Odontomachus nigriceps

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Odontomachus nigriceps
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Odontomachus
Species: O. nigriceps
Binomial name
Odontomachus nigriceps
Smith, F., 1860

Odontomachus nigriceps casent0900614 p 1 high.jpg

Odontomachus nigriceps casent0900614 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: New Guinea (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • nigriceps. Odontomachus nigriceps Smith, F. 1860b: 103, pl. 1, fig. 9 (w.) NEW GUINEA (Indonesia).
    • [Note: in this publication Smith also gives pl.1, fig. 9 as saevissimus.]
    • Type-material: 2 syntype workers.
    • Type-locality: Indonesia: Irian Jaya, Dory (= Manokwari) (A.R. Wallace).
    • Type-depositories: BMNH, OXUM.
    • [Note: there is no way of knowing if the OXUM specimen, marked as “type” by Donisthorpe, is a true syntype or not. The specimen in BMNH is mounted in the same way as the OXUM specimen, but the forms of the data labels differ. The OXUM specimen has only the standard paper disc, marked “DORY”, without other information. The BMNH specimen has a printed rectangular label, “59/58 Dory. New Guinea,” for which the Accessions Register gives, “1859 no. 58 (June 24) Dory, New Guinea. Purchased of Mr S. Stevens; collected by Mr Alfred Wallace.”]
    • Subspecies of tyrannicus: Emery, 1897d: 557; Emery, 1911d: 113; Donisthorpe, 1947c: 579; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 47.
    • Status as species: Smith, F. 1863: 19; Roger, 1863b: 21; Mayr, 1863: 437; Smith, F. 1865: 70; Smith, F. 1871a: 319; Mayr, 1876: 85; Emery, 1887b: 429; Emery, 1892d: 559 (in key); Dalla Torre, 1893: 51; Emery, 1911b: 531; Donisthorpe, 1932c: 461; Wilson, 1959a: 496; Brown, 1976a: 105; Bolton, 1995b: 296.
    • Senior synonym of praefectus: Wilson, 1959a: 496; Brown, 1976a: 105; Bolton, 1995b: 296.
    • Distribution: Indonesia (Irian Jaya), Papua New Guinea.
  • praefectus. Odontomachus angulatus subsp. praefectus Forel, 1911e: 251 (w.) NEW GUINEA (no state data).
    • Type-material: holotype worker.
    • Type-locality: New Guinea (no further data) (Bates).
    • Type-depository: ZSBS.
    • Junior synonym of nigriceps: Wilson, 1959a: 496; Brown, 1976a: 105; Bolton, 1995b: 297.

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Odontomachus nigriceps

There is no way of knowing if the Oxford University Museum of Natural History specimen marked as “type” by Donisthorpe is the true holotype or not. There is a second specimen, in The Natural History Museum, that is mounted in the same way as the Oxford University Museum of Natural History specimen, but the forms of the data labels differ.

Oxford University Museum of Natural History specimen has the standard paper disc, marked “DORY” (= Dory I., New Guinea), without other information.

The Natural History Museum specimen has a printed rectangular label, “59/58 Dory. New Guinea.” Acc. Reg.: “1859 no. 58 (June 24) Dory, New Guinea. Purchased of Mr S. Stevens; collected by Mr Alfred Wallace.”

Description

References

  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1976c. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, subtribal characters. Genus Odontomachus. Stud. Entomol. 19: 67-171 (page 105, Status as species)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1932c. On the identity of Smith's types of Formicidae (Hymenoptera) collected by Alfred Russell Wallace in the Malay Archipelago, with descriptions of two new species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 10(10): 441-476 (page 461, Status as species)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1947c [1946]. Ants from New Guinea, including new species and a new genus. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 11(13): 577-595 (page 579, Variety of tyrannicus)
  • Emery, C. 1897d. Viaggio di Lamberto Loria nella Papuasia orientale. XVIII. Formiche raccolte nella Nuova Guinea dal Dott. Lamberto Loria. [part]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 38[=(2(18): 546-576 (page 557, Variety of tyrannicus)
  • Smith, F. 1860b. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects collected by Mr. A. R. Wallace in the islands of Bachian, Kaisaa, Amboyna, Gilolo, and at Dory in New Guinea. J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. Zool. 5(17b)(suppl. to vol. 4 4: 93-143 (page 103, pl. 1, fig. 9 worker described)
  • Wilson, E. O. 1959c. Studies on the ant fauna of Melanesia V. The tribe Odontomachini. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 120: 483-510 (page 496, Status as species, Senior synonym of praefectus)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Brown W. L., Jr. 1976. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, subtribal characters. Genus Odontomachus. Stud. Entomol. 19: 67-171.
  • CSIRO Collection
  • Donisthorpe H. 1947. Ants from New Guinea, including new species and a new genus. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (11)13: 577-595.
  • Emery C. 1887. Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte terza. Formiche della regione Indo-Malese e dell'Australia (continuazione e fine). [concl.]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 25(5): 427-473.
  • Emery C. 1911. Formicidae. Résultats de l'expédition scientifique néerlandaise à la Nouvelle-Guinée en 1903 sous les auspices de Arthur Wichmann. Nova Guinea 5: 531-539.
  • Emery C. 1911. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125.
  • Emery, C. "Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte terza. Formiche della regione Indo-Malese e dell'Australia (continuazione e fine)." Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria (Genova) (2) 5, no. 25 (1887): 427-473.
  • Forel A. 1911. Die Ameisen des K. Zoologischen Museums in München. Sitzungsber. Math.-Phys. Kl. K. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. Münch. 11: 249-303.
  • Janda M., G. D. Alpert, M. L. Borowiec, E. P. Economo, P. Klimes, E. Sarnat, and S. O. Shattuck. 2011. Cheklist of ants described and recorded from New Guinea and associated islands. Available on http://www.newguineants.org/. Accessed on 24th Feb. 2011.
  • Room P. M. 1975. Diversity and organization of the ground foraging ant faunas of forest, grassland and tree crops in Papua Nez Guinea. Aust. J. Zool. 23: 71-89.
  • Room, P.M. 1975. Relative Distributions of Ant Species in Cocoa Plantations in Papua New Guinea Relative Distributions of Ant Species in Cocoa Plantations in Papua New Guinea. Journal of Applied Ecology 12(1):47-61
  • Smith F. 1863. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects collected by Mr. A. R. Wallace in the islands of Mysol, Ceram, Waigiou, Bouru and Timor. Journal and Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology 7: 6-48.
  • Smith F. 1865. Descriptions of new species of hymenopterous insects from the islands of Sumatra, Sula, Gilolo, Salwatty, and New Guinea, collected by Mr. A. R. Wallace. Journal and Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology 8: 61-94.
  • Viehmeyer H. 1912. Ameisen aus Deutsch Neuguinea gesammelt von Dr. O. Schlaginhaufen. Nebst einem Verzeichnisse der papuanischen Arten. Abhandlungen und Berichte des Königlichen Zoologischen und Anthropologische-Ethnographischen Museums zu Dresden 14: 1-26.
  • Wilson E. O. 1959. Studies on the ant fauna of Melanesia V. The tribe Odontomachini. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 120: 483-510.
  • Wilson Edward O. 1959. Adaptive Shift and Dispersal in a Tropical Ant Fauna. Evolution 13(1): 122-144