Odontomachus philippinus

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Odontomachus philippinus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Odontomachus
Species: O. philippinus
Binomial name
Odontomachus philippinus
Emery, 1893

Odontomachus philippinus casent0903995 p 1 high.jpg

Odontomachus philippinus casent0903995 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Odontomachus philippinus was found only in shaded, humid places in degraded primary forests or in secondary forests. This species is greatly endangered by the destruction of forests in the western Visayas region. (Sorger & Zettel 2011)


Sorger & Zettel (2011) - Odontomachus philippinus is closely related to Odontomachus scifictus; it differs in mesopleuron sculpture and petiolar shape (see key and notes of O. scifictus for additional details).

Keys including this Species


Sorger & Zettel (2011) - Endemic to the Philippines and there restricted to the western Visayas islands of Panay, Negros and Siquijor. Natural occurrence in Central Luzon (Manila) (Emery 1893) is doubtful. (see the nomenclature section below for details regarding the originally reported type locality).

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 15.583333° to 15.583333°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Philippines (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • philippinus. Odontomachus papuanus r. philippinus Emery, 1893e: 203 (in text) (w.) PHILIPPINES (Luzon I.).
    • Type-material: holotype worker.
    • Type-locality: Philippines: Manila (no collector’s name).
    • Type-depository: MSNG.
    • Subspecies of papuanus: Emery, 1911d: 113; Wheeler, W.M. & Chapman, 1925: 71; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 45; Baltazar, 1966: 239.
    • Junior synonym of infandus: Brown, 1976a: 104; Bolton, 1995b: 297.
    • Status as species: Sorger & Zettel, 2011: 153 (redescription).
    • Distribution: Philippines (Negros, Panay, Siquijor).

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Sorger & Zettel (2011) - Emery (1893) describes Odontomachus philippinus as a race of O. papuanus, a species from New Guinea. He writes “provenient de Manille et m'a été envoyée par M. Mayr” [translated: origins from Manila and sent to me by Mr. Mayr]. A single worker in the Museum Genoa is the holotype. There are two further workers in the Natural History Museum Vienna which origin from Mayr's Collection and bear a label with Mayr's notes “papuanus var. m. gestreiften Seitengruben det. G. Mayr” [translated: papuanus variation with striped side grooves] [on head]. These specimens bear locality labels “Manilla Heer.” and “Manilla Forel.”, respectively. Both Heer and Forel were collectors, but like Mayr they never reached Asia. We assume that all three specimens are from the same series, but that their provenience from the city of Manila is doubtful or – more unlikely – after human transportation. According to newly collected material, which agrees very well with the holotype, O. philippinus occurs only in the Western Visayas. Its native occurrence in Central Luzon, the best sampled area in the Philippines, is very unlikely.



Sorger & Zettel (2011) - Worker with smallest HW: CI 68, HL 3.03, HW 2.07, MdI 62, MdL 1.88, MsL 4.70, SI 152, SL 3.13, PnW 1.22, PtH 1.22, PtL 1.36, PtW 0.44, TL 13.19; worker with largest HW: CI 72, HL 3.63, HW 2.60, MdI 57, MdL 2.07, MsL 4.80, PnW 1.57, PtH 1.54, PtL 1.68, PtW 0.54, SI 138, SL 3.60, TL 15.63.

Structures: Striation on head extending from frontal lobes to ocular ridge, rest of head smooth and shiny. Pronotum with relatively coarse transversely oriented striation, in dorsal view no loops visible (loops may be visible in lateral view); posterolateral parts without striation, smooth and shiny. Mesopleuron smooth and shiny, along meso-metapleural suture a few faint striae may occur dorsally or ventrally, but at its middle always smooth and shiny. Petiole S-shaped, strongly bent backwards, convex dorsally. Entire ant appearing very shiny / glossy.

Pilosity: Pubescence sparse, short.

Colour: Uniformly dark; slightly reddish brown in specimens from Siquijor.

Type Material

Sorger & Zettel (2011) - worker; Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Genoa) from "Manilla, Mayr".


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Emery C. 1893. Formicides de l'Archipel Malais. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 1: 187-229.
  • Emery C. 1911. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125.
  • General D. M., and G. D. Alpert. 2012. A synoptic review of the ant genera (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of the Philippines. Zookeys 200: 1-111.
  • Sorger, D.M. and H. Zettel. 2011. On the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Philippine Islands: V. The genus Odontomachus LATREILLE, 1804. Myrmecological News. 14:141-163.