Neivamyrmex raptor

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Neivamyrmex raptor
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Neivamyrmex
Species: N. raptor
Binomial name
Neivamyrmex raptor
(Forel, 1911)

Neivamyrmex raptor casent0905978 p 1 high.jpg

Neivamyrmex raptor casent0905978 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels




Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -11.55° to -31.632389°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Argentina, Brazil (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.


Association with Other Organisms

Explore-icon.png Explore: Show all Associate data or Search these data. See also a list of all data tables or learn how data is managed.
  • This species is a host for the phorid fly Dacnophora legionis (a parasitoid) (Quevillon, 2018) (encounter mode primary; direct transmission; transmission outside nest).


Images from AntWeb

Neivamyrmex raptor casent0905979 p 1 high.jpgNeivamyrmex raptor casent0905979 h 1 high.jpgNeivamyrmex raptor casent0905979 d 1 high.jpgNeivamyrmex raptor casent0905979 l 1 high.jpg
Syntype of Neivamyrmex raptorWorker. Specimen code casent0905979. Photographer Z. Lieberman, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by MHNG, Geneva, Switzerland.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • raptor. Eciton (Acamatus) raptor Forel, 1911c: 289 (w.) BRAZIL (São Paulo).
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Brazil: São Paulo, Ypiranga (von Ihering).
    • Type-depository: MHNG, NHMB.
    • Combination in Neivamyrmex: Borgmeier, 1955: 481.
    • [Note: the name raptans Forel, 1911d: 395 (footnote), was proposed as a replacement for raptor Forel, 1911c: 289, because of the name Eciton raptor Smith, F. 1855c: 169. The last name is however an incorrect subsequent spelling, in the figure legends, of Eciton rapax Smith, F. 1855c: 163. As an incorrect subsequent spelling raptor Smith, F. is unavailable, and therefore does not enter into homonymy.]
    • Status as species: Bolton, 1995b: 291.
    • Senior synonym of abstinens: Bolton, 1995b: 291.
    • Senior synonym of raptans: Bolton, 1995b: 291.
    • Senior synonym of rebellatum: Bolton, 1995b: 291.
    • Distribution: Argentina, Brazil.
  • abstinens. Eciton (Acamatus) abstinens von Ihering, 1912: 232.
    • Unnecessary (second) replacement name for raptor Forel, 1911c: 289.
    • Junior synonym of raptans: Forel, 1913l: 213; Borgmeier, 1923: 48; Santschi, 1934c: 25; Borgmeier, 1955: 481; Kempf, 1972a: 159.
    • Junior synonym of raptor: Bolton, 1995b: 291.
  • raptans. Eciton raptans Forel, 1911d: 395 (footnote).
    • Unnecessary replacement name for raptor Forel, 1911c: 289.
    • [Note: see comments under raptor Smith, F.]
    • Bruch, 1924a: 232 (q., see Bruch, 1925b: 125).
    • Combination in Neivamyrmex: Borgmeier, 1953: 8.
    • Subspecies of hetschkoi: Bruch, 1928: 350.
    • Status as species: Forel, 1913l: 213; Luederwaldt, 1918: 38; Borgmeier, 1923: 48; Bruch, 1925b: 125; Santschi, 1934c: 25; Borgmeier, 1955: 481; Kempf, 1972a: 159; Watkins, 1976: 18 (in key).
    • Junior synonym of raptor: Bolton, 1995b: 291.
  • rebellatum. Eciton (Acamatus) raptans var. rebellatum Santschi, 1934c: 25, pl. 3, figs. 4, 6, 10, 14, 19 (w.m.) ARGENTINA (Córdoba).
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated), 1 syntype male.
    • Type-locality: Argentina: Córdoba, Alta Gracia, No.Q1 (C. Bruch).
    • [Note: Santschi mentions workers and a queen from Argentina: Santa Fé, Fives Lille (Weiser) as referable to rebellatum, but these are not included in the description and perhaps should be excluded from the type-series.]
    • Type-depository: NHMB.
    • Combination in Neivamyrmex: Borgmeier, 1953: 13.
    • Subspecies of raptans: Bruch, 1934b: 127.
    • Junior synonym of raptans: Borgmeier, 1955: 481; Kempf, 1972a: 159.
    • Junior synonym of raptor: Bolton, 1995b: 291.



