoteras barbouri

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Myrmoteras barbouri
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Myrmoteratini
Genus: Myrmoteras
Species: M. barbouri
Binomial name
Myrmoteras barbouri
Creighton, 1930

Myrmoteras-barbouriL2.jpg

Myrmoteras-barbouriD2.jpg

Type Specimen Label

Synonyms

Workers have been found in forest leaf litter and are presumed, based on their behavior, to be predacious (Moffett 1986).

Identification

Moffett (1985) - Myrmoteras barbouri is readily distinguished from all other species in the binghami group by its conspicuous granulate sculpturing.

Workers from Borneo and peninsular Malaysia are similar to the Javanese holotype (including palpal segmentation of 5,3 in all workers examined), but, with the exception of the queen described above, are significantly smaller (HW for workers 1.01 to 1.07 mm; TL 5.8 to 6.1 mm, except Singapore specimen 5.5 mm) and with slightly narrower heads (CI 92 to 96 for all workers); fine rugae on metanotum transverse (continuing partially down sides in Singapore specimen); metanotal groove conspicuously impressed; and with petiole node similar to that described for Myrmoteras binghamii: less massive and with a steeper posterior face than in holotype. The Singapore specimen has an exceptionally narrow petiole node. Specimens from Borneo are slightly darker in color, have a more strongly developed iridescence and a somewhat stronger granulate sculpturing (but still not as strong as in Myrmoteras ceylonicum); the sculpture continues on occiput (and even feebly beneath head on Sabah queen described above) and on to sides of pronotum and propodeum.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Borneo, Indonesia (type locality), Malaysia.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • barbouri. Myrmoteras barbouri Creighton, 1930a: 185, fig. 2; pl. 11, fig. 6 (w.) INDONESIA (Java). Moffett, 1985b: 21 (q.). Combination in M. (Myrmoteras): Moffett, 1985b: 20. Senior synonym of kemneri: Moffett, 1985b: 20. See also: Moffett, 1986b: 85.
  • kemneri. Myrmoteras kemneri Wheeler, W.M. 1933e: 73, fig. 1 (w.) INDONESIA (Java). Junior synonym of barbouri: Moffett, 1985b: 20.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Moffett (1985):

Description

Worker

Holotype: TL 6.7, HW 1.28, HL 1.25 (CI 102), ML 1.58 (MI 126), SL 1.56 (SI 122), EL 0.76, HFL 1.68 (TWI 21), WL 1.86 mm. Frontal sulcus very feeble, discernible only to height of antennal bases. Palpal segmentation 5,3. Mandibles with 10 teeth and one preapical denticle; apical pair of denticles on both mandibles apparently worn off or broken (not absent as has been supposed by Creighton [1930] and others). Other material of this species has mandibles with 9 to 11 teeth (usually 10) and 1 to 2 preapical denticles (usually 1). The denticle between the penultimate tooth and the one proximad to it is almost half the height of the adjacent teeth and is thus unusually prominent (much less than half the height in other species).

Pronotum slightly flattened above; propodeum evenly convex. Metanotal groove not visible as a conspicuously impressed notch in profile. Node of petiole high and massive, in side view with sloping, straight to slightly concave anterior and posterior faces and with summit narrow relative to base and somewhat flattened (moderately rounded above when viewed from the front). Ventral margin of petiole feebly convex beneath node.

Dorsal surface of head granulate, grain very even and fine (diameters ca. 0.01 to 0.02 mm), similar to Myrmoteras ceylonicum but more delicate; clypeus medially more feebly granulate; back of head virtually smooth. Sculpture on pronotum and propodeum similar to dorsum of head but relatively feeble, particularly on sides; in some lights propodeum appearing to have very feeble transverse rugae across dorsum. Mesothorax with several weak to moderately strong oblique rugae on sides, virtually smooth, but with traces of fine longitudinal rugae dorsally. Pilosity moderately dense, with 20 hairs breaking dorsal margin of trunk in profile. Hairs short, rising 0.08 mm on head and 0.13 mm on trunk and gaster. Two hairs on or near each metathoracic tubercle, node of petiole with ca. 4 to 8 hairs. Reddish orange, with gaster and antennae yellowish orange, legs same but darker; petiole and mandibles orange.

Queen

Previously undescribed. A single dealate queen from Sabah is tentatively identified with this species. TL 6.9, HW 1.22, HL 1.25 (CI 98), ML 1.69 (MI 136), SL 1.48 (SI 121), EL 0.77, HFL 1.59 (TWI 20), WL 1.93 mm. Granulate sculpture similar but relatively stronger than holotype, as in other material from Borneo (see below). Trunk granulate dorsally, much more feebly granulate on sides; propodeum conspicuously sculptured, transversely granulo-rugose dorsally, obliquely so on sides, with declivity virtually smooth. Uniform rich dark orange red, mandibles, antennae and legs slightly lighter.

Type Material

Java, Singdanglaha [Sindanglaja?], 1 worker (T. Barbour, Museum of Comparative Zoology [examined]).

References