Nomamyrmex hartigii

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Nomamyrmex hartigii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Nomamyrmex
Species: N. hartigii
Binomial name
Nomamyrmex hartigii
(Westwood, 1842)

Nomamyrmex hartigii casent0178604 profile 1.jpg

Nomamyrmex hartigii casent0178604 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Synonyms

Identification

Watkins (1977) - Workers: postoccipital sulcus absent; dorsum of petiole without longitudinal rugae. Males: border of head behind ocellar peduncle without a lamella; first gastric tergite without longitudinal rugae; width of blade of stipes at least two-thirds its length; posteroventral projection of volsella triangular with a small dorsal tooth near sharp apex. The characteristics of N. hartigi are very uniform throughout its entire range.

Jack Longino:

'Worker: back of head without deep transverse groove (present in esenbeckii complex); top of petiole smooth (longitudinally wrinkled in esenbeckii complex).

Male: Border of head behind ocellar peduncle without a narrow lamella (present in esenbeckii complex); first gastric tergite without longitudinal rugae (present in esenbeckii complex); width of blade of stipes two thirds its length (about half its length in esenbeckii complex); posteroventral projection of volsella triangular with a small dorsal tooth near the sharp apex (volsellae blunt, gradually tapered or snout-shaped in esenbeckii complex).

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil (type locality), Colombia, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Jack Longino: Nomamyrmex hartigii is a New World army ants. It presumably shares with all army ants the habits of group raiding and colony nomadism. This species is much less often seen than members of the esenbeckii complex. My own observations of hartigii are limited to the following:

At Sirena, Corcovado National Park, I observed a nasutiform termite nest on the ground. Thousands of termites had abandoned the nest and were coating the surrounding vegetation. Entire Heliconia leaves had continuous mono-layers of termites. Dolichoderus bispinosus were preying on the termites above ground. I flipped the termite nest and found masses of Nomamyrmex hartigii workers beneath. They had moved into the base from a tunnel and were carrying away termites from several large caches of dead termites.

In Monteverde, at 1400m elevation in the center of the community, I observed a column crossing a hard-packed rock road (near Pension Flor Mar). The column emerged from the ground on one side of the road and disappeared below ground on the other.

These observations suggest that this species is largely subterranean. Thus, even though it is very infrequently collected, little can be said about its absolute abundance.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • hartigii. Labidus hartigii Westwood, 1842: 75, pl. 20, fig. 3 (m.) BRAZIL (Rio de Janeiro, Paraíba).
    • Type-material: syntype males (number not stated).
    • Type-localities: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro (J. Miers), and Brazil: Sapé, 14.x.1828, at 10 p.m. (W. Burchell).
    • [Note: the Sapé syntype(s) (Paraíba State) were apparently not located by Borgmeier, 1955: 155.]
    • Type-depository: OXUM (perhaps also BMNH).
    • Combination in Eciton: Dalla Torre, 1893: 3;
    • combination in E. (Labidus): Emery, 1910b: 23;
    • combination in E. (Holopone): Santschi, 1925b: 11;
    • combination in E. (Nomamyrmex): Borgmeier, 1936: 55;
    • combination in Nomamyrmex: Borgmeier, 1953: 8.
    • Status as species: Smith, F. 1859b: 7; Roger, 1863b: 42; Mayr, 1863: 424; Forel, 1886a: 217; Dalla Torre, 1893: 3; Forel, 1895b: 119; Emery, 1900a: 177 (in key); Forel, 1901h: 47; Emery, 1910b: 23; Santschi, 1920d: 366; Borgmeier, 1923: 43; Santschi, 1930e: 82; Borgmeier, 1955: 155 (redescription); Kempf, 1960e: 387; Kempf, 1961b: 485; Watkins, 1976: 7 (in key); Watkins, 1977a: 204; Kempf, 1972a: 165; Watkins, 1982: 215 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 292; Palacio, 1999: 161 (in key); Wild, 2007b: 26; Bezděčková, et al. 2015: 110; Palacio, 2019: 626.
    • Senior synonym of apicifer: Borgmeier, 1953: 14; Borgmeier, 1955: 155; Kempf, 1972a: 165; Bolton, 1995b: 292.
    • Senior synonym of hansi: Borgmeier, 1953: 9; Borgmeier, 1955: 155; Kempf, 1972a: 165; Bolton, 1995b: 292.
    • Senior synonym of schlechtendali: Borgmeier, 1955: 155; Kempf, 1972a: 165; Bolton, 1995b: 292.
    • Distribution: Brazil, Colombia, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guyana, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad, Venezuela.
  • apicifer. Eciton (Labidus) apicifer Santschi, 1916e: 366, fig. (m.) PARAGUAY.
    • Type-material: holotype male.
    • Type-locality: Paraguay: Santa Trinidad (Zürcher).
    • Type-depository: NHMB.
    • Junior synonym of hartigii: Borgmeier, 1953: 14; Borgmeier, 1955: 155; Kempf, 1972a: 165; Bolton, 1995b: 292.
  • hansi. Eciton (Labidus) hartigi r. hansi Forel, 1912c: 43 (m.) BRAZIL (São Paulo).
    • Type-material: holotype (?) male.
    • [Note: no indication of number of specimens is given.]
    • Type-locality: Brazil: São Paulo (von Ihering).
    • Type-depository: MHNG.
    • Subspecies of hartigii: Luederwaldt, 1918: 37; Borgmeier, 1923: 43.
    • Junior synonym of hartigii: Borgmeier, 1953: 9; Borgmeier, 1955: 155; Kempf, 1972a: 165; Bolton, 1995b: 292.
  • schlechtendali. Eciton schlechtendali Mayr, 1887: 552 (w.) SOUTH AMERICA (no state data).
    • Type-material: 5 syntype workers.
    • Type-locality: South America: (no further data) (Schlechtendal).
    • Type-depositories: BMNH, NHMW.
    • Combination in E. (Labidus): Emery, 1910b: 23;
    • combination in E. (Holopone): Santschi, 1925b: 11;
    • combination in E. (Nomamyrmex): Borgmeier, 1936: 55;
    • combination in Nomamyrmex: Borgmeier, 1953: 11.
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 6; Forel, 1895b: 121; Forel, 1908c: 346; Emery, 1910b: 23; Santschi, 1916e: 368; Luederwaldt, 1918: 37; Borgmeier, 1923: 44; Borgmeier, 1939: 407.
    • Junior synonym of hartigii: Borgmeier, 1955: 155; Kempf, 1972a: 165; Bolton, 1995b: 292.

