Neivamyrmex legionis

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Neivamyrmex legionis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Neivamyrmex
Species: N. legionis
Binomial name
Neivamyrmex legionis
(Smith, F., 1855)

Neivamyrmex legionis casent0902653 p 1 high.jpg

Neivamyrmex legionis casent0902653 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Identification

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 4.053° to -29.65°.

   
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Argentina, Brazil (type locality), Paraguay.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

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Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

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Biology

Association with Other Organisms

  • This species is a host for the diapriid wasp Szelenyiopria reichenspergeri (a parasite) in Brazil, Argentina (Loiacono, 1987; Loiacono, 2013; Gonzalez et al., 2016; www.diapriid.org).
  • This species is a host for the diapriid wasp Euplacopria mutilata (a parasite) (www.diapriid.org).
  • This species is a host for the diapriid wasp Philolestoides wasmanni (a parasite) (www.diapriid.org).
  • This species is a host for the phorid fly Cremersia costalis (a parasitoid) (Quevillon, 2018) (encounter mode primary; direct transmission; transmission outside nest).
  • This species is a host for the phorid fly Dacnophora legionis (a parasitoid) (Quevillon, 2018) (encounter mode primary; direct transmission; transmission outside nest).

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • legionis. Eciton legionis Smith, F. 1855c: 164 (w.) BRAZIL (no state data).
    • Type-material: 2 syntype workers.
    • Type-locality: Brazil: Pará, Santarém (H.W. Bates).
    • Type-depository: BMNH.
    • Emery, 1900a: 183 (m.); Reichensperger, 1930: 321 (q.); Borgmeier, 1930: 22 (q.).
    • Combination in E. (Acamatus): Emery, 1894c: 183 (in key);
    • combination in Neivamyrmex: Borgmeier, 1953: 10.
    • Junior synonym of Eciton quadriglume: Forel, 1892m: 29 (in text, error).
    • Status as species: Smith, F. 1858b: 151; Mayr, 1863: 409; Roger, 1863b: 36; Mayr, 1865: 77 (in key); Mayr, 1886b: 120 (in key); Emery, 1888c: 353; Dalla Torre, 1893: 4; Emery, 1894c: 183 (in key); von Jhering, 1894: 381; Forel, 1895b: 120; Emery, 1900a: 177 (in key); Emery, 1910b: 24; Forel, 1911c: 290; Forel, 1912c: 45; Mann, 1916: 422; Luederwaldt, 1918: 37; Borgmeier, 1923: 47; Wheeler, W.M. 1925a: 2; Borgmeier, 1930: 22; Santschi, 1933e: 106; Borgmeier, 1955: 329 (redescription); Kempf, 1972a: 156; Watkins, 1976: 11 (in key); Brandão, 1991: 360; Bolton, 1995b: 289; Wild, 2007b: 26.
    • Distribution: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay.

Description

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Borgmeier T. 1923. Catalogo systematico e synonymico das formigas do Brasil. 1 parte. Subfam. Dorylinae, Cerapachyinae, Ponerinae, Dolichoderinae. Archivos do Museu Nacional (Rio de Janeiro) 24: 33-103.
  • Borgmeier T. 1930. Duas rainhas de Eciton e algumas outras formigas brasileiras. Archivos do Instituto Biológico (São Paulo) 3: 21-40.
  • Borgmeier T. 1953. Vorarbeiten zu einer Revision der neotropischen Wanderameisen. Studia Entomologica 2: 1-51.
  • Borgmeier T. 1955. Die Wanderameisen der neotropischen Region. Studia Entomologica 3: 1-720.
  • Brandao, C.R.F. 1991. Adendos ao catalogo abreviado das formigas da regiao neotropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 35: 319-412.
  • Cuezzo, F. 1998. Formicidae. Chapter 42 in Morrone J.J., and S. Coscaron (dirs) Biodiversidad de artropodos argentinos: una perspectiva biotaxonomica Ediciones Sur, La Plata. Pages 452-462.
  • Emery C. 1888. Formiche della provincia di Rio Grande do Sûl nel Brasile, raccolte dal dott. Hermann von Ihering. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 19: 352-366.
  • Forel A. 1911. Ameisen des Herrn Prof. v. Ihering aus Brasilien (Sao Paulo usw.) nebst einigen anderen aus Südamerika und Afrika (Hym.). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1911: 285-312.
  • Franco W., N. Ladino, J. H. C. Delabie, A. Dejean, J. Orivel, M. Fichaux, S. Groc, M. Leponce, and R. M. Feitosa. 2019. First checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of French Guiana. Zootaxa 4674(5): 509-543.
  • Kempf W. W. 1978. A preliminary zoogeographical analysis of a regional ant fauna in Latin America. 114. Studia Entomologica 20: 43-62.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Kusnezov N. 1953. La fauna mirmecológica de Bolivia. Folia Universitaria. Cochabamba 6: 211-229.
  • Kusnezov N. 1978. Hormigas argentinas: clave para su identificación. Miscelánea. Instituto Miguel Lillo 61:1-147 + 28 pl.
  • Luederwaldt H. 1918. Notas myrmecologicas. Rev. Mus. Paul. 10: 29-64.
  • Rosa da Silva R. 1999. Formigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) do oeste de Santa Catarina: historico das coletas e lista atualizada das especies do Estado de Santa Catarina. Biotemas 12(2): 75-100.
  • Santschi F. 1933. Fourmis de la République Argentine en particulier du territoire de Misiones. Anales de la Sociedad Cientifica Argentina. 116: 105-124.
  • Vittar, F. 2008. Hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) de la Mesopotamia Argentina. INSUGEO Miscelania 17(2):447-466
  • Watkins J. F., II 1976. The identification and distribution of New World army ants (Dorylinae: Formicidae). Waco, Texas: Baylor University Press, 102 pp
  • Wild, A. L. "A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)." Zootaxa 1622 (2007): 1-55.