Odontomachus schoedli

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Odontomachus schoedli
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Odontomachus
Species: O. schoedli
Binomial name
Odontomachus schoedli
Sorger & Zettel, 2011

Odontomachus schoedli casent0900655 p 1 high.jpg

Odontomachus schoedli casent0900655 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

This species was collected at higher elevations in strongly degraded forests.


Sorger & Zettel (2011) - A member of the Odontomachus infandus group. Odontomachus schoedli is only known from the western mountain ranges of northern Luzon. In Benguet it is sympatric with Odontomachus infandus. The main differences between these two species are the striation of the pronotum, which is transverse in O. schoedli but more or less longitudinal in O. infandus, and the shape of the petiole, which is remarkably short and with a very straight anterior face of the node (including spine) in O. schoedli, whereas it has a longer, curved spine in O. infandus (only weakly developed in the smallest specimens). The uniformly light chocolate brown colour of head and mesosoma of O. schoedli is striking, but we have seen a few specimens of O. infandus from northern Luzon with the same colouration.

Keys including this Species


Endemic to the Philippines: only in the north of Luzon: Mountain Province, Benguet.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Philippines (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.



Images from AntWeb

Odontomachus schoedli casent0900655 d 2 high.jpg
Paratype of Odontomachus schoedliWorker. Specimen code casent0900655. Photographer Ryan Perry, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by NHMUK, London, UK.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • schoedli. Odontomachus schoedli Sorger & Zettel, 2011: 151, figs. 4, 10, 16, 47 (w.q.) PHILIPPINES (Luzon I.).
    • Type-material: holotype worker, 24 paratype workers.
    • Type-locality: holotype Philippines: Luzon, Mountain Prov., S Sagada, Bagnen, slopes of Mt Polis, 1600 m., 26.ii.1999 (S. Schödl); paratypes: 13 workers with same data, 6 workers with same data but (H. Zettel), 2 workers Benguet, W Baguio, at km. 7 of Asin Road, 17.ii.1999 (S. Schödl), 2 workers with same data as last but (H. Zettel), 1 worker Baguio (C.F. Baker).
    • Type-depositories: UPLB (holotype); BMNH, HSZC, NHMW, UPLB (paratypes).
    • Distribution: Philippines (Luzon).

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Measurements: holotype worker: CI 72, HL 2.95, HW 2.12, MdI 58, MdL 1.70, MsL 4.17, PnW 1.25, PtH 1.18, PtL 1.12, PtW 0.49, SI 146, SL 3.08, TL 16.25; paratype worker with smallest HW: CI 72, HL 2.98, HW 2.13, MdI 55, MdL 1.65, MsL 4.00, PnW 1.20, PtH 1.18, PtL 1.18, PtW 0.51, SI 144, SL 3.07, TL 12.75; paratype worker with largest HW: CI 73, HL 3.60, HW 2.62, MdI 59, MdL 2.13, MsL 5.93, PnW 1.52, PtH 1.48, PtL 1.53, PtW 0.56, SI 137, SL 3.58, TL 16.13.

Structures: Head striate; striation reaching occipital margin. Pronotum with fine, transverse striation. Mesopleuron with fine transverse striation. Petiole stout, with short spine, bent backwards only very slightly.

Pilosity: Pubescence sparse, long.

Colour: Head and mesosoma medium brown, petiole and gaster dark brown.

Type Material

Holotype worker (University of the Philippines Los Baños): Luzon: Mountain Province: south of Sagada, Bagnen, slopes of Mt. Polis, 1600 m, 26.II.1999, leg. S. Schödl (23). Paratypes (24 workers (The Natural History Museum, Herbert and S.V. Zettel, Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Vienna, UPLB): same locality data as holotype, 13 workers, leg. H. Zettel (189), 6 workers. Benguet: west of Baguio, at km 7 of Asin Road, 17.II.1999, leg. S. Schödl (11), 2 workers, leg. H. Zettel (179), 2 workers; Baguio, leg. C.F. Baker, 1 worker.


This species is named for our late colleague Stefan Schödl, former curator for Hymenoptera at the Natural History Museum Vienna, who collected a major part of the type series.


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Sorger, D.M. and H. Zettel. 2011. On the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Philippine Islands: V. The genus Odontomachus LATREILLE, 1804. Myrmecological News. 14:141-163.