Description

References

  • Borgmeier, T. 1936b. Sobre algumas formigas dos generos Eciton e Cheliomyrmex (Hym. Formicidae). Arch. Inst. Biol. Veg. (Rio J.) 3: 51-68 (page 55, Combination in E.(Nomamyrmex))
  • Borgmeier, T. 1953. Vorarbeiten zu einer Revision der neotropischen Wanderameisen. Stud. Entomol. 2: 1-51 (page 8, Combination in Nomamyrmex; page 14, Senior synonym of apicifer; page 9, Senior synonym of hansi)
  • Borgmeier, T. 1955. Die Wanderameisen der neotropischen Region. Stud. Entomol. 3: 1-720 (page 155, Senior synonym of schlechtendali)
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 3, Combination in Eciton)
  • Emery, C. 1910b. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Dorylinae. Genera Insectorum 102: 1-34 (page 23, Combination in E. (Labidus))
  • Santschi, F. 1925b [1924]. Nouvelles fourmis brésiliennes. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 64: 5-20 (page 11, Combination in E. (Holopone))
  • Watkins, J. F., II. 1977a. The species and subspecies of Nomamyrmex (Dorylinae: Formicidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society. 50:203-214. (page 204, see also)
  • Westwood, J. O. 1842. Monograph of the hymenopterous group, Dorylides. Pp. 73-80 in: Westwood, J. O. Arcana entomologica; or illustrations of new, rare, and interesting insects. Volume 1, No. 5. London: W. Smith, pp. 65-80, pl. 17-20. (page 75, pl. 20, fig. 3 male described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Baroni Urbani C. 1977. Katalog der Typen von Formicidae (Hymenoptera) der Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Basel (2. Teil). Mitt. Entomol. Ges. Basel (n.s.) 27: 61-102.
  • Borgmeier T. 1923. Catalogo systematico e synonymico das formigas do Brasil. 1 parte. Subfam. Dorylinae, Cerapachyinae, Ponerinae, Dolichoderinae. Archivos do Museu Nacional (Rio de Janeiro) 24: 33-103.
  • Borgmeier T. 1939. Nova contribuição para o conhecimento das formigas neotropicas (Hym. Formicidae). Revista de Entomologia (Rio de Janeiro) 10: 403-428.
  • Borgmeier T. 1953. Vorarbeiten zu einer Revision der neotropischen Wanderameisen. Studia Entomologica 2: 1-51.
  • Borgmeier T. 1955. Die Wanderameisen der neotropischen Region. Studia Entomologica 3: 1-720.
  • Dattilo W. et al. 2019. MEXICO ANTS: incidence and abundance along the Nearctic-Neotropical interface. Ecology https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2944
  • Emery C. 1910. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Dorylinae. Genera Insectorum 102: 1-34.
  • Escalante Gutiérrez J. A. 1993. Especies de hormigas conocidas del Perú (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista Peruana de Entomología 34:1-13.
  • Escalante J. A. 1976. Hormigas del valle de K'Osnipata (Paucartambo, Cusco). Revista Peruana de Entomologia 107-108.
  • Estrada M., C. and F. Fernandez. 1999. Diversidad de hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) en un gradiente sucesional del bosque nublado (Nariño, Colombia). Revista de Biología Tropical 47(1-2).
  • Fernandes, P.R. XXXX. Los hormigas del suelo en Mexico: Diversidad, distribucion e importancia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).
  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • Forel A. 1901. Formiciden des Naturhistorischen Museums zu Hamburg. Neue Calyptomyrmex-, Dacryon-, Podomyrma- und Echinopla-Arten. Mitt. Naturhist. Mus. Hambg. 18: 43-82.
  • Forel A. 1908. Ameisen aus Sao Paulo (Brasilien), Paraguay etc. gesammelt von Prof. Herm. v. Ihering, Dr. Lutz, Dr. Fiebrig, etc. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 58: 340-418.
  • Forel A. 1912. Formicides néotropiques. Part I. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique. 56: 28-49.
