Odontomachus meinerti

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Odontomachus meinerti
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Odontomachus
Species: O. meinerti
Binomial name
Odontomachus meinerti
Forel, 1905

Odontomachus meinerti casent0173538 profile 1.jpg

Odontomachus meinerti casent0173538 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Synonyms

De la Mora et al. (2016) found this species nesting in logs found in coffee farms in the Soconusco region of Chiapas, Mexico. A small percentage of pupae were found to be parasitized by eucharitid wasps.

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Lange et al. (2015) - This species was found in semideciduous mesophytic forest pitfall-trap samples. The study examined the ant community within a patch (11.2 hectares) of forest in an urban park (Araguari, Brazil).

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • meinerti. Odontomachus haematodes r. meinerti Forel, 1905b: 156 (w.) VENEZUELA.
    • Type-material: holotype(?) worker.
    • [Note: no indication of number of specimens is given.]
    • Type-locality: Venezuela: Las Tricheras (F. Meinert).
    • Type-depository: ZMUC.
    • Subspecies of haematodus: Emery, 1911d: 115; Wheeler, W.M. 1916d: 323; Wheeler, W.M. 1922c: 4; Kempf, 1972a: 171.
    • Status as species: Bolton, 1995b: 296; Wild, 2007b: 39; Rodriguez, J. 2008: 166; Branstetter & Sáenz, 2012: 262; Feitosa, 2015c: 99; Fernández & Guerrero, 2019: 539.
    • Synonym of minuta: Brown, 1976a: 104.
    • [Note: Brown gives minuta as senior synonym, but meinerti has priority (Bolton, 1995b: 296).]
    • Senior synonym of dulcis: Bolton, 1995b: 296.
    • Senior synonym of minuta: Bolton, 1995b: 296.
    • Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Venezuela.
  • dulcis. Odontomachus haematoda subsp. dulcis Mann, 1922: 18 (w.) HONDURAS.
    • Type-material: holotype worker.
    • Type-locality: Honduras: Progresso, 1920 (W.M. Mann).
    • Type-depository: USNM.
    • Subspecies of haematodus: Kempf, 1972a: 171.
    • Junior synonym of minuta: Brown, 1976a: 104.
    • Junior synonym of meinerti: Bolton, 1995b: 296.
  • minuta. Odontomachus haematoda subsp. minuta Luederwaldt, 1918: 36.
    • Type-material: 2 syntype workers.
    • Type-locality: Brazil: Mato Grosso (no further data).
    • Type-depository: MSNG.
    • [First available use of Odontomachus haematodes subsp. pubescens var. minutus Emery, 1894c: 146 (w.) BRAZIL (Mato Grosso); unavailable (infrasubspecific) name.]
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1911d: 115; Borgmeier, 1923: 79.
    • Status as species: Kempf, 1972a: 7, 172; Kempf & Lenko, 1976: 60; Brown, 1976a: 104, 160; Brandão, 1991: 364.
    • Synonym of meinerti: Brown, 1976a: 104; Brandão, 1991: 364.
    • [Note: Brown, and Brandão, give minuta as senior synonym, but meinerti has priority (Bolton, 1995b: 296).]
    • Junior synonym of meinerti: Bolton, 1995b: 296.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Larva

Described by Fox et al. (2017).

Karyotype

  • 2n = 44, karyotype = 4SM+6ST+34T (Brazil) (Santos et al., 2010).

References

  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 296, Raised to species)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1976c. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, subtribal characters. Genus Odontomachus. Stud. Entomol. 19: 67-171 (page 104, Synonym of minuta)
  • de la Mora, A., G. Perez-Lachaud, J. P. Lachaud, and S. M. Philpott. 2015. Local and Landscape Drivers of Ant Parasitism in a Coffee Landscape. Environmental Entomology. 44:939-950. doi:10.1093/ee/nvv071
  • Forel, A. 1905e. Miscellanea myrmécologiques II (1905). Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 49: 155-185 (page 156, worker described)
  • Fox, E. G. P., A. A. Smith, J. C. Gibson, and D. R. Solis. 2017. Larvae of trap jaw ants, Odontomachus LATREILLE, 1804 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): morphology and biological notes. Myrmecological News. 25:17-28.
  • Lange, D., A. A. Vilela, G. Erdogmus, A. B. Barbosa, S. C. Costa, and V. Stefani. 2015. Temporal dynamic of foraging of epigeic ants in an urban forest fragment. Bioscience Journal. 31:1501-1511.

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