|Subregion||Australia and New Zealand|
|% Endemic Genera||3.3%|
|% Endemic Species||25.0%|
- 1 Amblyopone
- 2 Austroponera
- 3 Brachyponera
- 4 Cardiocondyla
- 5 Chelaner
- 6 Colobopsis
- 7 Discothyrea
- 8 Doleromyrma
- 9 Erromyrma
- 10 Fulakora
- 11 Heteroponera
- 12 Huberia
- 13 Hypoponera
- 14 Iridomyrmex
- 15 Linepithema
- 16 Mayriella
- 17 Monomorium
- 18 Myrmecia
- 19 Nylanderia
- 20 Ochetellus
- 21 Orectognathus
- 22 Pheidole
- 23 Ponera
- 24 Prolasius
- 25 Rhytidoponera
- 26 Solenopsis
- 27 Strumigenys
- 28 Syllophopsis
- 29 Technomyrmex
- 30 Tetramorium
- 31 Fossils known from New Zealand
- 32 REFERENCES
The following valid species and subspecies of ants are known to occur in New Zealand. Unidentified and undescribed species will be added to this list as identifications are verified and taxonomic revisions are published. This species list is based upon the effort of many ant collectors as well as myrmecologists who have published on the taxonomy of New Zealand ants. Those who have specimen records that expand this list are encouraged to submit this information in the discussion section of the New Zealand Ants web page.
- Brachyponera chinensis (Emery, 1895) ((introduced), apparently no longer present)
- Brachyponera luteipes (Mayr, 1862) ((introduced), apparently no longer present)
- Colobopsis newzealandica (Donisthorpe, 1940 (identity uncertain))
- Discothyrea antarctica Emery, 1895
- Fulakora saundersi (Forel, 1892)
- Heteroponera brounii Forel, 1892
- Hypoponera eduardi Forel, 1894 ((introduced) from the Mediterranean)
- Hypoponera punctatissima (Roger, 1859) ((introduced), apparently no longer present)
- Iridomyrmex rufoniger (Lowne, 1865) ((introduced) from Australia)
- Iridomyrmex suchieri Forel, 1907 ((introduced) from Australia)
- Monomorium antipodum Forel, 1901 (probably native)
- Monomorium fieldi Forel, 1910 ((introduced) from Australia)
- Monomorium pharaonis (Linnaeus, 1758) ((introduced), a widespread pest)
- Monomorium sydneyense Forel, 1902 ((introduced) from Australia)
- Nylanderia glabrior (Forel, 1902) ((introduced) from neighboring region)
- Nylanderia obscura (Mayr, 1862) ((introduced) from neighboring region)
- Nylanderia tasmaniensis (Forel, 1913) ((introduced) from Australia)
- Nylanderia vaga (Forel, 1901) ((introduced) from neighboring region)
- Pheidole megacephala (Fabricius, 1793) (((introduced), a widespread pest)
- Pheidole proxima Mayr, 1876 ((introduced) from Australia)
- Pheidole rugosula Forel, 1902 ((introduced) from Australia)
- Pheidole vigilans Smith, 1858 ((introduced) from Australia)
- Prolasius advena Smith, 1862
- Rhytidoponera chalybaea Emery, 1901 ((introduced) from Australia)
- Rhytidoponera metallica (Smith, 1858) ((introduced) from Australia)
- Strumigenys perplexa Smith, 1876 ((introduced) from Australia)
- Strumigenys xenos Brown, 1955 ((introduced) from Australia)
- Tetramorium bicarinatum (Nylander, 1846) ((introduced), a widespread pest)
- Tetramorium grassii Emery, 1895 ((introduced) from South Africa)
Fossils known from New Zealand
- Bolton, B. 2007. Taxonomy of the dolichoderine ant genus Technomyrmex Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) based on the worker caste. Contributions of the American Entomological Institute 35, 1-149.
- Brown, W. L., Jr. 1958h. A review of the ants of New Zealand. Acta Hymenopterol. 1, 1-50.
- Cumber, R. A. 1959. Distributional and biological notes on sixteen North Island species of Formicidae (Hymenoptera). New Zealand Entomologist 2(4):10-14.
- Don, W. 2007. Ants of New Zealand. Otago University Press, Dunedin. 239 pp.
- Heterick, B. E. & Shattuck, S. 2011. Revision of the ant genus Iridomyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 2845, 1-174.
- Valentine EW, Walker AK. 1991. Annotated Catalogue of New Zealand Hymenoptera. DSIR Plant Protection Report 4. General Printing Services Ltd, Nelson.
- Ward, D.F. 2005. Changes to the classification of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The Weta 30, 16-18.
- Ward, D.F., et al. 2006. The diversity and origin of exotic ants arriving in New Zealand via human-mediated dispersal. Diversity and Distributions 12, 601–609.