Pachycondyla unicolor

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Pachycondyla unicolor
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Pachycondyla
Species: P. unicolor
Binomial name
Pachycondyla unicolor
(Smith, F., 1860)

Pachycondyla unicolor casent0901368 p 1 high.jpg

Pachycondyla unicolor casent0901368 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Schmith & Shattuck (2014), during their revision of the subfamily Ponerinae, were unable to determine the proper generic placement of this taxon. They left it assigned to Pachycondyla but noted that this placement is undoubtedly incorrect. Exact placement will require detailed examination of relevant material of this taxa.



Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Indonesia (type locality), Sulawesi.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.



Images from AntWeb

Pachycondyla unicolor casent0901368 p 2 high.jpg
Holotype of Ponera unicolorMale (alate). Specimen code casent0901368. Photographer Will Ericson, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by OUM, Oxford, UK.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • unicolor. Ponera unicolor Smith, F. 1860a: 73 (m.) INDONESIA (Sulawesi).
    • Type-material: holotype male.
    • Type-locality: Indonesia: Sulawesi, Makassar, “Mak.” (A.R. Wallace).
    • Type-depository: OXUM.
    • [Note: gastral apex of holotype is missing. There is a second male in OXUM, from Tondano (Sulawesi), apparently of the same species and complete.]
    • Combination in Pachycondyla (Bothroponera): Donisthorpe, 1932c: 458;
    • combination in Bothroponera: Joma & Mackay, 2013: 2;
    • incertae sedis in Pachycondyla: Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, 2014: 155.
    • [Note: generic combination equivocal: probably not a Bothroponera, and certainly not a Pachycondyla; perhaps Pseudoneoponera.]
    • Status as species: Mayr, 1863: 451; Smith, F. 1871a: 322; Dalla Torre, 1893: 42; Emery, 1901g: 566; Emery, 1911d: 116; Donisthorpe, 1932c: 458; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 73; Bolton, 1995b: 311.
    • Distribution: Indonesia (Sulawesi).

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Ponera unicolor

Holotype male in Oxford University Museum of Natural History. Labelled “Mak.” (= Makassar, Sulawesi) and with a Donisthorpe type-label. Gastral apex of holotype is missing. There is a second male in Oxford University Museum of Natural History, from Tondano (Sulawesi), apparently of the same species and complete.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Chapman, J. W., and Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monogr. Inst. Sci. Technol. Manila 1: 1-327
  • Emery C. 1901. Formiciden von Celebes. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 14:565-580.
  • Emery C. 1911. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125.