Ophthalmopone hottentota

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Ophthalmopone hottentota
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Ophthalmopone
Species: O. hottentota
Binomial name
Ophthalmopone hottentota
(Emery, 1886)

Pachycondyla hottentota sam-hym-c005957a profile 1.jpg

Pachycondyla hottentota sam-hym-c005957a dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

At a Glance • Gamergate  




Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: South Africa (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


Termite specialists, individual foraging


The queen caste is absent, and instead gamergates (mated, egg-laying workers) reproduce (Peeters & Crewe 1985).


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • hottentota. Pachycondyla hottentota Emery, 1886: 360 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Arnold, 1915: 52 (m.). Combination in Ophthalmopone: Emery, 1902c: 30; in Pachycondyla: Brown, in Bolton, 1995b: 306; in Ophthalmopone: Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014: 124. Senior synonym of lanceolata: Emery, 1902c: 30.
  • lanceolata. Ophthalmopone lanceolata Mayr, 1895: 125 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Junior synonym of hottentota: Emery, 1902c: 30.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Arnold G. 1915. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part I. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Annals of the South African Museum 14: 1-159.
  • Emery C. 1886. Alcune formiche africane. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 18: 355-366.
  • IZIKO South Africa Museum Collection