  • Franco W., N. Ladino, J. H. C. Delabie, A. Dejean, J. Orivel, M. Fichaux, S. Groc, M. Leponce, and R. M. Feitosa. 2019. First checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of French Guiana. Zootaxa 4674(5): 509-543.
  • Gomez V. E. S., and G. Z. González. 2007. Catalogo de Las Hormigas Presentes en El Museo de Historia Natural de la Universidad del Cauca. Popayán : 1-58.
  • INBio Collection (via Gbif)
  • Kempf W. W. 1961. A survey of the ants of the soil fauna in Surinam (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Studia Entomologica 4: 481-524.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Lattke J. E., M. Kaspari, S. O’Donnell, and S. Powell. 2007. Las hormigas ecitoninas de Venezuela (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ecitoninae): elenco preliminar. Entomotropica Vol. 22(3): 153-170.
  • Longino J. T. L., and M. G. Branstetter. 2018. The truncated bell: an enigmatic but pervasive elevational diversity pattern in Middle American ants. Ecography 41: 1-12.
  • Longino J. T., J. Coddington, and R. K. Colwell. 2002. The ant fauna of a tropical rain forest: estimating species richness three different ways. Ecology 83: 689-702.
  • Luederwaldt H. 1918. Notas myrmecologicas. Rev. Mus. Paul. 10: 29-64.
  • Lutinski J. A., F. R. Mello Garcia, C. J. Lutinska, and S. Iop. 2008. Ants diversity in Floresta Nacional de Chapecó in Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Ciência Rural, Santa Maria 38(7): 1810-1816.
  • Maravalhas J., and H. L. Vasconcelos. 2014. Revisiting the pyrodiversity–biodiversity hypothesis: long-term fire regimes and the structure of ant communities in a Neotropical savanna hotspot. Journal of Applied Ecology 51: 1661-1668.
  • O'Donnell S., J. Lattke, S. Powell, and M. Kaspari. 2007. Army ants in four forests: geographic variation in raid rates and species composition. Journal of Animal Ecology 76: 580-589.
  • Palacio E. 1999. Hormigas legionarias (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ecitoninae) de Colombia. Pp. 117-189 in: Amat-G., G.; Andrade-C., M. G.; Fernández, F. (eds.) 1999. Insectos de Colombia. Volumen II. Bogotá: Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, 433 pp.
  • Rosa da Silva R. 1999. Formigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) do oeste de Santa Catarina: historico das coletas e lista atualizada das especies do Estado de Santa Catarina. Biotemas 12(2): 75-100.
  • Salinas P. J. 2010. Catalogue of the ants of the Táchira State, Venezuela, with notes on their biodiversity, biogeography and ecology (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Amblyioponinae, Ponerinae, Proceratiinae, Myrmicinae, Ecitoninae, Formicinae, Pseudomyrmecinae, Dolichoderinae). Boletín de la SEA 47: 315-328.
  • Santschi F. 1916. Formicides sudaméricains nouveaux ou peu connus. Physis (Buenos Aires). 2: 365-399.
  • Siqueira de Castro F., A. B. Gontijo, W. Duarte da Rocha, and S. Pontes Ribeiro. 2011. As comunidades de formigas de serapilheira nas florestas semidecíduas do Parque Estadual do Rio Doce, Minas Gerais. MG.BIOTA, Belo Horizonte 3(5): 5-24.
  • Vásquez-Bolaños M. 2011. Lista de especies de hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) para México. Dugesiana 18: 95-133
  • Watkins II, J.F. 1982.The army ants of Mexico (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ecitoninae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 55(2): 197-247.
  • Watkins J. F., II 1976. The identification and distribution of New World army ants (Dorylinae: Formicidae). Waco, Texas: Baylor University Press, 102 pp
  • Wild, A. L. "A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)." Zootaxa 1622 (2007): 1-55.
  • da Silva de Oliveira A. B., and F. A. Schmidt. 2019. Ant assemblages of Brazil nut trees Bertholletia excelsa in forest and pasture habitats in the Southwestern Brazilian Amazon. Biodiversity and Conservation 28(2): 329-344.