  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 291, Senior synonym of raptans (and its junior synonyms abstinens and rebellatum). new synonymy)
  • Borgmeier, T. 1955. Die Wanderameisen der neotropischen Region. Stud. Entomol. 3: 1-720 (page 481, Combination in Neivamyrmex)
  • Forel, A. 1911e. Ameisen des Herrn Prof. v. Ihering aus Brasilien (Sao Paulo usw.) nebst einigen anderen aus Südamerika und Afrika (Hym.). Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1911: 285-312 (page 289, worker described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Baroni Urbani C. 1977. Katalog der Typen von Formicidae (Hymenoptera) der Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Basel (2. Teil). Mitt. Entomol. Ges. Basel (n.s.) 27: 61-102.
  • Borgmeier T. 1923. Catalogo systematico e synonymico das formigas do Brasil. 1 parte. Subfam. Dorylinae, Cerapachyinae, Ponerinae, Dolichoderinae. Archivos do Museu Nacional (Rio de Janeiro) 24: 33-103.
  • Borgmeier T. 1953. Vorarbeiten zu einer Revision der neotropischen Wanderameisen. Studia Entomologica 2: 1-51.
  • Borgmeier T. 1955. Die Wanderameisen der neotropischen Region. Studia Entomologica 3: 1-720.
  • Bruch C. 1934. Las formas femeninas de Eciton. Descripción y redescripción de algunas especies de la Argentina. Anales de la Sociedad Cientifica Argentina 118: 113-135.
  • Cuezzo, F. 1998. Formicidae. Chapter 42 in Morrone J.J., and S. Coscaron (dirs) Biodiversidad de artropodos argentinos: una perspectiva biotaxonomica Ediciones Sur, La Plata. Pages 452-462.
  • Esteves F. A., C. R. F. Brandao, and L. P. Prado. 2011. The type specimens of Dorylomorph ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae: Aenictinae, Ecitoninae, Cerapachyinae, Leptanilloidinae) deposited in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil. Papeis Avulsos de Zoologia 51(22): 341-397.
  • Forel A. 1911. Ameisen des Herrn Prof. v. Ihering aus Brasilien (Sao Paulo usw.) nebst einigen anderen aus Südamerika und Afrika (Hym.). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1911: 285-312.
  • Kempf W. W. 1978. A preliminary zoogeographical analysis of a regional ant fauna in Latin America. 114. Studia Entomologica 20: 43-62.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Kusnezov N. 1978. Hormigas argentinas: clave para su identificación. Miscelánea. Instituto Miguel Lillo 61:1-147 + 28 pl.
  • Luederwaldt H. 1918. Notas myrmecologicas. Rev. Mus. Paul. 10: 29-64.
  • Santschi F. 1925. Fourmis des provinces argentines de Santa Fe, Catamarca, Santa Cruz, Córdoba et Los Andes. Comunicaciones del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural "Bernardino Rivadavia" 2: 149-168.
  • Santschi F. 1934. Fourmis de Misiones et du Chaco argentin. Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina. 6: 23-34.
  • Vittar, F. 2008. Hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) de la Mesopotamia Argentina. INSUGEO Miscelania 17(2):447-466
  • Vittar, F., and F. Cuezzo. "Hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) de la provincia de Santa Fe, Argentina." Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina (versión On-line ISSN 1851-7471) 67, no. 1-2 (2008).
  • Watkins J. F., II 1976. The identification and distribution of New World army ants (Dorylinae: Formicidae). Waco, Texas: Baylor University Press, 102 pp