Odontomachus cephalotes

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Odontomachus cephalotes
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Odontomachus
Species: O. cephalotes
Binomial name
Odontomachus cephalotes
Smith, F., 1863

Odontomachus cephalotes casent0172403 profile 1.jpg

Odontomachus cephalotes casent0172403 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels



Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).
Indo-Australian Region: Indonesia (type locality), New Guinea.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb





The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • cephalotes. Odontomachus cephalotes Smith, F. 1863: 19 (w.) INDONESIA (Seram I.). Forel, 1915b: 34 (q.m.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1971b: 1212 (l.). Subspecies of ruficeps: Forel, 1911e: 251; Forel, 1915b: 34. Revived status as species: Wilson, 1959a: 490. Senior synonym of aruanus and material of the unavailable names fusca, cruenta, longitudinalis, tamensis, ternatensis referred here: Wilson, 1959a: 491. Senior synonym of ajax and material of the unavailable names cooktownensis, obtusa, yorkensis referred here: Brown, 1976a: 103. See also: Crawley, 1922b: 441; Brown, 1976a: 120.
  • aruanus. Odontomachus ruficeps subsp. aruanus Karavaiev, 1925c: 295, fig. 14 (w.m.) INDONESIA (Aru I.). Junior synonym of cephalotes: Wilson, 1959a: 491.
  • ajax. Odontomachus ajax Clark, 1928b: 169 (w.) AUSTRALIA. [First available use of Odontomachus ruficeps subsp. turneri var. ajax Forel, 1910b: 10; unavailable name (Taylor, 1986: 34).] Junior synonym of cephalotes: Brown, 1976a: 103.

Type Material

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Odontomachus cephalotes

Two worker syntypes in Oxford University Museum of Natural History, both labelled “Cer.E” (= Ceram); one of them also bears a Donisthorpe type-label.



  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1976c. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, subtribal characters. Genus Odontomachus. Stud. Entomol. 19: 67-171 (page 103, Senior synonym of ajax, and material of the unavailable names cooktownensis, obtusa and yorkensis referred here; also page 120)
  • Crawley, W. C. 1922a. New ants from Australia. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 9(9): 427-448 (page 441)
  • Forel, A. 1911g. Die Ameisen des K. Zoologischen Museums in München. Sitzungsber. Math.-Phys. Kl. K. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. Münch. 11: 249-303 (page 251, Subspecies of ruficeps)
  • Forel, A. 1915b. Results of Dr. E. Mjöbergs Swedish Scientific Expeditions to Australia 1910-13. 2. Ameisen. Ark. Zool. 9(1 16: 1-119 (page 34, queen, male described, Subspecies of ruficeps)
  • Smith, F. 1863a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects collected by Mr. A. R. Wallace in the islands of Mysol, Ceram, Waigiou, Bouru and Timor. J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. Zool. 7: 6-48 (page 19, worker described)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1971b. Ant larvae of the subfamily Ponerinae: second supplement. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 6 64: 1197-1217 (page 1212, larva described)
  • Wilson, E. O. 1959c. Studies on the ant fauna of Melanesia V. The tribe Odontomachini. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 120: 483-510 (page 490, Revived status as species; page 491, Senior synonym of aruanus, and material of the unavailable names fusca, cruenta, longitudinalis, tamensis and ternatensis referred here)