Odontoponera transversa

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Odontoponera transversa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Odontoponera
Species: O. transversa
Binomial name
Odontoponera transversa
(Smith, F., 1857)






Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia (type locality), Singapore (type locality).
Oriental Region: India, Myanmar (type locality), Thailand, Vietnam.
Palaearctic Region: China.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • transversa. Ponera transversa Smith, F. 1857a: 68 (w.) SINGAPORE. Bingham, 1903: 73 (q.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1952c: 606 (l); Imai, Baroni Urbani, et al. 1984: 5 (k.). Combination in Odontoponera: Emery, 1893g: 262. Senior synonym of reticulata: Donisthorpe, 1932c: 474; of transversa: Yamane, 2009: 3. See also: Yamane, 2009: 4. Current subspecies: nominal plus biconcentrica, infuscata.
  • nitens. Odontoponera transversa subsp. nitens Creighton, 1929: 154 (w.) BORNEO. Junior synonym of transversa: Yamane, 2009: 3.
  • reticulata. Ponera reticulata Smith, F. 1858b: 85 (m.) MYANMAR. Junior synonym of transversa: Donisthorpe, 1932c: 474.

Type Material

  • Ponera transversa: Syntype, 4 workers, Singapore, Alfred Wallace, The Natural History Museum.
  • Odontoponera transversa nitens: Syntype, "a series of workers", Sabah, Malaysia, E. Mjoberg.
  • Ponera reticulata: Holotype, male, Myanmar, Mrs Waring, The Natural History Museum.

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Ponera reticulata

Holotype male in The Natural History Museum. Labelled “Birmah. 57/16.” Acc. Reg.: “1857 no. 16. Birmah. Purchased from Stevens. Collected by Mrs Waring.” Also with a Donisthorpe det. label dated 30.vii.1932, “Odontoponera transversa Smith, male.”

Ponera transversa

Four worker syntypes in The Natural History Museum. Labelled “SINC. 55/9.” Acc. Reg.: “1855 no. 9. Singapore (Malacca). Purchased of Stevens. Collected by Mr Alfred Wallace.” Two of the specimens also bear Farren White labels and old yellow “cotype” labels, and one has the det. “P. transversa Smith.” These four specimens are equipped with the The Natural History Museum blue syntype label.

A worker in Oxford University Museum of Natural History, labelled “Sing. 5,” has been indicated as type by Donisthorpe. This does not appear to belong to the same series as the The Natural History Museum specimens and is provisionally excluded from the syntype series.



  • 2n = 46, karyotype = 14M+32A (India) (Imai et al., 1984) (the karyotype has been published only for the Indian poplations).
  • 2n = 42 (Indonesia) (Imai et al., 1985).


  • Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. (page 73, queen described)
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 30, Senior synonym of denticulata)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1932c. On the identity of Smith's types of Formicidae (Hymenoptera) collected by Alfred Russell Wallace in the Malay Archipelago, with descriptions of two new species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 10(10): 441-476 (page 474, Senior synonym of reticulata)
  • Emery, C. 1893i. Voyage de M. E. Simon aux îles Philippines (mars et avril 1890). Formicides. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 62: 259-270 (page 262, Combination in Odontoponera)
  • Forel, A. 1900f. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part VII. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 13: 303-332 (page 314, Senior synonym of denticulata)
  • Ghosh, S.N. & Sheela, S. 2008. On a collection of Formicidae (Hymenoptera: Vespoidea) from Buxa Tiger Reserve, West Bengal, India, with new records of one rare genus and a rare species. Asian Myrmecology, 2, 99-102.
  • Imai, H. T.; Baroni Urbani, C.; Kubota, M.; Sharma, G. P.; Narasimhanna, M. H.; Das, B. C.; 1984. Karyological survey of Indian ants. Jpn. J. Genet. 59: 1-32 (page 5, karyotype described)
  • Smith, F. 1857a. Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects collected at Sarawak, Borneo; Mount Ophir, Malacca; and at Singapore, by A. R. Wallace. [part]. J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. Zool. 2: 42-88 (page 68, worker described)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1952c. The ant larvae of the subfamily Ponerinae - Part II. Am. Midl. Nat. 48: 604-672 (page 606, larva described)
  • Yamane, S. 2009. Odontoponera denticulata (F. Smith) (Formicidae: Ponerinae), a distinct species inhabiting disturbed areas. ARI 32 (1-8) PDF